Baltimore is a city that is highly segregated based on race and income, and thus food deserts are a widespread public health concern in the city. To carry out this project, I conducted an extensive literature review, and employed archival research methods and surveys. I also explored feasible solutions for the food desert problem in Baltimore. My research findings demonstrated that the literacy level of an individual played a major role in whether a person was impacted by a food desert. There is a high probability of an individual having a higher income if they have at least a college degree, which in turn suggests they do not live in a food
Food deserts are areas, urban or rural, lacking access to full-service supermarkets or fresh fruits or vegetables. Urban food desert is a “symptom of disinvestment, spatial concentration of poverty, and institutional racism (Blumberg, 2015).” Processes that lead to the creation of food desert is the U.S cities include: low income, low access, and low quality. Individuals with low incomes are likely to live in an area where nutritious foods are scarce. They are least likely to afford a lot, or if any, of fresh produce. Businesses go where the money flows.
As a public health professional, it is disturbing that low socioeconomic status plays a role in poor health. Both poverty and poor health are related and can be the result of social, political, and economic injustices. The connection is a rancorous, self-perpetuating cycle where poverty causes poor health and poor health keeps communities in poverty. This cycle is difficult to break, but the consequences are extreme (Amini, 2016). Individuals living in poverty have an amplified chance of becoming ill due to nutritional aspects, deficiency in clean water, overpopulation, absence in education, and lack of access to healthcare.
Rhetorical Analysis of “Attention Whole Foods Shoppers” In “Attention Whole Foods Shoppers” by Robert Paarlberg, the main emphasis in the article is that there is a struggle to feed people, particularly in South Africa and Asia due to economic and population issues. His focus is on the lack of involvement of countries around the world that do have food. Throughout the article, Paarlberg talks about how organic agriculture is not going to feed the world and exposes myths about organic food and industrial scale food. By challenging common assumptions and being ethical he effectively claims that the solution to solving these global hunger problems is foreign assistance. Paarlberg shows Pathos, Ethos and Logos through the thought of unravelling worldwide starvation by being realistic of the view on pre-industrial food and farming.
In its most extreme form, poverty is a lack of basic human needs such as adequate and nutritious food, clothing, housing, clean water and health services. According to the United Nations Development Report, , “poverty is defined as a complex phenomenon that generally refers to inadequacy of resources and deprivation of choices that would enable people to enjoy a decent living conditions.” According to Amartya Sen, the 1998 Nobel laureate in economics, argues that the “capability to function” is what matters for status as a poor or nonpoor. As Sen put it, “economic growth cannot be sensibly treated as an end in itself. Development has to be more concerned with enhancing the lives we lead and the freedoms we enjoy.” This argument by Sen, underscores that although economic growth is good but cannot be regarded as development. Development has to affect the lives of the
6.2 Unemployment According to Swanepoel (2016:7) unemployment is regarded as a source and effect of poverty in which people suffers from. It is a source because no job, no income. In addition, poor people cannot afford decent houses, nutritious food, medical aid and sending children to decent schools. Unemployment is the effect of poverty because weakness is caused by eating unhealthy food, poor housing and lack of access to education stop people from getting jobs. Unemployment is the effect of isolation.
According to Northoff (2007), nutrition is critical for a healthy and active life, but many people around the world still have no access to sufficient and nutritious food because of poverty and lack of nutrition education. Moreover, Riddle (2005) stresses that nutrition education is a key for developing the skills and motivation needed to eat well, and is especially important in situations where families have limited resources. The benefits of nutrition education and counselling can directly influence nutritional status, consequently, helping in attaining the millennium development goal (MDG) to reduce the prevalence of hunger and malnutrition (Garcia, 2008). In a recent preliminary study conducted by ENDESA in 2007, the way in which the mother’s educational level influenced malnutrition was observed. Statistics reveal that 15.4 percent of children of mothers with no education suffered from chronic malnutrition, while 9.4 percent and 4.7 percent in children of mothers with secondary or higher education levels respectively (Acevedo & Menendez, 2006).
Poverty can be measured in the health, food, healthcare, clean drinking water and security. It is generally recognized that poverty is when people can not achieve a standard of living that is common in their society. Thus, we understand that the meaning of being poor is different between different communities and countries on earth. Poverty looks different depending on who you are and where you live. Such as ones sex, age, ethnic background, religion, environment, and which country you come from determines the conditions.
She ignored that disparities are all connected, such that living in a poor neighborhood typically leads to a poor education, then to a very low level job, and that then inherently lowers their health outcomes (Massey and Denton, 1993). System-wide race discrimination manages to conceal the causes of disparities within subsystems while amplifying their effects (Reskin,
What is poverty? One of my favorite definitions of poverty is ‘the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions”(Merriam,2011),but if I could define poverty myself I think poverty is also the lack of resources to fulfill a person’s basic needs such as food,clean water,warmth and shelter.Poverty is categorized into three basic types which includes absolute poverty,relative poverty and social exclusion.In this case,the first definition refers more to relative poverty and that is being poor in relation to the others living in the same society, therefore if you’re considered poor in the UK,you might not be considered poor in Venezuela because the standards of poverty or poverty line differentiates
Diet and obesity are major contributors to health inconsistency, with the most deprived being most at risk. This is due to the poorest living in run-down areas with no reasonably priced nutritional food available from local shops. If they are unable to afford the costs of travelling to areas supplying this, or if they are time poor then cooking beneficial meals is difficult then they are more likely to buy cheap, fatty products. The involvement of the government in the population’s lifestyle means that they should be accountable for the effects that come alongside an unhealthy regime, such as an increase in health problems such as Coronary heart disease. This means that the treatment an individual receives shouldn’t be approached differently
As the Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health states on page 327, socioeconomic status or “SES”, neighborhood residential conditions and location, and medical care are important contributors to racial differences in disease to healthcare ratio, as well as other factors such as income, education, and occupation (Williams, 2005). One can see why they are these are “getting under the skin”, the Pima and Tohono O’odham Indians of southern Arizona were not educated on health food and live in poverty. The person (or people) of color making out of the ghetto or city, only to move back, because there are no programs set forward for them. Basically everything they did, was getting under their skin, and killing
With no grocery stores or fresh markets around, their choices are limited to fast, low-quality take out or pre-packaged foods void of any nutritious value. Increasing access to whole, fresh foods is a major step in combatting the growing obesity and health crisis in these neighborhoods. People cannot eat food they do not have access to and Wal-Mart is taking the first steps to change this. Proof of success is seen from, “The Center for Disease Control and Prevention which credits…a greater variety of fresh produce in low-income neighborhoods for a drop in obesity rates among preschoolers” (Brady 520). However,
According to Stacy Mitchell, a senior researcher with the institute for Local Self-Reliance states,"This is a company that everywhere it goes it creates poverty. (McCauley)" This can proven due to the state of the employees that work there. It is shown that the employees that work there hardly earn minimum wage, even while working full time. Wal-Mart even encourages their employees to take advantage of social programs such as food stamps(Copeland). People believe that working can get them out of poverty and in return get them out of social programs from the government, but the employees at Wal-Mart are instead being pushed into these programs, and in return are contradicting all the values and beliefs of the American Dream such as self-reliance and