It can be seen that both nations evaluate their colonists as those who neglect and divest their most fundamental rights. With these fundamental principles, the two declarations reasons in contrasting ways. Western reasoning is based on Cartesianism, which means that it stresses careful analysis and logic when arguing. The U.S Declaration of Independence elaborates on the specific conditions to institute new government, and by showing that the specific conditions are met in their status quo, the Declaration efficiently justifies its declaration. Although not all Korean
Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China, had great ideologies and plans for China. He was ambitious in wanting the People’s Republic to become a world super power and was eager to make create a nation with pride. He was a socialist and that creating a socialist country that was different from the former Nationalist regime was crucial. However, Mao had many inner struggles. Many of Mao’s thoughts were contradicting, and he had many struggles between which ideologies he should emphasis on.
The founder of Mohism was Mozi, better known to his adherents as “Master Mo.” He was greatly revered and obeyed by his peers and followers for his philosophical insight. Philosophers have argued in depth about whether Mozi or Confucius, should be considered the father of philosophy because they both brought something beneficial to Chinese philosophy. Confucius brought the idea of harmony occurring only when each person has proper behavior in their family and society, while Mozi enforced the ideas of morality: being judged by consequences and that people’s actions can only be right if they benefit the majority. Meaning if a person, does good in their life that benefited them personally, even if their action is good, it will be called wrong or incorrect,
Ancient China was the center of the ancient world because they saw themselves as the middle kingdom. Influence of 2 ancient Chinese dynasties, the Qin dynasty and the Han dynasty, was astounding, as they made new innovations and techniques in their government. Their success was largely due to access to immense amounts of resources and innovative technologies that both dynasties used to have leverage civilizations nearby, and use for trade on the silk road. Quality of life for people living under the Qin dynasty wasn’t as good as compared to people living under Han rule. The Qin dynasty adopted Legalism as the dominant source of control over the people they ruled over while the Han dynasty adopted Confucianism to give merit or family connections.
As the Cold War intensified after nationwide liberation, Koreans experienced the ideological and political conflicts and subsequently these experiences created a strong anti-communist Korea. Initially, the Reagan administration did not pressure Korea to democratize, choosing build a relationship with the focus on the common support of anti-communist governments, both authoritarian and democratic. As a result, Reagan developed a sense of trust with Chun Doo Hwan . Subsequently Reagan’s administration began to place greater emphasis universal democracy, leading to a greater urge for the Korean government to amend their constitution . These pressures were both public and private.
When faced with 19th-century European colonialism, Japan fared the best compared to India and the Congo. The reasons behind European colonization was Industry and social darwinism. Social darwinism is the belief that certain groups of people were genetically predisposed to specific jobs and tasks. Through the theory, Europeans came to believe that because of their predisposition they had the right to rule over others, which is also known as imperialism. Imperialism can be defined as “the takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation to dominate the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation.” Moreover, since social darwinism supported imperialism, it, therefore, justified racism.
The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty respectively. However, these three ideologies differ from each other in many dimensions, including the first premise on human nature, the view on law versus morality, and the philosophy of government. Legalism, the state ideology of Qin Dynasty, sought the best way to build a power central government and emphasized on the importance of law over ethical morality.
Secondly, the Principle of Nationalism shapes Chinese’s national awareness instead of subjectives of kings and members of a patriarchal clan. “In the ‘old’ empires and kingdoms, each subject relates to the sovereign (king). In nation-states, each subject relates to the other ‘horizontally”(Bram). Although Sun was not the first person who proposed the nationalism in China, his virtuous propaganda made national awareness be entrenched in Chinese people’s minds. Before the popularized of the Principle of nationalism, most Chinese regarded themselves as the subjects of the Qing Dynasty.
Even though some people criticize that the invention of Korean alphabet has resulted most of the Koreans unable to understand the official documents and historical records that are written in Chinese before the 1400s, the research shows that the invention of Hangul has brought cultural and intellectual independence to Korea, because it instigated changes to the existing hierarchical system, served as means of resistance to Japanese colonial government, and was used as a tool for true Korean literature and brought higher level of education and literacy to all citizens. It is needless to say that the original motivation for King Sejong to invent Hangul was to benefit his subjects. In Hunmin Jeongeum, King Sejong noted that “國之語音 異乎中國 與文字 不相流通,”
This secondary source authored by Eva Huang, John Benson and Ying Zhu reports on the importance of education on China traditionally, socially, and politically. The role of education development and the competition for limited spots in schools and jobs have on society. The obsession with education in government policies and how it lead to a national development strategy. The authors assert that the development of the Chinese education system is good for China’s changing economy by boosting the growth of the educational workforce. This is a useful article to have read for my research because it helps the reader to get to know how China’s education system works because of the detail it goes into when describing how the various groups get impacted by education.