The period of the warring states was a period of extensive warfare, political instability and social unrest. At the same time, the continual wars ongoing led to the development of many philosophical ideologies thus it was also known as a period where the hundred schools of thought flourished. However, amongst the many philosophical ideologies that proliferated that era, only a few ideologies were successfully used during different periods of Chinese history, leaving a profound impact in history. In this paper, the relative success and failures in the visions of Confucianism and Legalism of political governance and social conduct will be discussed. For the discussion in this paper, success of the school of thought would be defined by its relevance
Mao’s rise to power was a result of favourable conditions resulting from both the failures of the Nationalist party (GMD) and the various successes of the Communist party (CCP). Before Mao was able to consolidate his power over China in 1949, he first had to become solitary leader of the CCP party which he accomplished through his effective use of propaganda, ideology, policies and use of force. Prior to this, China had been led by incompetent leaders and as a result of their actions, it experienced a weakness of political system, impact of war and various economic factors. Towards the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty which had ruled China for nearly two millennia, was on the verge of collapse. After the fall of the empire
This was a battle between Shang and Zhou clans, over the Shang 's expansion. They largely had the support of the Chinese people: Di Xin (the final king of the Shang Dynasty) had become cruel, spent state money on drinking and gambling, and ignored the state. The Zhou established authority by forging alliances with regional nobles, and founded their new dynasty with its capital at Fenghao (near present-day Xi 'an, in western China). Map of Zhou Dynasty This map shows the location of the ancient Zhou Dynasty. The map shows that the Zhou Dynasty covered portions of modern-day mid-eastern China.
The main theme that entangles itself in all of the source material is the idea of how governments should be run in such a powerful empire, such as Imperial Rome and the Han Dynasty. Starting with the first source, it is evident that the first Qin emperor believed that only the orthodox teachings should be tolerated, which meant that the works of the Five Classics and its teachings were to be extinguished. The next primary source serves as a supplement to explaining the fall of the Qin dynasty due to its warring ideas and Jia Yi argues that if Confucius teachings were implemented then the dynasty would have still been intact. The third source explains how the Qin dynasty was unjust in its equal appropriation of punishment against criminals regardless of motives or social class. Essentially, Dong Zhongshu believed that a dynasty could not be successful if it failed to establish a fair and righteous justice system for its citizens.
Portuguese traders began arriving in China around 1515. They were interested in trading new goods but also intended to spread Christianity, so they brought Jesuits along with them. Matteo Ricci, the leader of the Jesuits, aimed to convert members of the elite, who he hoped would then assist in spreading his religion among the Chinese people. The Jesuits were highly educated and served the Ming and Qing emperors as advisers, astronomers, cartographers, and painters, but they were generally unsuccessful in converting. They attempted to explain how the people can believe in both Confucian and Christian teachings.
2. Development of Pure Land Buddhism The idea of Pure Land Buddhism was raised in China and then spread to other countries, such as Japan and East Asia. (Wallace 2002, 43) It became famous in these countries but there are variations between the ideas. Take Indian and China as examples, Indian think that there would be separate life after rebirth as their present life may be suffering and the life after death should be happy and not connected to the present life. On the other hand, Chinese take rebirth as the continuation of life before death, which the human relations in the present life are connected to the life in Pure Land.
Technology, knowledge, politics and many more ideas were all becoming influences of the west. China was in a crisis. In order for China to emerge from this, had to observe their level of national power, discover the problem and progress as a whole (Chen). Chen Duxiu’s call for nationalism explained the negative connotations that imperialism had on their country. In his eyes, the lack of nationalism was a result of the conflicting ideas of the old and the new.
Another factor that affected the people and caused them to rebel was the heavy taxes that were put upon them. And finally, the wars that were frequent at that time because of the disunity in the empire. How they came to power The first step that the Tang Dynasty took to begin its empire was reuniting China were it used its strong military power with the lead of Emperor Taizong. Then Li Yuan declared himself the new emperor of the Tang Dynasty to be known later as the founder of the Tang Dynasty. Parts it controlled Under the lead of the Emperor Taizong in the Reign of Zhen Guan the Tang Dynasty was able to conquer and reunite the northern Mongolian Plateau, the Gaogouli area that consists of northeast China and the northern Korean Peninsula, they were also able to include the Baiji area that included the southwestern Korean Peninsula In the 7th century, the Tang Dynasty also included Central Asia to its empire.
For example, during Warring States Period in China, when seven major states were unable to protect their citizens from conquering by foreign countries and maintain peaceful life, fierce wars happened and China was inevitably in chaos. Eventually, the Qin dynasty unified China and ended the chaos. Numerous accomplishment of economy and improvement of policies were made after the unification. (Doc 4) Heinrich von Treitschke, who was one of the most influential proponents of militant nationalism in Germany, proclaimed that a united country should be able to protect itself and maintain usual orders. Small states would not have abilities to prevent themselves from being conquered by foreign countries and this means a large state will be more functional and beneficial to all citizens.
Although there has been countless time that China’s government ruled over the religion, and now there is hope that id does not need to be that same way again because it was different back then. For the flow of the world to work, it had to be balanced and the traditional Chinese religion focused their beliefs on yin and yang to bring that about. The “good” and “evil” is what yin and yang is about, however, the correct way is when things are working together is what brings balance, and that is why it is a common misconception for yin and