The Influence Of Intelligence

1498 Words6 Pages
People often associate intelligence with success, but in reality, intelligence is not necessarily the determining factor factor. Intelligence is a societal value that should not be considered. The novel Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, Gladwell strives to change the way that society perceives success, by introducing that success is not defined by intelligence, and that it is defined by opportunities that people have. Through his work, it is shown that success is characterized by one’s surroundings and their external influences. Ultimately, a new view on intelligence must be adopted, providing people more opportunity in their lives to be successful. To start, Gladwell strives to change society’s view of intelligence by placing emphasis on the fact…show more content…
For example Gates walked to the University of Washington every single day at midnight, just to practice coding. Many people are surrounded by opportunities, and do not realize it. If one takes the opportunities that they are given to progress and learn, they will be significantly more successful than those that are only intelligent. Within today’s society, there is far too much emphasis placed on intelligence, and too little on opportunity. Universities focus almost solely on grades, and students are often overly concerned with marks. Gladwell brings to light a concept of opportunity, and the true reason why successful people are successful. The story of Bill Gates demonstrates that there is more to success than intelligence and that with hard work and diligence, there are opportunities for everyone to become successful. Continuing, the daily life of children can demonstrate how opportunities positively affect their learning, and their future. Ultimately, there is more than just intelligence than success, and there are plenty of opportunities for everyone to succeed. By comparing “The heavily scheduled middle-class child…show more content…
Ultimately, a new view on intelligence should be adopted, providing more people opportunity in their lives to be successful. IQ is a term that is often associated with intelligence and success, but in reality, there is no correlation. When “[Lewis] Terman came out with his fourth volume of Genetic Studies of Genius, the word ‘genius’ had all but vanished. ‘We have seen,’ Terman concluded, with more than a touch of disappointment, ‘that intellect and achievement are far from correlated.’”(Gladwell 90). Lewis Terman was a scientist who lead a study of the correlation between IQ and success. He gathered a large group of children possessing an average IQ of 140 to 200. After studying this group of kids throughout their entire life, he concluded that there is almost no correlation between IQ and success. Furthermore, two kids that were tested and rejected who went on to become Nobel Laureates, whereas not a single one of his “Termites” were. Ultimately, this shows that there is more to success then just intelligence. Through Gladwell’s work, there is a basis of understanding that success is not just intelligence. The fact that there is no correlation between success and IQ shows that there is something else that pertains to success. Gladwell shows that there are other factors that many people have already that are more important than IQ. To continue IQ does not pertain to success, rather one's surroundings
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