This hybrid discourse can be conceptualized using Edward Said’s notion of the “contrapuntal”. As the adjective “contrapuntal” implies, the literary journalist discourse exhibits a counterpoint among diverse stories that “play off one another, with only a provisional privilege being given
To show the manifestation of the theory of literary journalism in practice, Mailer’s text, The Armies of the Night, is analyzed. The purpose of analyzing Mailer’s text is to show how the emerging genre effectively creates a third space in-between the well- established genres of fiction and non-fiction. This paper proposes three tropes of literary journalism: the intertextual, the self-reflexive, and the autobiographical. On proposing these tropes of literary journalism, this paper mainly attempts to connect the critical discussion to Mailer’s Armies with its explicit and implicit reflection on the
265] and to the stratification of discourses in a narrative. Bakhtin’s theory considers that the meaning in a polyphonic novel is generated through the layering of the multiple perspectives of characters and thus through the juxtaposition of several ideologies and belief-systems unlike the ‘homophonic’ or monologic novel that delivers a narrative from a single point of view. Dialogism on the other hand consists of the functioning of polyphony. In other words, it means the interaction of the multiple voices and perspectives in a text and their mutual influence on one another.
A novel is a tool employed by the author to explore and teach the reader about certain subjects. Differences between the intended topics of indirect discussion inform the tone, atmosphere, content, and characters of the novel. Thus, novels that discuss coming of age have very different settings and subjects that novels that want to discuss war and violence. Even within the same genre, the author’s chosen topics of discussion dictate differences between characters, style, and setting. Noir is one of the best genres to observe these shifts in because it is characterized by a certain style and character design so that any deviation from the norm is glaring.
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of The Study Literature is one of the interesting subjects to be studied. A person or an author could express their feelings by literature. There are some definitions of Literature that could make the readers easily to understand about literature. According to Klarer (2004:1) that in most cases, literature is referred to as the entirety of written expression, with the restriction that not every written document can be categorized as literature in the more exact sense of the word. The definitions, therefore, usually include additional adjectives such as aesthetic or artistic to distinguish literary works from texts such as newspapers, scientific textbooks, magazines, legal documents, brochures, and so on.
After having studied and working on the different values of Italo Calvino in The Six Memos for the Next Millenium, I thought about one other value which was absent in Calvino 's book and which is important in literature, for me. It is the imaginary in literature, and more precisely the Imaginative literature with the fantastic. Firstly, the imaginary is a large value linked to many terms as the illusion, the fantasy, the marvelous and the fantastic. Imaginary can play an important role in literature because it corresponds to Imaginary literatures that are a set of literary styles which have in common the fact to develop the narrative in a physical and social world built entirely by their author. It gathers different genres as the science fiction, fantasy and fantastic that are recognized as literatures of the imagination.
WESSEX AND MALGUDI: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THOMAS HARDY AND R.K.NARAYAN AS REGIONAL NOVELISTS A novel is a fictional write up as per the thoughts of the author to describe the happenings of that particular period. It has no boundaries and much depends on the psychology of the readers. A novel may not have any introduction and can start up with a scenario and goes on its continuation. A novel owns its existence to a man’s interest in other men in the great panorama of human passion and action. The drama and the novel are compounded of the same element but drama the literary elements is bound with facts and logics.
Unity in diversity and bring not only«different versions of postmodernism but also post-structuralism into a harmonious whole or as manifestations of the same basic principle. The term postmodernism is often appl.ed to the literature and art after World War-II (1939-45). Many of the works of postmodern literature of Jorge XAs Borges, Samual Beckett, Vaidimir Nabokov, Thomas Pynchdp. Ronald Barthes and many others ... so blend literary geners, culture and stylistic level, the serious, the playful, that they resist classification according to traditional literary lubrics. American Professor of Literature, Ihab Hassan (b.
Like many postmodern novels of today, it problematizes the relationship between fiction and reality, and delineates the role of language in our attempts to construct our own realities. She has realized that though the really important aspects of life defy verbalization, there seems to be a genuine relationship between the process of fictionalization through words and our own attempts to organize personal experiences through
Literary translation helps these different cultures reach a compromise. Literary translations in particular help these different nations reach a universal culture on a common ground. Hassan (2011) notes that literary translation is a type of translation which is distinguished from translation in general. A literary translation must reflect the imaginative, intellectual and intuitive writing of the author. (p.12).