The International Relations Theory Of Liberalism

1017 Words5 Pages
The African Union (AU) promotes a philosophy of “finding African solutions for African problems”. This is a key founding principle to ensure unity amongst the members of the African continent. As part of its objectives the African Union identifies promoting peace, security and stability on the African continent as a primary objective. I will discuss this objective and the establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) as an organ to help achieve this objective. I will discuss how this objective relates to the International Relations theory of Liberalism and justify the importance of finding African solutions for African problems below. Liberalism is a key theory in international relations, it argues that human beings act in their own self-interest but also act rationally and consider the interests of others (Steans, et al., 2010). This rational behavior opens the door to collective interests among people. This argument coincides with the goal of unity amongst Africans that the AU strives for. Another argument in liberalism suggests that due to the collective interests of people, it may be deduced that humans have no interest in engaging in wars or conflict. This assumption of Liberalism aligns with promoting peace. It is evident that the promotion of peace and unity is a key factor in both liberalism and the AU. Peace keeping and the function thereof has been entrusted by the AU to their Peace and Security Council. The PSC has the responsibility to “prevent, manage
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