Knowledge Argument against Physicalism Physicalism is a branch of philosophy which states that everything in this world is physical. There is nothing like non-physical. Physical facts are the truth in this world. Physicalism is also called ‘materialistic monism’. Monism is a singular existence theory like only one substance exists in the world.
Debate According to the dictionary a pacifist is a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable. C.S. Lewis claimed not to be one in The Weight of Glory. He said that "The main contention urged as fact by Pacifists Lewis claimed that humans decide what is good and what is evil by their conscience. But, he argued that a person's conscience can be modified by argument.
I couldn’t agree more with that just imagine how many more people would of have died under the brutal oppressing force of Saddam Hussein if the United States had been unwilling to expel the invaders. War is an awful thing, its dehumanizing but unfortunately war is often necessary. Pacifism has a great intention, if the United States was pacifist, we wouldn’t be the free country we are today. It would be great if everyone was a pacifist and got along. It would be great if we could solve our problems with words.
He was grounded on the idea that life was simply not worth living and it was better for human beings to just not exist at all. Schopenhauer believed that life was simply a form of punishment and was full of suffering from beginning to end. However, his one optimistic argument, was that if individuals accepted their lives were just meant to be punishment they will be able to cope better with their lives. Schopenhauer’s argument derives from historical evidence that continues in the negative side of things. He explains that “history shows us the life of nations and finds nothing to narrate but wars and tumults; the peaceful years appear only as occasional brief pauses and interludes,” (Schopenhauer 42).
After reading, “A Critique of Utilitarianism” by Bernard Williams, answer the following questions: 1. What are Williams’ main objections to utilitarianism? Williams main objections to utilitarianism is that it points out that it may require us to do wrong. He reconciles ethical behavior with our feelings and emotional responses to moral problems. 2.
War is one of the few occurrences that have been happening on this earth, dating back to over five hundred years back. There has been a lot of reasons countries give when they are about to engage into war with another country, or start a war in their own country. There are two sides that people take when war breaks out: the militarist (especially those who believe in the just war theory) and the pacifist. The just war theory, some militarist believe in, is made up of six factors, where all of six requirements must be fulfilled to be able to declare a war. The first and most important requirement being “just cause” is when a country may declare a war only for the right reasons.