Genocide is among the highest ranking of dramatic catastrophic events that have ever taken place. It is the mass murder of humans usually based on the victims race, religion, or political views. There have been many genocides throughout world history. One such genocide took place in Cambodia during 1975 through 1979. After researching the political party in charge, the large amounts of casualties, and the results of the conflict, it is apparent that the genocide that took place in Cambodia was one of the worst events in human history.
The True Impact of the Cambodian Genocide The Cambodian Genocide was a tragic event that took place in 1975 and lasted until about 1979. The genocide was led by Pol Pot and the communist party Kampuchea, also knowns as the Khmer Rouge. Millions of people were killed during this catastrophe. The Khmer Rouge was are the regime that controlled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Throughout the 196, the Khmer Rouge operated as the armed wing of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, the name, the party used for Cambodia (“Khmer Rouge”).
To begin, in 1962, a little-known politician named Pol Pot became the leader of the Cambodian Communist Party. However, the ruling Prince of Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk, did not approve of Pot’s policies and exiled him to the Cambodian jungle. There, Pot formed a militarized resistance movement, known as the Khmer Rouge. Some of its primary policies included opposition to U.S. intervention in the Vietnam War and the Sihanouk government, as the fighting in neighboring Vietnam had spilled over into Cambodia and had led to the death of over 75,000 Cambodians. This devastation had a significant impact on the morale of the Khmer people and would later lead to the development of the Cambodian genocide.
The My Lai Massacre was a significant event in the Vietnam War. Hundreds of innocent villagers were murdered by a portion of the Charlie Company. Most of the victims were elderly, 70-80, and children, as young as three. They also raped women, clubbed people, executed them (then most likely dumped into a mass grave), and carved C’s into their chests. A cover-up was created but it was no use, the American people found out.
People were robbed, killed, forced to evacuate their homes, and mistreated in many other ways during the Cambodian Genocide. These people had to live in terrible conditions. The same thing goes for what the reader sees of the Holocaust in Elie Wiesel’s Night. Throughout the book, the reader follows the author as he witnesses huge amounts of mass murder, watches as other people are brutally abused, as he, too, is being horribly mistreated, all while he is being forced to live in horrible living conditions. However, there are other factors that go into what make a genocide, well, a genocide.
The force and bloodiness with which Pinochet and his followers pursued their ideological enemies profoundly shocked the Chilean people if not the whole world. Thousands were detained. Many were tortured. Many more simply disappeared. In the aftermath of the bloody coup d'etat of September, 1973, rape of detained women by their military jailors was common.
A communist group called the Khmer Rouge believed that Cambodia was ruled by the educated like doctors, lawyers as well as muslims. They killed over 1.7 million people by intense work and no food. This can relate to the tactics that the Nazis used in the Holocaust to torture the Jews. Hard work with little or no food at all. Sadly, there is still a genocide happening right now in Sudan.
By 1975 the Vietnam war had claimed over 5 million lives, many of which were civilians. This has made it a war that Americans have been ashamed of and tried to forget. W. S. Merwin was outspoken on how he felt about war, which he shows in “The Asians Dying.” He makes a statement on the inhumane way the Vietnam war took human lives. ”The Asians Dying” will shock readers with its gruesome imagery and force them to look at what war does. Merwin uses the archetype of death to show the reader what the Vietnam war did to people, and how inhumane the Vietnam war was.
GENOCIDE Genocide means any act committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group. The word was created by Raphael Lemkin who dedicated his life to make genocide recognized as a crime. There are multiple ways to commit genocide including killing members of the group and deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in a whole or in whole or in part. Genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law. There are essentially 8 stages of genocide, classification, symbolization, dehumanization, organization, polarization, preparation, extermination, and denial.
Cambodians grew suspicion towards Lon Nol’s government politics and opposed such a force. By 1975, Pol Pot’s force had grown to over 700,000 men. During 1975, Lon Nol’s government was officially defeated by the Khmer Rouge, causing the death of 156,000 Cambodian citizens. The reign of a brutal and murderous society had begun. Under Pol Pot’s leadership, an extreme programme was imposed to revolutionise Cambodia into a communist country, where all citizens were expected to work as labourers, farmers and peasants in one huge federation of farms in accordance to the Chinese agricultural model.
Cambodia is a country that has been deeply affected by political warfare since the 1960s but was greatly affected by the reign of communist party known as the Khmer Rouge. Pilger, in his film Year Zero speaks to the shocking state of Cambodia after the genocide that was led by Pol Pot and his regime. The film gives an in depth understanding of the effects after the four years of the regime in rule and gives further clarification to how it impacts politics within Cambodia for decades to come. Year Zero was filmed in 1979 only three years later from when Pol Pot was named prime minister and with his regime decided that the entire country of Cambodia would go through a transformation that he would call year zero. This was a totalitarian regime