Culture is the way of life, customs, beliefs and behavior of society. Malaysia as known as multi-racial country consisiting of Malay, Chinese, Indian and another race. Every race has their own traditional cultures which is passed by their ancestors. In general, there are fourth types of traditional culture in Malaysia which is wedding, visit and tour, birth and death (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first type of traditional cultures in Malaysia is wedding.
This has shaped Malaysia into a melting pot of vastly different cultures and religions, creating diversity. However, the same cannot be said for the past few decades. This is because of selfish politicians playing the controversial “race card” to gain support from a particular race. These selfish actions have worsened the relationships between races and affected the harmony that was once our nation’s pride and joy. Thus, it is our role as Malaysians to find new ways of promoting racial harmony, because honestly, who would want to live in a country where everyone hates each other?
Religion Malaysia Malaysia is a multicultural country that comprises of Malays, Indians and Chinese. With the Malays being the largest community. The Malay language they use is Bahasa and they control the political fortunes of the country. Chinese make up one third of the country population, which comprise of Buddhist and Taoists, and speak different dialects. Indians would only make up 10% of the population and are mainly Hindu Tamils.
5. What are misunderstandings the local Chinese have towards the Muslim communities? 5.1 How do the misunderstandings affect the Hong Kong society? 5.2 How can we eliminate these misunderstandings? In Hong Kong, there are about 250,000 Muslims, half of them are Indonesian domestic helpers and the rest are mainly South Asians and Hui Chinese.
In Malaysia, communication barriers are easily overcome as a majority of the nation is capable of speaking Malay and/or English, and cultural differences are integrated into each culture, producing a uniquely Malaysian experience. “The Malaysian way” is to celebrate all festive celebrations, each tradition, and use slangs from the other races together, thus breaking down the cultural barrier. It is hard to find a country as culturally diverse as Malaysia around the globe. Us Malaysians are very lucky to be born in such a great country, where we are able to have Nasi Lemak for breakfast, Biryani for lunch and Char Koay Teow for dinner. Despite having cultural differences, we are able to coexist peacefully, with only a petty conflict here and there which can normally be resolved over a cup of iced Milo.
Inter-ethnic Divisions Another issue that reflects the lack of national identity in Malaysia is the inter-ethnic divisions in the country. During the colonial rule, the different ethnic groups were segregated by occupations, with the Malays in agriculture, Chinese in commerce and Indians in plantation (Stockwell, 1982). This colonial arrangement allowed for the formation of strong ethnic communities but at the same time made distinctions between the different ethnic groups. After colonial rule, the Malays with affirmative policy gained many rights and priorities in the country. The Chinese, due to their occupational designations, had some economic power.
Among the three races, the Malay population is the largest. The people in Malaysia lived in harmony in relation with each other, in business, in marriage, and even sharing food amongst themselves in someone’s wedding dinner or “kenduri”. The Malaysian flag also known as the “Jalur Gemilang” consist of 14 stripes which represents 14 states in Malaysia, the colours are red (courage), yellow (royalty), white (honesty and integrity), and blue (unity and harmony of the people). National anthem: Negaraku (My country) I believe that it is possible to have harmony with diversity. In the world in which we are living today, and it is rightly called the global village?We cannot imagine having harmony without diversity.
Each group practice its respective religion, lifestyles, cultures, customs, ideologies and language. This multiracial society lives next to each other, but parted in one political unit. However, a division of jobs according to race or ethnicities had existed. 2. Process of forming a multiracial society in Malaysia There was more than 90% of the population in the Peninsular of Malaysia and Singapore were Malays in the early 19th century.
In Singapore’s multiracial society where multiple cultural and ethnic identities are present, how does the Malay community strengthen its community identity? Community identity a being part of a person’s knowledge of themselves that concerns his or her membership in a certain community (Taylor, Peplau & Sears, 2002). One of the places that the Malay community can visit to strengthen their community is the Malay Heritage Centre. The Malay Heritage Centre (MHC) was set up in 2005 by the National Heritage Board to act as a significant cultural and historical landmark in Singapore (Museum Roundtable, 2016). The MHC showcases a vast collection of artefacts that have strong Malay influence.
This greatness goes beyond the enjoyment of eating a well-cooked meal. Sharing of a meal with family and friends is a symbol of harmony and unity. The flavor and the endless varieties of cuisine in Malaysia will be to unravel the story of Malaysian culture. The appreciation for food in Malaysia goes beyond appreciating the endless varieties of food offered by the various cultures which make up Multicultural Malaysia. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a website to show the greatest multicultural food in Malaysia that consists of Chinese, Indian and Malay.