This caused all sorts of problems and the people of Benin decided to send an emissary to the then Oni of Ife to provide them with a prince from his land to rule. One of his sons Eweka became head of the historic Eweka dynasty of the Benin Empire - the first King and deity of Benin. Another version states that he Chima married a princess Eze – the daughter of the Benin King Oba Esigie 1504 -1550. During this period, England was well in the Tudor period - between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales. It coincides with the end reign of the Plantagenets and the full Tudor dynasty rule in England whose first monarch was Henry VII
3. Cannon Fodder: Anioma & the Balance of Power in Nigeria <<<IMAGE>>> The Royal Niger Company Anioma was a critical entity in local and international politics even before the formal creation of Nigeria. The first sets of European missionaries and explorers landed on the west bank of River Niger in 1830. The missions were the Church Missionary Society (CMS) and the Roman Catholic Mission, while the European explorers included the two brothers, Richard and John Lander. At that time, Aniomaland was simply called “Western Bank of River Niger”.
Things Fall Apart focuses on the early experience of colonialism as it occurred in Nigeria, around 1890, from the first days of contact with the British to widespread British administration. Towards the end of the nineteenth century most European states migrated to Africa and other parts of the world where they established colonies. Nigeria and other African nations received visitors who were on a colonising mission; they introduced their culture and religion that is and later imposed these on the Igbo. The culture of the people of Umuofia is immensely threatened by this
EUROPE ENCOUNTERS AFRICA AND THE AMERICAS, 1450 – 1550: 1. European - peasants, agricultural society, church was very important in their belief system, pagan-monotheistic hierarchy, patriarchal society, and urbanized. West African - trade slaves, spoke many languages, family clan system, worshiped spirits and Allah. Native American – nomadic, pantheistic, feudal system All – had belief systems and had agriculture 2. Portugal and Spain had encomienda, forced Native Americans to work the lands so that they could send out their crops to Europe, brought diseases with them which altered environment, came up with the Columbian Exchange.
I. Abyei, an area in the border part of North and South Sudan. The conflict here is that, the Abyei claimed by both North and South Sudan, more than 50 years of conflict until now. They believed that Abyei is part of South Sudan since the declaration of its 1965 independence. It’s also considered as part of Abyei District known before as West Kordofan, now South Kordofan of Northern part of South Sudan. It happened for the past centuries that the inhabitants of Abyei was from Ngok Dinka, Dinka group from South Sudan.
Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a novel which is written during the time of Africa being colonized by European countries. In the year 1881 about 10% of the Africa were controlled by European countries and by the year 1914, almost 90% of Africa was under the control of European countries. In the year 1884 till 1914 there was the scramble for Africa; European countries were trying to colonize African countries because of their rich environmental resources. Thus, the Belgians colonized Congo the heart of Africa for rubber and ivory. The novel is basically about the African colonization and shows how African was threaded during those days.
Primarily there was three provinces; the Western province, the Northern province and the Eastern province in which the Igbo belonged to. Thereafter, among the provinces for example in the Eastern province, there were other subdivisions like Districts which were ruled by the District officer (British resident). The Mbaise land unfortunately fell into the Owerri district which had as its district officer one of the notorious D.O.’s in the colonial administration in Nigeria according to Ekechi (1983). According to Ekechi (1983) all Europeans on the British Superstructure and most especially the District Commissioners were regarded as "uncrowned monarch" who ruthlessly ruled their domains. He gave an example of Harold Morday Douglas, who was the first District Commissioner for the Owerri district -which included Mbaise- and is today known as Imo State.
The Marriage of Bangwa people According to Travis Arda states that Bangwa people are ancient group of people whose origins are lost in the dim past (2012; pg. 1). The BANGWA Tribal Area is situated in the north east of the Mamfe Division, and the watershed which extends alone the side of this tribe forms the existing international boundary with the French sphere of the Cameroons. According to Cadman, in 1922 when he did his assessment on the Bangwa people, the population was thirteen thousand nine hundred and sixty-one. Robert Brain notes that amongst Bangwa people, Women as mothers, grandmothers and sisters, are the focus of the kinship system of alliances engendered by marriage, between patri-groups and individuals; wives, daughters and marriage wards are the capital items in the Bangwa political and economic system (1972; pg.
Origins In Kayan language, the name of Iban means immigrant. During the period of British colonialism, Ibans were referred to as Sea Dayak because they stay near the river and work as a farmer, hunters, and gatherers for surviving. (Iban Custom & Tradition, n.d.) The Iban trace their origins to the Kapuas Lake region of Kalimantan. Iban was being labeled with the name pioneer of headhunting. The Headhunting in Iban culture is believed to have when the land occupies by Iban over-populated.
However, a new city called Abuja, located at the center of country became the capital in 1991. Nigeria has a federal system of government and is divided into 36 states and a federal capital territory. (Robert Stock 2011) opined that the region that is now Nigeria was home to genealogically based kingdoms and ethnic societies before it became a European settlement. In 1914 the British united their northern and southern states into a solitary state called the Colony and State of Nigeria. Nigeria turn into independent of British rule in 1960.