It ended slavery in the United States. The next was the Fourteenth Amendment. It said all persons born or naturalized in the United States were citizens of the United States and of the state in which they lived. It said no state could limit the rights of these citizens. Finally, there was Fifteenth Amendment.
After the Union won the Civil War, slaves were given freedom, but African Americans were not completely free. President Andrew Johnson had very lenient policies for Reconstruction after the Civil War, which allowed southerners from the Confederate states to enact restrictive laws against blacks. These laws were called “Black Codes”, and were primarily designed to restrict African Americans’ labor and activity even though slavery had already been abolished. The Black Codes took away rights from African Americans that were guaranteed to them by the Fourteenth Amendment. For example, some states had laws that required African Americans to sign labor contracts each year and if they refused, they could be arrested, fined, or forced to work without pay.
Truth is this article is an eye opener that slavery is still alive today and its conditions live through the jails and other laws that were set in place to whole blacks back in the 20th century such ass voting rights and working rights for African American women as well as white women. Jim crow laws are one of the examples he gave in the article that still enslave us. Slave conditions as if they were still present in the twentieth century. Proven facts that the civil rights movement wasn’t one hundred percent successful. While 71% of whites believe that blacks are responsible for their own misfortune, and 53% of blacks believe it also.
In 1877, when the Reconstruction era ended, inequality and injustice towards black people was present more than ever. The 14th Amendment granted blacks the American citizenship and an equal protection in front of the law, whereas the Civil Rights Act of 1875 granted also protection in public places such as theaters, hotels, or restaurants. Unfortunately, after the Civil Rights Cases in 1883, the Supreme Court outlawed that equal protection does only apply from governmental infringement. Private Citizens like railroad conductors can argue that they are acting according to the State’s law. The case Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) is a good example in which the Supreme Court “upheld a Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad cars” (Boyer 609).
civil rights dates back to 1857 when the Supreme Court ruled to deny the Dred Scott the citizenship and constitutional rights to all black people. It had far reaching effects such legally establishing the black race as "subordinate, inferior beings. Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Lincoln freed slaves. Then there was another amendment in 1865 which abolished slavery and reprieve among the slaves. However the southern states managed to reset the slavery era codes making it hard for the blacks to live, work of be part of any activity in the society.
The Civil war has finally ended and the time for reconstruction is here. The African American slaves of the United States are now free from their despicable owners and there is nothing but opportunity ahead. The 13th, 14th and 15th amendment were passed by congress to ensure equality for former slaves. Slavery has now been abolished, former male slaves now have the right to vote, and also that states could not prohibit citizens from voting based on the color of their skin. All is good in the country and African Americans will finally be looked at as first-class citizens.
While Reconstruction after the Civil War seemed to have promise for former slaves, there were still many hardships. President Andrew Johnson’s leniency with the south during this decisive period allowed for there to be debate over what the fate of freed slaves should be. Some believed that continuing to work in the fields they were once slaves in was the best option for blacks because of their past as field workers, while others believed that there were more options for blacks than just farm work as seen in the schools built in the south for the black population by the Freedman’s Bureau. However, the question still remained as to what freedom for blacks truly meant. People’s opinions on what freedom for ex-slaves needed to be depended exclusively on their race and their socioeconomic status.
The founding fathers of the United States built America on the ideals of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness, and this applied to each and every person living in the country- not only to a specific racial group. Slavery was abolished with the defeat of the Southern Confederacy in the Civil War, leading to the Era of Reconstruction, in which the primary focus was to reunite the nation and promote of rights of former slaves. Africans Americans were not as free as Whites during this period. Although African Americans were free individuals during the reconstruction period, they did not have complete freedom as their rights were extremely limited due to mistreatment from punishment, segregation, and racism by white supremacists. The rights
It continued to pass nineteen more laws from then until 1955: six educational laws with the sole purpose to separate colored children from the white children in all school houses, four marriage laws restricting any and all interracial marriages, three railroad laws that required cars meant for only blacks and another for only whites, two that required separate public facilities and services, and finally one that segregated street cars (Tennessee). These laws undoubtedly prove that although african americans were “free” in America they were still slaves in a way. The Jim Crow Laws were a very illusive and mocking way of imprisoning the African Americans, they may have been free but they still weren’t allowed to make decisions by themselves. The Jim Crow Laws gave the impression of equality and freedom but how can someone be
America will in the future, be a multiracial society and blacks will be equal to whites. More black people will get important positons in different industries, and there will be less unemployed blacks. But there will always be racists. Some people will always see things the old-fashioned way. For example when there were election for the president, some stats showed that racial hatred were a big reason people opposed Barack Obama.