The most important event in history: Industrial Revolution Context The industrial revolution was the most important, which started around the eighteenth century towards the nineteenth century in Europe. This great event was the fastest spreading event in human history. The capacity of economy and population growth was unexpected especially at the areas in which it flourished. The industrial revolution benefited almost everyone around the world and brought about new social classes, large cities and many new innovations including medical discoveries especially in Britain as it based it is scientific innovations on experiments and practical work rather than theories and logic. Introduction The industrial revolution was the cause of many social,
The solution was imperialism because the colonization of other countries satisfied Europe’s demand for raw materials and created a trade output for their extra products. This movement to imperialize during the Industrial Revolution was driven by the promise of wealth and their citizens’ pride in their nation’s success. The rise of European nationalism during the Industrial Revolution brought a common desire to re-establish Europe’s imperialism throughout the world. The Western nations justified their colonization of territories with the idea of their “civilizing mission” and scientific racism. The rise of nationalism in Europe post Industrial Revolution was to blame for the growing popularity of imperialism.
More secure control of the land allowed the owners to make innovations that improved their yields. Other husbandmen rented property they "share Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and the key factors are the technological innovations that were invented. The social, economic and political changes in the previous centuries in Great Britain contributed. Whereas absolutism stayed the normal form of power execution through most parts of Europe, institutions ensured property rights and political safety to the people in the UK after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Aided by these legal and cultural foundations, an capitalist spirit and consumer revolution drove industrialisation in Britain, which would be emulated in countries around the
This was because Britain’s monarchy and parliament was a lot stronger and stable compared to other nations; its government policies also not only “encouraged innovation” and the “spread of global trade,” but it also created patent laws so that “inventors” could “benefit financially from their inventions” (“The Industrial Revolution” para. 3). Additionally, the fact that it being an island nation often aided it in avoiding any of wars or conflict with other nations due to its isolation, which gave Britain peace and stability as well as time to set the cogs of the Industrial Revolution in motion. Other factors include the fact that the Enlightenment period and Scientific Revolution inspired many scholars and craftspeople to apply new methods of scientific thinking to numerous mechanical and technological challenges in Great Britain, and also the fact that financial innovations such as stock markets and central banks essentially inspired people to “take risks with investments, trade, and new technologies” (Cleary 23). Historians today continue to debate what the real cause of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain was, but as of now it can be safe to assume that all of these factors and possibly more worked together to ignite this revolution’s
The high profit and its accumulation was the first stage of industrialization. The wealth of the people improved which uplifted even poor sailors into a wealthy businessmen and enlightened everyone’s knowledge. The rise of wealth along with triangular trade contributed to three
These include economic, exploratory, ethnocentric and political motives. A. Economic Imperial governments or private companies under those governments sought ways to maximize profits. Economic expansion demanded cheap labor, access to or control of markets to sell or buy products, and natural resources such as precious metals and land; governments have met these demands by hook (tribute) or by crook (plunder). After the advent of the Industrial Revolution, a dependent colony often provided wealth to European factories and markets and the raw materials they needed to manufacture products.
Before the Industrial Revolution, the history of demography in Europe was rife with high fertility rates and mortality rates. The dawn of the Age of Reason induced the development of knowledge and science and transitioned Europe from rural to urban. This resulted in two things: the debunking of the Malthusian Theory and the analysis of the European population evolution via the Demographic Transition Model. The onset of the Agricultural Revolution along with the development of European transportation facilities vastly improved the lives of people and complemented the movement of urbanization. This capitulated into high fertility and birth rates and low mortality rates during the Industrial Revolution.
Although coined by French writers, the term Industrial Revolution was popularized by historian Arnold Toynbee to describe the economic development in Great Britain. The Industrial Revolution spanned from the late 18th century through the 1800’s. Great Britain was the birthplace of this economic development for many reasons. For example, the geography of Britain was ideal for industrialization, as the nation had vast farm land, good rivers, and a coastline with many ports linking Great Britain to the world. Also, the country had great deposits of coal and iron, which were essential for industrialization.
The great demand of the world market continuously motivated new technology inventions and the upgrade of productivity. The industrialization first happened in Britain, and rapidly spread to other countries in western Europe. In the second half of the 19th century, with Britain as precedent, the industrialization was being proceeded in United States, Russia, and Japan. The Industrial Revolution in these major countries shared some similarities, but they still vary from each
When we discuss modernity, and all the advances and strides humankind has made in recent history, the industrial revolution has to be considered as one of the most imperative moments in history. The industrial revolution can be defined as the movement from Agriculture based economy to an industry based economy through the development of machinery and industry in Great Britain from late 18th century to early 19th century. In this essay I shall be specifically looking at the industrial revolution in England. I hope to explain the industrial revolution’s effect on England economically and socially. When attempting to derive the effects of the industrial revolution, it’s imperative to take a brief look at Britain before it and why the revolution occurred.