French tradition and King Louis XIV’s absolute monarchy are foremost influencers of Lully’s tragedie-lyrique. Lully’s Armide exemplifies these influences in the arias, recitatives, and the overture. The controversies emanate from Jean-Baptiste Lully’s French opera Armide in comparison to the Italian opera practices of the Baroque period. Opera Practice in Italy and France By the middle of the seventeenth
I. Introduction How do Bizet and Tchaikovsky adhere to the traditional elements of folksong in their nationalistic music for orchestra? During the 19th century, music had changed in style, that they broke the form and freely composed the music that we call it romantic era. The music in Romantic era has large difference from the strict classical era, it became more expressive and use wide range of emotions. It expanded the orchestra, providing the depth on timbre.
In this chapter I will focus on Italian Romantic opera and Verdi`s romantic impulses during his career. During the second half of eighteenth century, opera remained the most important musical form of public musical entertainment. European opera houses and their audience has been under the spell of Italian opera that, despite all barriers of culture and language, dominated European stages except in France. This state of affairs was perpetuated well into the nineteenth century and two distinctive
The Romantic period has brought many influences and changes to the world. Many famous composers, artists and writers are from the Romantic period. Programmatic music, which is when the title of the piece provided the basic idea of the music, became very popular during the Romantic period. The Romantic period has surely been one of the significant eras. The Romantic period lasted from 1750 to 1870, and this era began in Britain.
“Generally speaking, leadership of Western culture belonged to France during the later Middle Ages, then to Italy during the Renaissance. Music is an exception to this general account. While later medieval music was indeed led by France, Renaissance music was led by three regions, consecutively: Burgundy, then the Low Countries, then Italy.”- “Western Music”, Britannica encyclopedia, 2010 Summary To conclude my report, I would like to summarize my points. It can be seen that broadly polyphony had been developed thoroughly in the Renaissance period. Although the initial development of polyphony started in the medieval times most of the changes and moderations were made during the renaissance period.
In 1847, Cavour was involved in the founding of "Il Risorgimento", a newspaper whose publication had been facilitated by a relaxation of censorship, which became the official voice for the Italian National Movement, similar to that of Mazzini. This shows that Cavour was trying to promote the idea of Italian Unification. Cavour became Prime Minister of Piedmont in 1852, allowing him to have political power and the ear of the king, Victor Emmanuel II. Cavour was a very strategic man, and used his relationship with the King to help unify Italy. His first big role in international affairs was following the Crimean War.
This paper is a critical review on the life and achievements of Giuseppe Maria Garibaldi. A military and political figure of the 19th century or as the Italians call him ‘father of the fatherland.’ This paper will analyze how he went from being a typical sailor to one of the key figures in the unification of Italy. Interpretations from historians will vary, from an Italian’s perspective to a British perspective criticizing Giuseppe Garibaldi which will result in a final judgement from both these interpretations. To conclude, I will be giving my own judgement to see whether in fact, Garibaldi was the man, Italians claim to be. Born Giuseppe Maria Garibaldi on July 4 1807 in Nice, France to Giovanni Domenico Garibaldi and Maria Rosa Nicoletta Raimondo.
Ruggero Leoncavallo is an italian opera who has composed several works of art. Pagliacci is an Italian opera with two acts, containing music and libretto by Leoncavallo. Pagliacci is the last Leoncavallo opera that is still performed throughout the world. Pagliacci translates to The Clowns and was published in 1892, as a two act performance. I thought it was a brilliant show because it was based off of a true story.
Theatrical productions that led to the rise of the musical are as follow: • BALLAD OPERA & OPERETTA Ballad operas and operettas both share qualities found in traditional opera. Just like the opera, these genres are both sung in an operatic style. The ballad opera originated in England around the eighteenth century, and developed to become a type of comic opera. It typically featured farcical plots and light-hearted music that was mainly confined to ballads and folk songs that were interspersed with spoken dialogue. The Beggar 's Opera is an example of a ballad opera.
Palladian Architecture Andrea Palladio, who was originally named Andrea di Pietro della Gondola is considered to be the greatest architect of northern Italy during the 16th-century. Palladio was born November 30, 1508 in Padua, Republic of Venice and passed away August of 1580 in Vicenza. During his time, this Italian architect was influenced greatly by Roman and Greek architecture which led him to design both palaces and villas, the most notable villa being Villa Rotonda. Palladio’s architecture influenced the minds of other designers and was used in modeling a villa found on the outskirts of London, the Chiswick House. Located just on the outskirts of Vicenza lies Palladio’s best-known country house, the Villa Rotonda.