Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayuga, and the Senecas, and later the Tuscarora) that congealed together to form a political confederacy. Before the arrival of the Europeans in the late 15th century, the Native American groups fought against one another frequently. They were caught in a perpetual and never-ending cycle of wars of retribution. This confederacy was created to maintain peace between all five nations and to be aligned against foreign invasions. Becoming one of the most powerful Native American groups in the northeast, the confederacy relied on a council of sachems instead of a chiefdom system. The goals of the Iroquois Confederacy were: to keep lasting peace between
During the French and Britain‘s conflicts, the Iroquois Confederacy consisted of six nations: the Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Tuscarora. Although, I’m sure all of these nations have interesting backgrounds, I’ve decided to find out more about the Cayuga nation. The Cayuga nation has a very interesting culture, which includes the food they eat and the religion they’ve chosen to practice.
The French were looking to expand their land at a place called the Ohio River Valley, so they would have more land for their people. The French threatened to take the land the British had already claimed. Numerous battles broke out between them, which lead to a war. William Pitt, the new British leader, managed to get more colonies to fight for the British. Britain's power grew significantly in numbers of soldiers, thus making the British a rising empire. The war was fought for seven years before a peace treaty was signed in 1763 causing the war to end. The death toll was over 11,000 on each side in this
The French and Indian War, or the Seven Years War, began in 1754, as a result of conflict over territory and trade in North America. As both countries conquered the new land, letting their civilians settle there as colonists with the sole purpose of providing money for their homeland, they encountered the Ohio Valley; land that was assured to contribute to each of their imperialist motives. During the war where French troops allied with the native Americans against Britain, the laws given to the British colonies were left unmonitored, and the colonists evaded the strict taxation and rules against trading with other countries. However, when the war ended in 1763, resulting in a British victory, Britain was left a multitude of problems. This included the great national debt of approximately 122 million British pounds. Thus, they began to focus on how the colonists would contribute to pay off that debt. By
The war was known as The Seven Years ' War to the British but to the Americans it was called The French and Indian War, it was the bloodiest American war in the 18th century taking more lives than the American Revolution. Spreading across and involving three continents which included much of Europe, the Caribbean and India. The war was sparked by a clash between the English and French over colonial territory and wealth. “The land- variously claimed by Virginians, Pennsylvanians and the French-was actually inhabited by more than a dozen Indian tribes.” (pg 130) Each side wanted to increase their land holdings which resulted in building tensions between the British and French in America.
One league from the ancient times and one union from the 1900s are the very reason for this informational essay. People wonder and ponder on the choice to join or not to join… the Iroquois League and the European Union, and then there are the questions of why was it created, how did it get created, and what happened? And to answer these questions we need to compare and contrast the Iroquois League and the European Union.
The French and Indian War occurred mainly on American soil in the 18th century. In the war, British American and New France fought, with heavy involvement from Native American allies, over regions in the New World, such as the Ohio River Valley. Britain ultimately won the war after capturing the city of Quebec. As a result of the war, the Treaty of Paris was signed, leading to France losing all most its North American possessions east of the Mississippi. France was also required to hand over French Louisiana to Spain. Since France lost almost all of its territorial claims in the western hemisphere, Great Britain’s position as the dominant power in North America was confirmed. After the Treaty of Paris was signed, King George III officiated the Proclamation of 1763, which blocked the colonists from expanded westward. The proclamation gave the British total power over American land. Britain gained the territory of New France and French Canada. The French and Indian War placed Britain into a large debt, which Britain dealt with by heavily taxing the colonists. As stated by Jessie Palmer, “The French and Indian War was very essential to the American Revolution because the war debt was the reason that Parliament started imposing taxes on the colonists in the first place” (Palmer). These taxes made the colonists resent the crown. France’s role prior battles
Pontiac’s Rebellion, also known as the Pontiac War, broke out in the Ohio River Valley from 1763 to 1766. The British were fighting in this war along with the Native Indian tribes that lived within an area controlled by New France before their defeat in the French Indian War, which is known as the Pays d’en haut meaning the upper country. In 1763, Chief Pontiac led a rebellion of multiple tribes of the upper country against the British. In the Summer of 1763, Chief Pontiac launched attacks on the British in which left only Fort Pitt and Detroit in British hands. In 1766, Chief Pontiac agreed to peace terms sealing the end of Pontiac’s Rebellion. The Shawnee and other Native Indian tribes went to war with the British because distrust and hostilities grew within the populations between the indigenous of the region and the British. Colonialism also became a major cause in the war that was created.
The Mohawk Indians were part of the Iroquois confederacy. They spoke similar languages to other tribes part of the confederacy. Their economy was based on trading goods between tribes and to the Europeans. They were settled near the Mohawk river and the Hudson. After coming in contact with the Europeans, they became one of the wealthiest tribes in the confederacy. Guns and ammunition were traded but had dire consequences from the diseases that were spread along the tribe such as smallpox.
The Dutch gave an influential tide to both the Natives and the French colonists because they created Fort Orange along the Hudson River, the Dutch saw the French as enemy`s, because they had better supplies like weapons and tools to gain better alliances and trading partners. The French and Iroquois who knew that they would lose their Dutch suppliers to the northern tribes who had better fur pelts. Hoping that with war the Dutch and northern tribes would remain separated, the French and Iroquois decided not to make
In the middle of the 18th century, Britain and France were at war against each other. Both the British and the French wished to extend their colonies in North America into the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains. Britain’s purpose of this expansion was to gain more territory and power, whereas the French were pursuing trade with the Native Americans that lived in that part of the country. After seven years of fighting, Britain had won the war, and Treaty of Paris of 1763 officially resolved the French and Indian War. Despite the immense amount of land that Britain attained in the aftermath of this war, they were in severe debt because the French and Indian War was unbearably expensive. As a result, Britain decided to tax their colonists
The French and Indian war (1754-63) resulted in political, economic and ideological relations between British and its American colonies.
Before Europeans even knew of the Americas there were Indians. The Indians had diverse cultures and conflicts with each other. There were hundreds of different groups of Indians. Most hated each other and killed each other. Some sought to get beyond murder and cannibalism. Deganawida was one such man. He sought for peace among Indians. He helped found the Iroquois confederacy through his desire for peace. He did this with the help of a Onandaga who was living among Mohawk Indians named Hiawatha. The Iroquois were also known as the Five Nations. It became known as the six nations after the Tuscarora joined in 1722. The Iroquois Confederacy was in New York closer to the Great Lakes. Deganawida and the Iroquois had an significant impact on tribal relations in
The French and Indian War altered the relations of the American Colonies and Britain through political, economic, and geographical issues.
The French and Indian war was the final colonial war and it to place from 1689 to 1763. It was the last of four American wars. This war altered the political, economic, and ideological relations between British and the French. During this time each country fought for control of the continent with the help of the Native Americans and colonial allies. Britain and American colonies were defeated even though Britain had already won all the land (Document 1).