The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in the month of October, 1962 when American-Soviet relations were tested by the installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba by the Soviet Union. Many historians point to this moment in time as the closest the United States and the Soviets ever came to nuclear war. The tensions began to rise once the Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961, supported by the American government, failed to remove Fidel Castro from power in Cuba. As a result, Castro was open for the Soviet Premier Khrushchev to place troops and nuclear missiles to threaten the United States. Khrushchev considered this justifiable because of the American missiles positioned in Turkey.
All of this took place near Aramil in the Soviet Union. The objective behind, what you call a successful mission, was to intercept America’s U-2 spy aircraft, basically messing up their mission. An American U-2 spy plane is shot down while conducting espionage over the Soviet Union. The incident derailed an important summit meeting between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that was scheduled for later that month. The U-2 Incident is very significant, not just to the cold war, but to the United States of America because Nikita Khruschev wanted to wreck relations between the two countries, Eisenhower was president at the time, and Khruschev announced that he would no longer deal with the United States of America until Eisenhower was out of
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion that the CIA had financed which involved training a group of Cuban refugees to land in Cuba. The primary goal of the invasion was to get rid of the communist government led by Fidel Castro. The Outcome of the invasion was unexpected, and the invasion failed miserably. The plan failed due to last minute cancellations of airstrikes, and the lack of knowledge that Castro had ordered 20,000 troops in advance to go to the attack site; this resulted in having the Cuban Air Force dominating the sky, which did not allow the U.S army to fight back. As the invasion went on, the chance of the U.S winning decreased within every hour.
In 1952 the US got involved after Nicaragua solicited U.S. assistance to overthrow the Guatemalan leader, Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. President Truman authorized the shipment of weapons and money to anti-Arbenz groups. But, within five weeks the operation to topple Arbenz quickly fizzled when representatives loyal to the president uncovered the plot and took steps to solidify their power. Later Eisenhower sought to defend American interests abroad with an increase in funds for nuclear weapons and covert operations. After that, convinced that Arbenz threatened U.S. national security because of his alleged Communist sympathies, Eisenhower approved the first-ever clandestine military action in Latin America.
In consequence to this threatening attack of the U.S. Castro approached Khrushchev for economic and military support to stand up against Kennedy. Khrushchev and Castro thought that the Soviet missiles landing in Cuba would be the perfect recipe to get to an advantage in the war against Capitalism, and secure Socialist Cuba at the same time. In this manner, Castro and the Cubans were being defensive in their action of seeking help from the Soviet Union and merely placing nuclear missiles in Cuba; it cannot be termed to be aggression against the United States of America if it was a measure undertaken to secure a nation. It is safe to start by turning the tables and looking back to the time when the US was in the shoes of USSR. Was there anything wrong about the British becoming allies, and seeking for the help from the
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion to Cuba by the United States to try and establish a non-communist government. Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba and he wasn’t liked by the United States. President Dwight Eisenhower was the original starter of the whole plan and was carried out later by John F. Kennedy. The United States had no idea that Cuba had found out about this mission over a radio broadcast and were not prepared for such a counter. They tried their hardest to set up a successful plan, but sadly it didn’t end that way; many were captured and some killed.
After the American use of the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, the tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union grew exponentially. A weapon with so much destructive power in the hands of the enemy was justifiability seen as a huge threat to the Soviets` safety and influence. The Soviets constructed their own nuclear bomb in response during August of 1948, and began a competition began between the two nations. Each country attempted to produce forces more impressive than the other`s, leading to the creation of increasingly ruinous weaponry. The constantly stressed situation proved sensitive to any movement by either country, altered domestically or otherwise.
But russia later found out the truth as they found much of the plane had survived and they had hold of the pilot who flew it. This brang the two nations to a nuclear war. Creation of the berlin wall ( 1961 august 13th) This wall was put together dead in the night and basically stopped all the east germans from fleeing to the east side . The Cuban Missile Crisis ( October 15th 1962) This crisis was between the United nations and the Soviet union caused a major problem.The soviets began to place some weapons like bombs into cuba . Cuba then decided that they would go under quarantine which at the time was seen as an act of war.
Fidel plays a significant role in the Crisis in terms of alignment with a great power in conflict, resulting with an involvement in a conflict himself and the agreement of the placement of nuclear weapons on the Cuban soil, that triggered American anger even more than it had already been done after two failed invasion attempts. Section E – Conclusion To justify the significance of Fidel’s role in the Cuban Missile Crisis aspects such as Khrushchev’s real intentions and Kennedy’s actions must be taken into account. Knowing the lack of respect that Khrushchev had for Fidel and the amount of effort that the US put in attempting the invasion of Cuba, twice, the conclusion can be made as the Cuba was an area that was significant to the Cold War and for the two great powers to balance with each other. The amount of effort it took to solve the problem (an exchange of letters) shows that the problem wasn’t as great since it was easy to resolve. Word count: 1,529
The first force of action Kennedy decided to take on Cuba was the economic blockade. This was put in place because Cuba had just signed a trade agreement with the USSR, and Kennedy knew that the USSR having access to planting their missiles only 90 miles away from US territory could be very dangerous. “Since the 1960s, the United States has imposed an embargo against Cuba...the blockade, consists of economic sanctions against Cuba and restrictions on Cuban travel and commerce for all people and companies under US jurisdiction.” This quote is from this website. This was a very big decision that Kennedy made because Cuba and the U.S traded a lot of goods between the each other, and he knew that he would be cutting off that supply completely. A lot of people did not believe he was making the right decision, but Kennedy knew that if his judgement and thinking was corrupted by other people 's perspective than he wouldn’t be able to truly figure out what was the right