It is believed that this and many other disagreements in ideology eventually led Hitler to invade Russia to show how Nazism and the Aryan race were superior to communism and the baltic race. To interpretation one can say that this pact was merely a ticking time bomb preventing the inevitable to happen but other historians say that it was the interest of resources and the greed of power that caused the breaking the pact. Before the invasion of Russia, Germany was using vast amounts of resources like oil to feed their war machine that needed immenses amounts of fuel. Germany was using oil at an alarming rate and needed to find other sources of oil before it ran out and being that Russia had an abundance of oil coming from the caucasus fields near the eastern front, it made hitler's decision to invade Russia and take over the fields convenient, likewise Hitler had the means to break the pact in order to acquire the other half of Poland in his quest to unite all of the German speaking regions of Europe, this would not only increased his influence but it wouldve made him acquire resources like oil that were present on that
Iron cuter was the phrase coined by Churchill during his speech in Webster university US. The phrase meant the division between two blocks and fear of communist sprees in western Europe as he said in his speech "an attempt is being mad by Russian Berlin to build up a communist part in their zone. So this will cause a serious difficult in Britain and American" . He started his speech by praising US as he said " the US at the time pinnacle of world power". He continues to warn the world about the existence fear escalating over western Europe.
The American people were willing to use arm forces if that meant stopping the spread of communism. Other than arm forces, the American people were willing to give economic and military aid to those countries who faced threats of communism (76). About 80 percent of American people favored the aid to stop communist aggression (76). The Cold War consensus had influenced foreign policy during that time. Foreign Policy would be focused on the Soviet Union and the containment of communism.
Three reasons why opposing nations should have used collective security is because if Hitler were appeased, then he would continue to imperialise other nations. Secondly, collective security would have been used to stop the growth of power of Adolf Hitler, especially the size of his empire. Lastly, a civil revolution could be created inside of Hitler 's central source of power, Germany, only if force was taken. If nations continued to appease Adolf Hitler while he grew to power, he would continue to imperialise more and more nations. There wouldn’t be anything or anybody to stop him, so why should he stop taking over more land to grow his power.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
This article says that Germany “became a creature of the Communist-capitalist conflict”. This description is stating that Germany represented what was going on in the rest of the world during the Cold War. Even before the Wall was built, there was a prominent divide in Germany. The Western Powers did express their concern however none of them were willing to go to war to prevent division in Germany. SOURCE C (UNITED AND DIVIDED: GERMANY SINCE 1990) The typical East German’s complaints after WW2 were rooted in the rumours about West Germany.
The Weimar Republic was established in 1919 and was a democratic state to replace imperialism because the Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany had to become a democratic country. The Weimar Republic was significantly weak due to hyperinflation, the economic collapse, the Treaty of Versailles, and other issues that were present during that time. The Weimar Republic faced chaos and violence with the Communist uprising and the Kapp Putsch. The Kapp Putsch, which took place in March 1920, was a threat to the new government and was assisted by General Luttwitz who led a group of Freikorps men (Kapp Putsch). They were against Friedrich Ebert’s beliefs about the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles.
From the very beginning, Hitler and the Nazi Party had very clear ideas and objectives. They had two main aims, and in order to expand and dominate the diplomatic stage in Europe, they had to achieve these aims. Firstly, Hitler followed a revisionist policy, which was to ignore and end the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty severely limited Germany’s power, with territory loss and the creation of the Polish Corridor. Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds.
Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine. While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817).
Beginning the end of Communist East Germany. Gorbachev brought the end of the wall when he instituted the several policies that were meant to motivate economic reform. Such as the glasnost earlier mentioned, which gave the Soviet citizens a chance to voice their dissatisfaction with the government. His reforms were meant for another goal, but Gorbachev had set the motion of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Sinatra Doctrine, one of the first factors leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall, was meant to establish that the Soviet leadership had decided to let all countries even including its Warsaw Pact allies determine their own form of government.