Multiple factors led to the start of the French and Indian War. A power struggle was already occurring, and Britain and France were already enemies. Colonists were aligned with their respective countries, and Native Americans were caught in the middle of European expansion. Natives were more apt to be allied with the French due to their trading economy, but both sides had Native American allies depending on the circumstances. 1 “To safeguard their lands west of the mountains, Native Americans played off one European power against another.”
In Southern New England, on Narragansett Bay the Wampanoag Native Americans settlements were starting to grow. “Metacom,” a local chief whom the British called “King Philip,” had led British attacks to nearby communities in Southern New England. Other Native peoples such as the Alonquian, Nipmucks, and Narragansettes had also joined King Philips forces. There are various reports and inferences of the causes of the present Indian war. Christianizing what the English had called “Heathens,” was something that the early English Civilizations tried to do before putting laws in place against the Indians.
The French and Indian War was a war between the French, Canadians, and their Native American allies against the British and the American settlers over border control and territories in North America from 1754-1763. The war was brought on when the French Canadians had created Fort Duquesne, without consulting the British or Americans, in modern day Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and this land was British land. Disputes over land began to escalate, and forts were being built to keep the enemy out of the other people’s lands. Canadians and their Native American allies attacked the British and Americans in Pennsylvania and New York. Many of the British armies retaliated against the Native Americans by attacking their villages.
The Native Americans had no choice but to play the French and British against each other. By the time of the French and Indian War, they were not just playing the French against the British for goods and guns. (1) It became necessary for the survival of their culture, and the natives were concerned with the vast amounts of land being claimed and settled by the British. The French and Indians were more likely to be allies, although the British did have Native American allies.
Cause & Effect Sentences Resources and Gaining Power Since both the French and British wanted to control North America 's resources to gain more power, thus they had frequent conflicts and issues which even led to war Fort Du Quesne Due to the fact that the French had built Fort Du Quesne in a very strategic location, it resulted in the British attacking the fort as they wanted control over it. Ohio Valley Conflict As a result of the British trying to establish settlements in Ohio Valley, the French attacked the British and burned their homes down. Mercantilism Since the French and British were both trying to gain more power and wealth, the British
Competition over resources among European societies led to trade and conflict. One such conflict was the French and Indian War. Both the British and the French wanted to control the land, and its resources, located in the Ohio River Valley. The British tried to control Native American trade and gain more land by taking over French forts in the Ohio River Valley. Eventually, the French were kicked out of continental North America when the British won.
Specifically, Austria and Spain were both still formidable powers and traditional alliance theory would predict some emergence of balancing alliances in the new system. However, a careful look at the details of the alliance formation and actions taken by the allies shows that this balance of power explanation is insufficient. The terms of the creation of the alliance were focused largely on the internal policies of the two nations, and included a stipulation that France destroy one of its ports which had been in use by factions trying to overthrow the British crown. These stipulations do not make sense in an alliance oriented toward an external threat. Additionally, over the course of the alliance, the two nations were constantly at odds with each other, and experienced very different outcomes, with Britain accomplishing its (mostly diplomatic) goals and France loosing much of its influence on the continent.
The article by Gilles Havard “Protection” and “Unequal Alliance” The French Conception of Sovereignty over Indians in New France, begins by highlighting the relationship struggles between the colonists from Old France and the Indigenous Indian settlers. Moreover, it describes the intentions of the French monarch to naturalize the natives and convert them through the knowledge of faith (Havard, 2013). However, as it is later discovered in the article, that conformity of the natives through strict rule would be deemed unnecessary. In fact the French lead rhetoric of colonization in New France was strategically motivated, in order to, gain allegiance with the native population against the British Empire. France transitioned its sovereign power in the region as it became clear that “the colony would need a greater number of troops to impress more respect and more fear upon the savages” (Havard, 2013).
This material makes references in Chapter 4 when it is going to talk about the French and Indian War. In Europe this is known as the Seven years’ War; however, both named mean the same thing. The rivalry between Britain and French are too famous that they made an imperial showdown. This was a Global war, and both side have allies from the Indian tribes. The spark of the war start when they dispute the colonist in the Ohio River Valley.
The Glorious Revolution was when Mary and her husband William of Orange took the throne from James II in 1688. Sometimes it was called the Bloodless Revolution, although there was loss of life and fighting in Ireland and Scotland. This happened because tension ran deep between the parliament and king and restoration did not settle the fundamental questions of power between them. Then to regain fiscal autonomy and overthrow the Parliament, Charles II signed the Treaty of Dover with Louis XIV in 1671. The parliament was still unable to gain the upper hand and the solution became clear, Mary Stuart and her husband William of Orange.
The trail of Tears in 1838 and 1839, as a part of Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy, the Cherokee was forced to give up their land that were east of the Mississippi and they were too migrate to present-day Oklahoma. The Trail of Tears began during the 1830’s. The reason the Trail of Tears took place was because of the enforcement of the Treaty of New Echota. The Treaty of New Echota was an agreement that was signed under the provisions of the Indian Removal Act. The Trail of Tears was a big event that happened.
The French and Indian War ended in 1763, resulting in a British victory and British control of all previously French land, besides Louisiana, in North America. However, the British government was in massive debt following the war, and could not pay off the debt without procuring more funds from their citizens. This debt and future misunderstanding of specifically the colonists of the thirteen colonies is what led to the aforementioned colonists to desire independence. The British controlled much more besides the thirteen colonies.
Politics in the Iroquois League mostly influenced today’s political system. Various nations(tribal) leaders (about 50) that met once a year to settle disputes,create customs, and create laws. This type of government was created by the Cayuga, Oneida, Mohawk, Onondaga, and Seneca nations. In this system, women had the most power. They could overrule any council decision and could remove any council member whenever they wanted to.
History has been impacted by many choices made by high authorities throughout the world. In the United States, geographic factors influenced the government decision to make the Louisiana Purchase and pass the Proclamation of 1763. These decisions both benefitted and hindered the U.S. The Proclamation of 1763 was a conflicting time, despite the actions initially being thought of as a betterment for the U.S.
Colonies supplied raw materials unavailable in England, providing a healthy market for English manufactured goods. England adopted mercantilism and Parliament passed four types of regulations to increase national wealth, including enumerated products, the Navigation Act of 1651, and the Molasses Act in 1733. The colonial economy expanded twice as fast as England's and by the 1760s, £4 million worth of English manufactured goods were imported into the colonies annually. Colonial cities grew, and many colonists worked at trades directly related to overseas commerce. However, in the eighteenth century, the gap between the rich and the poor widened.