Thirteen months after his King James birth his mother was forced to abdicate the throne under pressure from Scottish lords who had defeated her in batter, and James lords who had defeated her in hather, she was imprisoned for 19 years. King James
She was very well-educated (fluent in six languages) and she is known for her intelligence, shrewdness and determination. Her 45-year reign is one of the most glorious. She lay down in the 39 Articles of 1563, a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. She is criticized as autocratic and capricious but she was also appreciated for her astute political judgment and chose her ministers well. Arts flourished at her kingdom- the first performance of Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ took place then.
But she was not only loved for her beauty, she was loved for the connection she was able to make with the people. Princess Diana took a new approach as a royal. She sought out to be a liberal royal. A princess that understood the lives and difficulties of the people below her. She was frowned upon for this by her fellow royals but she became the people princess.
“Henry’s VIII’s relationship with the pope soon disintegrated when he tried to have his marriage with Catherine of Aragon annulled” (Kinsella 225). Henry then broke away with the Catholic Church and the Church of England was established. “Henry has five wives after Catherine of Aragon, they were Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleve, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr” (Kinsella 225). Jane Seymour bore King Henry VIII’s only son, Edward VI. Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth I in 1533, two years before she was executed.
It was only a matter of time for them to meet which they did on July 3, 1754. It began when the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI died and his daughter Maria Theresa. She became Queen of Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia and Archduchess of Austria. Frederick the Great of Prussia questioned her inheritance which of course insulted her. He cited Salic Law of Succession which excluded women from succession to the throne according to France rule.
Queen Elizabeth I By Louisa Tojner Introduction Queen Elizabeth I was the beloved and powerful Queen of England in the 16th century. She ruled for 44 years, from 1558 until her death in 1603. Under the reign of Elizabeth the golden age occurred, a time where art flourished and the country grew into something great. Elizabeth also strongly supported artist like William Shakespeare. She often visited the theater, loving comedy, and dramatic plays.
She revived and strictly applied the harsh rules against heresy and killed nearly 300 protestants during her reign. Although her fellow monarchs sought to rule men's earthly existence, Mary wanted nothing less than dominion over their souls through forced conversions and swift executions. Long before Mary’s reign,
In fact, it is said that they resented each other. Mary I took the throne in 1553, and almost immediately began persecuting Protestants in an attempt to undo the split between the Church of England and Rome. This put Elizabeth in danger, as she was a Protestant herself. After evading converting to Catholicism, Elizabeth was eventually arrested in 1554, after having been accused of being aware of the Wyatt Rebellion. With no proof to validate executing her, Mary had her imprisoned in the Tower of London, where she would stay for 8 weeks until she was sentenced to house arrest.
William IV, King of the United Kingdom and Hanover, died on June 20, 1837, at the age of 72. Victoria became the new queen because he and his older brothers had no legal male and female offspring. In the morning of June 21, she was woken up by her mother. She told Victoria that William Howley (The Archbishop of Canterbury) and Lord Conyngham had come to speak to her. Lord Conyngham told Victoria that her uncle, William IV, had died and that she was going to be the new Queen.
A Golden Time: The Elizabethan Period of the Renaissance During the years 1558 to 1603, the age of the Renaissance had reached its peak. Many art forms bloomed and flourished, as did the trade and the economy. But this is mainly for England, the place from whence the Elizabethan period, the literary height of the Renaissance, had begun. The Elizabethan period began as the reign of the daughter of Henry VIII, Elizabeth I began as well. However this era wasn’t named because of Elizabeth I herself, although she had done many notable things while she ruled including pouring money into London’s arts scene, building the city’s first theatres, and sponsoring productions.