The Influence Of The Berlin Blockade

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The Cold War lasted for a total of 45 years. This period of hostility short of open war between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted from 1946 until 1991, according to the National Museum of American History.“A sphere of influence is a metaphorical region of political influences surrounding a country. When a country falls into another's "sphere of influence" that country frequently becomes subsidiary to the more powerful one, operating as a satellite country or de facto colony.” (The Free Dictionary, Sphere of influence). Both the U.S and the USSR where huge super powers in the time of the cold war, but they both had to take extreme measures in order to protect and expand their sphere of influence, This lead to such events as the Berlin…show more content…
America and Russia had different Aims for Germany. Stalin wanted to destroy Germany, and was stripping East Germany of its wealth. Britain and America wanted to rebuild Germany’s industry in January 1947, they joined their two zones together into Bizonia. This had a big impact on both Sides sphere of influence because the USSR’s way of protecting their sphere of influence is to make Russia more powerful, by stripping Germany from their industrial resources, they are leaving Germany helpless while Russia can expand its industrial dominance. But when America interfered with the USSR’s plans they tried to help Germany by occupying Western Germany, this helped America’s sphere of influence because not only did they have control over germany, but they were able to convert West Germany to become a democratic country. On 31 March 1948, Congress voted for Marshall Aid. Stalin saw this as an attempt to undermine Russian influence in eastern Europe. The Russians started stopping and searching all road and rail traffic into Berlin. Finally, on 23 June Britain and America introduced a new currency into Bizonia. The next day Russian stopped all road and rail traffic into Berlin. The Americans thought Stalin was trying to force them out of Berlin. Stalin claimed the new currency was an…show more content…
The First reason was to boost the Soviet Union's power, threatening the U.S. with nuclear attack from the Caribbean and the second reason was to bolster the Soviet Union's Bargaining position in its attempts to force West Berlin to join East Germany. Russia was a communist country and had a goal to expand communism throughout central Europe, but the U.S was a democratic country and the goal of the U.S was to stop the spread of communism. So the USSR had to take action, after the fall of Fulgencio Batista and the rise of Fidel Castro’s campaign for Cuba to be a communist country, they became allies and with the help of Cuba, the USSR were able to transport Middle-ranged Ballistic Missiles for an all out attack on the US. But American actions perhaps suggested a way out for Khrushchev. In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets. With both sides well armed and ready to strike, America realised that they would be in an all out nuclear war against Russia, this must be avoided for this would escalate the war making it a hot war. After both Kennedy and the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had a long negotiation, an agreement was reached between Kennedy and Khrushchev. Publicly, the Soviets would disarm their Ballistic missiles in Cuba and return

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