Hence, when recently convicted minors leave jail or prison, they perpetrate more felonies along with misdemeanors. This is a substantial reason for augmenting rates of juvenile convictions. With recent studies taken in 2014 and also 2015 showing that children who are sentenced as adults are up three times more likely to perpetrate a violent crime after setting off from a penal institution. Provided, some kids may not take part in any acts after leaving. All in all, this could be a reverberation of underage kids obtaining negligent role models during
The juvenile justice system in New Orleans is very complicated . Many unfair situations occur every day, the system is set up for juveniles to fail. The justice system for juveniles needs to be changed because they are put on trials as adults, they do not get the proper education that they need and it leads them to becoming real criminals. How is the juvenile “justice” system really justice towards the juveniles? Juveniles in the justice system need an alternative to incarceration because incarceration has been proven to increase criminal activity instead of providing a rehabilitation system for the juveniles.
Prior to 1899 in the United States, children who committed a criminal offense were tried and punished as adults. Children were being institutionalized with adult criminals where they were picking up negative influences preparing them for a life of crime. Progressive and social change demanded that children be protected and educated instead and therefore a separate court system for juveniles was subsequently established to address this problem. It has since being argued that juvenile courts have abandoned their role to rehabilitate juvenile delinquents and should be abolished. In an age where juvenile crime has escalated from simple truancy to more serious crimes such as mass school shootings some would agree it is time to abolish juvenile courts or modify the system at the very least.
As some sort of feedback to the harshness of the criminal law system during the 1800s was the effort to keep young lawbreakers out of institutions. The traditional role of the Probation Officer, working primarily from the office and seeing the client on a limited basis, is now shifting to include more face-to-face contact in the youth’s own environment. Over the last century, juvenile probation has enhanced the lives of many delinquents by changing their mindsets and helping them change their lives for the better. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, children who committed crimes often were imprisoned with adults. Reformers, however, criticized this practice, and houses of refuge, later called reform schools, were
This would reduce by a huge volume the number of youths who end up in jail for committing offences, whether petty or serious crimes. Such reformed youth, after being accepted back into the society, will help in economic growth. Such legislation would also shift responsibility to the older generation to dictate moral and constitutional adherence to be followed by the younger generation. This is proven by a research carried out by the Society for Investigating the Causes of the Alarming Increase of Juvenile Delinquency that found that the causes of crime were firmly rooted in the low moral condition of parents and parental neglect (Arthur, 2010). A shift of responsibility to parents would consequently result to lesser criminal prosecutions as the society will have a sound environment in which young people are raised up
Due to the judicial policies getting tougher on issues such as drug offenses and what they consider felonies, more and more people are going to prison. As of now, the United States has the highest rate of incarcerations. The inmates themselves are not only the only ones affected; 2.8 million children are left behind in the country after their parents are arrested (The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Needs and Responsive Services). Children of incarcerated parents do not really get the attention they need, leaving them to face many problems alone. These children tend to develop mental illnesses, awkward social skills, and they function very different than a child with a normal home setting.
Hence, preventing children from receiving student loans, jobs, and business license. So yes, the system does treat juvenile too much as adults because once convicted it causes huge barriers for them in the long run. Minorities come from different backgrounds, families, and particular areas. I state this because it is more difficult for children that live in gang related or high crime areas versus those living in a suburban area,
In “Startling Finds on Teenage Brain,” by Paul Thompson, the author states, “But what really caught our eye was a massive loss of brain tissue that occurs in the teenage years.” This is a very vital point when defending the mass amount of juveniles being sentenced for life. It sounds almost impossible for teenagers to make a decision and be aware of the consequences as they are losing massive amounts of brain tissue. Thompson continues to explain, “Gray matter, which brain researchers believe supports all our thinking and emotions, is purged at a rate of 1 percent to 2 percent a year during this [adolescent] period.” This discovery is helping people understand that while we are young, are brains are doing nothing but developing. This means there is no time in our teenage years where our brains are 100% developed thus explaining why the juveniles commit crimes. The fact that juvenile brains are not developed comes to prove that juveniles should not be given these harsh
It removes inmates from their roles as breadwinners, making their families poorer, and from their roles as spouses and parents. This latter effect became more important as the incarceration boom increasingly placed less serious offenders behind bars, the children of the prison generation (Hagan & Dinovitzer, 1999, p. 153). A growing number of children, probably more than 1.5 million, have a parent in prison at any one time, and probably more than 7 million children have had a parent in prison at some point during their childhood. These children are more likely to commit delinquency and to experience school related performance problems, depression and anxiety, low self-esteem and aggressiveness (Clear, 2007, p. 97). Although the exact reasons that parental imprisonment has these effects remain to be determined, a recent review concluded that the effects appear to be relatively strong, with multiple adverse outcomes (Murray & Farrington, 2008 p.186).
I see the need for law enforcement agencies keep track of fingerprints for identification purposes ,but records should be sealed from the public. There are so many outside influences and internal battles that plague children in their teens, that the teen do not entirely know himself until mid 20’s to 30’s. The struggle that society has with juveniles have been prevalent since “2270 BC, where Code of Hammurabi discussed, runaways, children who disowned their parents, and a son who cursed their father”(pg4). Juvenile delinquency will forever be an issue when you are dealing with young people, their growing bodies, and their growing minds. Most teens are fighting a battle of right from wrong and natural impulses which is the natural progression of life.