William Novak presents an argument on how the history of American government has been told upside-down for many years now. Novak depicts a mighty American state, capable of a great deal and responsible for some of the most important narratives in American history. However, there were many people, of whom had great interest in the founding fathers, were irritated by Novak’s argument.
When the colonists were still with Great Britain, King George III misused his power. As a result, colonists wrote the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, to the king, to state their separation from Great Britain, to form a new country, the United States of America. After creating a new country, Americans wrote the Articles of Confederation in the year 1777, which they purposely weakened central government, so the abuse of power, wouldn’t exist. This meant the states had all the power. Although this structure of government seemed great, the creators of the Articles quickly realized that with no central government, states weren’t united because they were busy on increasing the growth of only their state. To fix the Articles of Confederation,
When the United States of America began to fight the Revolutionary War in 1775, they would need a governing body to run the new country. However, seeing as they had just escaped from a tyrannical government under England, the Articles of Confederation gave the states a very large amount of power so that they would not have the same problem again. However, although this government gave many states what they wanted, it was not strong enough to run a country. So, when writing a new Constitution the founding fathers gave more power to the federal government than the states because of the former government.
After the Unites States declared Independence from Great Britain in 1776, they greatly feared a strong national government that would be like a monarchy like the one Great Britain had. To prevent this tyrannical government from happening in the U.S., a convention of delegates from all thirteen states were brought together to create the U.S.’s first written constitution: the Articles of Confederation. This convention was called the Continental Congress. The Articles of Confederation focused on having a federal government, or a loose alliance of the states. The Articles of Confederation had a very weak central government so the rights of the people would be secure. The Articles of Confederation was ratified by
After the American Revolution, the colonies needed to reconstruct a new, fresh government. America, however, was extremely restrictive with giving the central government any forms of power after the hardships the colonies faced being under the British government and Parliament. The colonies did not want to undergo another period of unfair taxation and regulated systems. Thus, America’s first government, The Articles of Confederation, gave the central government immensely few granted powers. After an eight year period, the majority of America knew that they needed a new form of government. The thirteen sovereign United States of America and the American population shifted support from a weak central government under the Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation was the first successful effort of organizing the colonies of the United States. Prior to its establishment, all American activities that were rebellious to England were viewed in the same way that terrorism is viewed today. These rebel activities acted independently of a sovereign authority. As a result, the revolutionary forces in the United States couldn’t leverage or seek the assistance of other foreign governments., leaving them tactically and diplomatically weak against its British foe
After the American Revolution, the newly formed United States of America was substantially unstable as there was increasing economic and social unrest. The first written documents of constitutional authority were generally weak and ineffective. As a result, there was unrest among the colonists, and this created the urge for a newly reformed government system. The proclaimed Founding Fathers took action and put forward what they thought would be the best remedy to the new nation. Some call the Founding Fathers “democratic reformers”, however, this opinion is overall misguided and uninformed, as the Constitution and the actions taken by the Founding Fathers did not represent the majority of the people in the new nation. Therefore, the Founding
Government, the foundation of any civilization, defines both the life of its citizens as well as a tone of the country. Cicero, a roman politician and philosopher, wrote The Republic and The Laws shortly before the fall of the roman empire, which contained proposals to help fix the crumbling empire and outline justice within a democratic government. The Preamble to the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution, unlike cicero's works, were written at the genesis of the United States. They, too, however, outline the basis for a just society, founded on written law, as opposed to its natural existence. Cicero’s The Republic and The Laws outlines many aspects of modern government, many of which the Preamble of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution meet, and some of which they fall short of!
The Revolutionary War just ended in America, freeing the colonists from the tight grasp Britain held on them. But the ideal revolution hadn’t ended yet. The colonists still had to establish a system of government that emphasized republicanism and democracy at the same time. They wanted a government structure that would prevent the abuse of their authority because they’ve experienced corruption from the hands of King George III. Hence, the Articles of Confederation were adopted. It solely limited the government's power and increased individual State power. States became more independent, allowing them to regulate currency and taxes. The authority given to the states, the ordinances, and the economy established under the Articles of Confederation
The novel “Founding Brothers” is written by Joseph J. Ellis, an American history professor at Mount Holyoke College. Ellis is a nationally recognized scholar of American history from colonial times through the early periods of the Republic. Furthermore, Ellis is the author of seven books and is also a recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for his book Founding Brothers. Having read the book Founding Brothers it is found Ellis educates his readers on numerous critical issues while exploring many evocative refrains related to the creation of the United States and also the important individuals involved in helping deliver this nation. During the 1970’s, Ellis emphasizes that this is the most decisive period in our nation’s history, which contains the greatest leaders of their generation. In addition, Ellis concentrates on the eight most prominent political leaders in the early republic. They are, Abigail and John Adams, Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington. Consequently, these founders arose together to define the New Republic and direct its passage for the pending centuries.
The Articles of Confederation was the first written constitution of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. The Articles created a weak central government because of the fear that too much centralized political power would jeopardize liberty. It stated that the new national government be a “perpetual union.” The Articles formed a loose confederation of sovereign states. The central government could make treaties and alliances, keep up armed forces, and coin money but lacked the ability to levy taxes and regulate commerce. Another weakness was that without a president to enforce the laws or interpret them, the major decisions required the approval of nine states rather than a simple majority.
The Articles of Confederation was the first Constitution for the states as a whole (each state had their own by this time), but it was written in a manner that assigned duties, but not so much as to give sweeping power and risk a totalitarian government. Under the Articles
What is a good person, and how does one achieve the good life? These were the questions asked by the ancient Greeks. Arete, or excellence, was what the Greeks strove for in everything. In a quest for excellence, the Greeks experimented with new types of politics. Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy.
In this essay, I would like to answer and discuss the following questions: How did the people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders? How were two city-states similar in their governmental structures and how did they differ with each other?