In the story "Outliers", Malcolm Gladwell uses a series of experiments and logical reasoning to clarify that practice determines the success of one's destiny. "In fact, by the age of twenty, the elite performers had each totaled ten thousand hours of practice. By contrast the merely good students had totaled eight thousand hours" (Gladwell 12). The experiment showed that the students that excelled had practiced a lot more than the merely good proving more practice determines success. In addition, the studies found from the experiment reveal that there were no "naturals" with the innate talent to be an elite performer.
Traditional ideas suggested that men are superior at analytical thinking, so are better critical thinkers. Scientifically speaking, however, the issue of gender differences in CT has remained an area of controversy among researchers. Some studies reject gender differences on CT measures and some are in favor of the influential role of gender differences in CT skill. For instance, Kuhn 's (1992) findings revealed that argumentative thinking does not differ with sex. Semeric (2010) also reported that the relationships between gender and subdimentions of CT were almost zero.
“Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.” (Stephen Hawking). Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is a book written about the life and adventure of young boy named Huckleberry Finn (Huck) and his companion, Jim. Though Huck has hardly any education, there is no denying that he is very intelligent. Huck’s companion, Jim, has no education, however you can still see his sharp logic, quick wit, and deep wisdom. Though today many believe that education is what makes a person intelligent and successful, Mark Twain does a great job showing that even though Jim and Huck do not have high levels of education they both show high level thinking.
However, those who do believe in artificial superintelligence, have no general consensus on the timeframe of this happening. On the left hand, artificial superintelligence may allow humanity to grow and expand at a pace never thought of before. While on the right hand, this makes us question the safety of humanity if machines are artificially superintelligent. Being all the more intellectual than humans, it’s ever so possible that AI beings may turn from ally to enemy, as sci-fi as that sounds. Anyhow, the benefits of the left would definitely outweigh the disadvantages of the right hand.
In the quote, " The emerging picture from such studies is that 10,000 hours of practice is required to achieve the level of mastery associated with being a world class expert"(Page 12, paragraph 3), it shows that innate talent does exist, but this opposes what is being stated in, "The Sports Gene." Gladwell proves that after much research has been done, none of the musicians were naturals just by their genetic abilities in the following quote, "The striking thing about Gladwell's study was that him and his colleagues couldn’t find any "naturals" or musicians who were naturally good without practice. "(Page 12, paragraph 5) This proves that it takes practice for any person to get at such an advanced level in whatever sport or skill they
Many people believe that fate is determined by natural ability, while others believe that one's destiny is determined by themselves. So, innate talent or preparation? Authors David Epstein and Malcolm Gladwell have opposing views on this topic. David Epstein, the author of The Sports Gene, says that natural ability is linked to success, rather than preparation and training. However, Malcolm Gladwell, author of Outliers: The Story of Success, concludes that achievement is the result of preparation and not just innate talent.
Many people received talent from nature, but other people must intensively work for achieve something. “You are not born Geo or investor or chess grandmaster’’- Geoffrey Colvin. If someone has a natural gift, this does not mean that talented people do not have to work hard to be prosperous. To begin with, from my point of view, talent does not play a serious role in life. “Genius is 1% talent and 99% percent hard work- Albert Einstein.
By its own sense, education should provide the learners way to adapt, to survive and to live their lives on earth based on the righteous principles. The world is keep growing and developing. Surely education basically should have followed the changing route of the world. Jean Piaget believed that education should create a generation that capable of creating new things, not simply repeating the previous generation. In 21st century, the development has been grown rapidly from many aspects such as technology and information.
Each teacher has their advantages and disadvantages but the teacher that is the best is the teacher that has a certain charisma or ability to draw students into learning. Some people say that even if the teacher has a great charisma or ability to draw students into learning that the teacher is pointless. In one’s academic career they will have at least one teacher that will be very strict and require much discipline. He will say things like he “is the smartest person you will ever meet” and brag out his intelligence in his subject in which he is teaching. He will make students work hard for good grades and helps create amazing study habits for difficult classes.
Commonly, it was thought that high self-esteem was caused by academic performance, although it was also often mistaken as the other way around. Numerous studies have already shown positive correlation between the two, however, correlations alone does not imply causation. Even among experts, there is a considerable disagreement as to which come first–academic achievement or self-esteem. According to Priyadharshini and Relton, it does appear that the relationship between self-esteem and academic performance is bidirectional i. e. self-esteem and academic achievement influence each other (2014). Although on the other hand, given the circumstance where other researchers insert other factors associated with achievement, that association minimizes.