At the start of his article, Zapf starts by discussing social work and the role that spirituality and religion have has in the profession. Spoiler alert, it is practically a nonexistent relationship between those two topics and social work or other mainly government ran helping professions. He goes on to explain the western view of spirituality and how that is actually hurting professions such as social work. In the efforts to respect people’s right of the separation of church and state, spirituality was affected as well. A huge misconception of spirituality is that it is the same thing as religion, when in fact it is something separate.
As Mohammad Ali Jinnah once said: “Religion is merely a matter between man and God.” According to Hassan Nisar a popular critic who often critiques various political parties and systems, he believes that our system is like an engine or a machine, and a machine is always secular. Hindus, Christians, Jews, and other religions all are a part of our community and one religion cannot be the prime focus of our laws and legislation. Social Context: MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT People might not realize but media and secularism are interlinked. Media comprises of groups, individuals, websites, TV channels and other forms, that have the job to convey information to people. The media has the power to alter the ideologies and mindsets of the masses.
The novel reflects this theme as Irving states, “Watch out for people who call themselves religious; make sure you know what they mean - make sure they know what they mean” (Irving 504). This quotation highlights different trivial religions. There are always differences between beliefs and individuals, even if they belong to the exact same branch of Christianity. When John thinks about Owen’s time on earth, he begins to wonder that God would not have let his own child die so young. This leads to other questions such as why Owen knew everything that he knew, and why he had such faith in a God that eventually let him die so young.
In a similar fashion, what is emphasized here as Greene’s existential bias, may be regarded by some as religious bias. Religion is not simply a detached observation of rituals for its own sake. Rather it is a way of life. It always stands in need of existential verification in the lived life of man. On the other hand, through the dual need of handing it down, religion produces schools of thoughts and bodies of beliefs which lead in different directions from man’s concrete existence.
‘Dynamism’ is the medieval view that God is the driving, animating force within all matter. However in the modern day, dynamism is an almost nonexistent view of God and the world. Religion and the soul are now matters of faith and faith only, not the matters of reality. This view of Christianity was built upon a major progression in human thinking - individualism. For a good part of human history (especially the medieval times), people counted on authority and tradition to decide their beliefs, views, and morals; Religion being a hugely-focused on truth in society.
Social Norms in comparison to Honest Morality of Huck Finn Nelson Mandela once said, “No one is born hating another person because of the color of shin, or his background or his religion. People learn to hate, and if they learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than opposite.” Nelson Mandela criticizes society by saying that it is the society’s own fault that people are being discriminated and not strong enough to speak up for their thoughts. He also says that it is possible for society to change but it takes brave challenges to realise it. In the novel the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck escapes society and civilization by fleeing onto the Mississippi river with a slave who becomes his best friend over this adventure in which Huck learns a lot about racism and human behaviors. In the novel, Mark Twain demonstrates
This quote highlights the interdependence of politics and religion, as power is divided between “political credentials” which are qualifications that the king has and “ritual commission” which are qualifications marabouts have, in order to for a village to function both have to work together, therefore stressing on the fact that any important decisions or political decision the king has to make, has to be approved by the marabout. The reign of Mandinka kings have always been tied to religion, because rituals and other practices help in the assumption of power. In Mandinka cosmology, power is perceived not as a process, but as an entity to be stockpiled until enough is gained to enable the processor to exercise social and political control over others. The stockpiling process is accomplished religiously, among other ways, through occult practices, such as conjuring and the preparation and wearing of amulets and talismans. (“Mandinka”) This selection depicts power as objects that are gained and amassed in order to attain a certain power level that allows to rule over people, but the process of “stockpiling” can only happen through religious practices such as “conjuring”.
Religion, much like most of the conceptual world, is a construct-- brought into existence solely for the purpose of supplying an immediate meaning and understanding in the slightest to create some kind of consultation from the crisis of our existence. It freely shapes the morality of people and society by establishing a primal institution of what we are and aren 't supposed to do, and thus paves way for a rather compliant and impressionable public. This concept of religion is explored by Kurt Vonnegut in his novel the "Cat 's Cradle," where he creates a milieu where the only thing society has is faith and trust in a false pretense. In this post-apocalyptic novel, Vonnegut discusses the greatness that lies within the flaw of man-made
Scholars like Stengers feel that if God exists and can interact with the physical world, then his actions should be observable, testable, and be falsified. He conclude that God and science are completely separate. Religion and Science Religion and science are imparted to an individual through socialization agents such as family, schools, peers, and the media (Schafer, 2014). The family play an integral role in the social development of a person. It is here that people get their initial religious orientation, as parents and the older members of the family influence and teach the young about religion.
Durkheim attempted to recognize the social role and origin of religion and how it related to societal companionship and like-mindedness. Durkheim also had an interest in recognizing similarities in other religions believing they might have a common foundation. Durkheim’s defined religion as, “A unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden -- beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them,” (Durkheim E., 1995) In his definition Durkheim does not mention God, and asserts the idea of supernatural is fairly new and connected to the growth of science. Durkheim suggests that there are religions lacking the significance of a God, like Buddhism which base their beliefs on the Four Noble Truths. “we are left with the following three concepts: the sacred (the ideas that cannot be properly explained, inspire awe and are considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion), the beliefs