The Industrial Revolution was an increase in machinery that helped to produce goods within the textile industry. It started in England in the 1700’s. Beginning in the middle of the eighteenth century, machines did this and other jobs as well. It also greatly improved farming methods. The Industrial Revolution began because England is abundant in natural resources, people left to that area for jobs, and inventions made it easier to perform those jobs.
It contrasted with its competitors due to unique qualities that came from engineering challenges. Fg 1 : Over London – By Rail During the 18th Century, Britain was going through major expansions as there were concerns around morals, environment, and technology. London was growing in population as it reputation as the “commercial capital of the world” grew as well with its “national self-confidence”. Railway and transportation boomed as the locomotives were the fast way of transportation.
Railroads played a huge role in the Industrial revolution, such as transporting goods or people (Corrick, 65). Being able to get necessities and humans across a large area of land was very crucial. It allowed needed goods to get from one location to another very fast. It also gave people a faster way to get to areas that needed new workers (Peterson,1). Locomotives also played a role in the Industrial Revolution.
During the 1800’s in America, the population grew very rapidly. There was especially a large number of immigrants from Europe. As the population and cities grew bigger so did the middle class. As the middle class grew the people in the upper middle class wanted to be able to have more privileges. There was also a lot of advances during this time.
The popularization of urbanization and the development of labor-productive technology during this time allowed for large corporations to erect to produce desired goods for the rest of the population. With these corporations in desperate need of a source of production, the opportunity rose for sweatshops to make a breakthrough; as a result, employment moved off of the farms and to the upgrading cities as the economy shifted from an agricultural focus towards a more industrial focus (Pugatch). The most prevalent industry to utilize the surging sweatshops was the textile industry specifically in England, New England, and New York (Pugatch). The highly sought textiles around the world helped lead the rise of free trade and globalization, supporting the ascendancy of sweatshops in countries to produce more and higher quality products than competing countries. In these sweatshops, the “sweating system” was emerged and originally referred to the relationship between the manufacturers, subcontractors, and laborers, naturally forming a business hierarchy (“Sweatshops in Urban American History”).
The period after the civil war saw the United States of America economy transform to become a national economy and an industrial giant. The already existing industries quickly expanded and new ones emerged including steel manufacturing, electrical power, and petroleum refining. This period saw the rapid expansion of the railroad network which would subsequently connect even the remote parts of the country into the national economic grid essentially transforming the regional markets into a national economy. Following the economic expansion, the American society was greatly transformed creating a new crop of wealthy individuals and a dynamic middle class. Additionally, there was a vast expansion of blue collar job opportunities which quickly
The 2nd Industrial Revolution had a substantial impact on the world, especially with all the groundbreaking innovations that came out of this period. The technological advances of this time period are so significant that they usually dominate discussions on the importance of the 2nd Industrial Revolution and its consequences. However, despite all that was done for technology, the 2nd Industrial Revolution played a crucial role both socially and politically. The improvement of the public health system and the spread of urbanization, which led to a rise in the working class; as well as a new political party formation, are just a few examples of the social and political impact the 2nd Industrial revolution had on European society.
The Clock’s Impact The invention of the clock helped to bring a massive change not only in America but other countries around the world. However, it was not until the Industrial Revolution that they began to receive popularity due to its efficiency in being able to tell when the steam train would arrive. In class, we talked about the influence trains had on time and how it impacted people to direct their schedule according to the change in time rather than looking up to the sun.
The industrial revolution was a time period in the early 1900s when many new inventions and innovations came about and changed society forever. industrialization had a positive impact on society because steel, automobiles, and the light bulb were obtained. These were all beneficial inventions and innovations that helped people in their daily lives, and are still used in the modern world. The steel industry grew because of Andrew Carnegie’s new invention, the Bessemer process.
Trains helped and worked in various ways during the 1800’s. Railroads were helping the economy surge forward. As the system grew, farmers and manufacturers could ship goods further. Railroads tied the communities together and helped cities grow.
During the period of 1870 to 1900 large corporations, such as the railway company, grew significantly in size, number, and influence. The cause of this was the need for a new way of transportation, the demand was great so the railways expanded all over the United States so that they could meet these demands. These large corporations affected the economy by making it easier to pay for everyday chores, politics in the way that it gave politicians too much power but in doing so gave normal limited power. The corporations had great power and influence which made them a huge impact to society.
Before the American Civil War, both the Northerners and Southerners states were making economic advances. The railway allowed for the formation of a communication system that was national. The availability of railroads made the settlements of the western states easier. Immigration had a steady increasing rate and economy was booming for the North. They also discovered mineral resources that boosted the iron and textile industries of the North.
During this time, population greatly increased around the world due to the improvements in technology, medicine, as well as the spread of crops after the Columbian Exchange. Population increase and urbanization led to the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Britain was the perfect place for the birth of the Industrial Revolution for it had raw materials (iron, coal), a stable government, and was close to water. In a matter of years, the Industrial Revolution had spread around the world to places such as Germany, Russia, Japan, and the United States, creating trade focused on manufacturing goods such as cotton textiles, and lead to the inventions of the railroad, steam engine, telegraph, and steamboat. Trade among the Atlantic Basin was no longer focused on cash crops and agricultural products, but shifted to new technologies and manufactured products created because of the Industrial Revolution, with Latin America as an exception, for it did not become
As the United States grew in size, the more the people needed a more efficient way to transport goods. Common people needed to be able to move through the states of America. Common people also needed a way to sell their goods to others. The first type of travel through the states was by road.