The Viet Cong were the communist regime in North Vietnam that were supported by China and the Soviet Union. The South Vietnam regime were a noncommunist regime that were primarily allied by the United States. These Vietnamese communists were a military branch of the National Liberation Front. Before the Vietnam War Vietnam was struggling to get independence from Chinese and French. The country then was under the control of the Chinese and French.
During the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South (Spector). The Vietnam War was the longest war in the United States history because it lasted for nearly twenty years. It caused the death of millions of Vietnamese and Americans. The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War. It takes place mostly in Vietnam, but also happened in Laos and Cambodia.
In 1977, Pol Pot begins a second series of purges to eliminate all communist dissidents and moderates. This time around, the executions were more widespread and affect all of Cambodia’s population not just certain groups. In 1979, North Vietnam takes over Phnom Penh forcing Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge to flee to Thailand and the People’s Republic of Kampuchea is established. Hundreds of thousands educated middle class are tortured and executed in special centers; others were starved or died from disease or exhaustion. Total death over the four years were at least 1.7 million approximately 21% of the
Clashes with Vietnam broke out in 1977 and on January 7, 1979 Vietnam invaded Cambodia, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge and installing a socialist regime comprised of Khmer Rouge defectors. The rest of the party fled west into the jungles along the Thai border, carrying out guerilla attacks against the Vietnamese. The Khmer Rouge was removed from power when communist Vietnam invaded and established a pro-Vietnamese regime in Cambodia. Many survivors fled to refugee camps in Thailand; of these, many went on to immigrate to the United States. Pol Pot led the Khmer Rouge as an insurgency until 1997
Chaos probably ran rampant among Indian villages as many of its inhabitants suffered from disease. Native American society was probably more tranquil before it suffered from disease. A specific example of how disease impacted society can be seen when it killed over half of the Inca population and killed their dictator, Huayna Capac. This caused a war of succession to start and allowed for Pizarro and his small group of soldiers to to defeat the Inca.
The Silent Holocaust: The Guatemalan Genocides Genocide is not only a murderous madness, but the thought of a political Utopia, tempting many political leaders of multi-ethnic, religious, and cultural societies throughout history. From 1978 to 1983, General Efrain Rios Montt conducted inhumane acts and brutal killings against indigenous communities in Guatemala. ‘Death squads’ were sent into communities, killing anyone with a trace of fear in order to, “Dry up the human sea in which the guerrilla fish swim,” as stated by Montt. Although rebellion support was gained from cruel acts carried out by the government, troops responded to rebellious guerilla movements with massive massacres on innocent civilians. The Guatemalan genocides were
Both of these insane dictators annihilated millions of people, even their own people for unjustified reasons. The Holocaust eradicated over six million Jews and two-thirds of the population in Europe. Under Hitler’s rule, the Jews, and other minorities were tortured, dehumanized, starved, shot, gassed, and incinerated. Pol Pot’s people were tortured just as the Jews when he targeted and killed almost a half-million Chinese for no reason. In the Holocaust, many Jews died just from the walk from one concentration camp to another.
Both the Cambodians in the Cambodian Genocide and the Jews in the novel Night were treated similarly because both victims were displaced out of their homes, overworked, mistreated, and starved. Moreover, officers of the genocides starved the victims of the Holocaust and the
Cambodian Genocide Cambodia was the site of a mass murder which occurred from 1975-1979 (Janikowski, 2006). This mass murder is known as the Cambodian Genocide because of the massive amounts of people that died. According to Janikowski (2006), “the country, which was renamed the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea, is thought to have lost between one and two million people—perhaps as much as a quarter of its total population—during the purges, mass executions, and starvation that marked the four years of Pol Pot's rule”. The Cambodian Genocide was carried out by The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot (Janikowski, 2006). Their goal was to purify the nation and extreme measures were taken to meet this goal, and many people ended up losing their lives in terrible ways.
It is known as the Second Indochina Conflict by history specialists since battling additionally occurred in Cambodia and Laos. North part of the country (Vietnam) was under the socialist government and South part of the country wasn 't. Ho Chi, the pioneer of the North part, needed to spread socialism in the entire Vietnam, joining North part of the country (Vietnam) and South area. The pioneers of the South area restricted the spread of socialism. The United States took the side of South area, getting the conflict an alternate level. Therefore, the real reasons for the Vietnam Conflict incorporate three causes.
Cambodia is a country that has been deeply affected by political warfare since the 1960s but was greatly affected by the reign of communist party known as the Khmer Rouge. Pilger, in his film Year Zero speaks to the shocking state of Cambodia after the genocide that was led by Pol Pot and his regime. The film gives an in depth understanding of the effects after the four years of the regime in rule and gives further clarification to how it impacts politics within Cambodia for decades to come. Year Zero was filmed in 1979 only three years later from when Pol Pot was named prime minister and with his regime decided that the entire country of Cambodia would go through a transformation that he would call year zero. This was a totalitarian regime
The Cambodian Genocide occurred from April 1975 until 1979 in Cambodia, a country in South East Asia, well-known for its ancient kingdoms and artefacts. The Cambodian Genocide refers to the attempt to revolutionise Cambodia’s peasant farming society in accordance to Chinese communism ideas and beliefs by Khmer Rouge part leader, Pol Pot. The Khmer is the predominant ethnic group of Cambodia, accounting for 90% of the entire population and is extremely relevant to the genocide, while the Khmer Rouge was The Communist Party of Kampuchea. During 1970, Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia was overthrown in a military coup, where lieutenant-general Lon Nol was elected as the new president of the ‘Khmer Republic. As vengeance, Sihanouk and his forces formed
“The Khmer Rouge demanded,’Where’s the gun you bought last week?’ My uncle told him the truth, ‘I didn’t buy any gun.’ The Khmer Rouge raised his M-16 rifle and shot my uncle in the chest.
In A Viet Cong Memoir, we receive excellent first hands accounts of events that unfolded in Vietnam during the Vietnam War from the author of this autobiography: Truong Nhu Tang. Truong was Vietnamese at heart, growing up in Saigon, but he studied in Paris for a time where he met and learned from the future leader Ho Chi Minh. Truong was able to learn from Ho Chi Minh’s revolutionary ideas and gain a great political perspective of the conflicts arising in Vietnam during the war. His autobiography shows the readers the perspective of the average Vietnamese citizen (especially those involved with the NLF) and the attitudes towards war with the United States. In the book, Truong exclaims that although many people may say the Americans never lost on the battlefield in Vietnam — it is irrelevant.