It’s commonly known that Canada was originally a British colony. In 1982, thanks to the Canada Act, the constitution of Canada was “patriated,” which made Britain surrender the power to make laws affecting Canada. However, Canada began drifting away from Britain much earlier than that, and World War One was a main cause. World War One helped establish Canada as an independent nation. In September 1916, Canada asserted its direct authority over its oversea soldiers and created a new Ministry of Overseas Force as a way to exercise control and power.
On January 24, 1848 James Wilson Marshall found flakes of gold in the American River at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range. Marshall was a carpenter from New Jersey working on a water-powered sawmill owned by John Sutter, a German-born Swiss man who founded the colony of New Switzerland, later to be known as Sacramento. Marshall and Sutter tried to keep the news of the discovery out of the public ear, but word got out, and around March, at least one newspaper was out reporting of gold being discovered at Sutter’s Mill. At first, when the news hit San Francisco, there was disbelief about the discovery until a storekeeper, Sam Brannan, shocked the public with a vial of gold from Sutter’s Mill.
Peter Skene Ogden was a good man. He was born 1794 in Quebec Canada and died September 27 154 in Oregon City . Here is a list of his accomplishments. He left his home in Canada to be a fur trader as a teenager. , he was a great trapper, he lead the snake river country expeditions, he traced the Utah territory, was with the Hudson bay community until death, and was the first to travel the west intermountain range from north to south, had two lovely native American wives
Jedediah S Smith was a great mountain man, fur trapper, and a great leader. He was born in June 24, 1798, Bainbridge, N.Y and died May 27, 1831, near Cimarron River. Smith made his first trip west while still in his teens. In 1822 he joined a fur-trading expedition to the rocky mountains and continued in the Rocky Mountain trade business.
The Stanley Cup originated in Canada after Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley of Preston decided that since the sport was so popular there should be a form of championship between the teams. Lord Stanley donated a silver bowl to the Ametuer Hockey Association of Canada for the prize of the championship. The cup was originally called the Dominion Challenge Trophy, but was soon renamed the Stanley Hockey Championship Cup in 1893 after its founder. That same year it was decided that the Stanley Cup could not be owned by any of the winning hockey teams.
Nicholas Flood Davin was a remarkable and brilliant man, who’s legacy will live on. He was distinguished by his erratic behavior through his newspaper, Regina Leader, and his years as a member of the House of Commons.1 After the years of Confederation, he was drawn to the brilliant and merciless life in the Western prairies, where he changed the way of life forever.2 Nicholas Flood Davin’s work to create the Regina Leader, and his research about Residential schools helped to change the future of education, and lives of the citizens of Regina. Born in Ireland in 1839, Davin moved to Toronto when he was 33 years old on an assignment from the Pall Mall Gazette of London, but ended up becoming a freelance writer for the Globe in Toronto.3 In 1882,
During the Klondike Gold Rush (1896 to 1899), the Chilkoot Trail operated as the main transportation route into Canada’s interior. The Chilkoot Trail was the most direct, popular, and least expensive compared to other overland routes to reach Dawson City in the Yukon. If prospectors could not afford a carrying outfit for their possessions, they faced the back-breaking task of carrying their own essentials over the summit of the Chilkoot Pass and to lakes Lindeman and Bennett. The Chilkoot Pass faced frequent cloud cover, bad weather, and deep snow. “Blizzard-like conditions often closed in for days at a time, trapping travelers in an areas lacking both tree and sustenance” (Gates 1994).
Jacques Cartier was a French navigator, sent by the King of France to explore North America for gold, and to find a path to Asia. Cartier wanted to claim a part of the New World for France and that is one of the reasons why he planned on his voyages. People should know about him because he gave Canada its name. Also, I think Jacques Cartier did had a positive effect on us because he discovered Prince Edward Island and was the first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Cartier started to collect minerals that he thought were gold and diamond, but when he returned to France, he found that the gold and diamond was more than mineral deposits, which was fake.
It all started after Sir Humphrey Gilbert drowned, during an expedition, the queen gave his half-brother Sir Walter Raleigh control of his brothers quest. Sir Walter Raleigh along with the assistance of Ralph Lane and Richard Grenville put Sir Walter Raleigh 's late brothers plans to colonize north america in motion. The queen and Raleigh intended that the expedition should bring riches from
Jacques Cartier was a French navigator who was sponsored by King Francis I to go to America to find riches. He was most known for exploring the St. Lawrence River and naming, what today is called Canada. April 20, 1534 I set sail today, King Francis is sending me to the new world to find riches, like gold. He is also sending me to find spices and a new passage to Asia.
The battle at Vimy Ridge was a defining moment in Canadian History because it gave Canada a sense of nationhood “The Battle of Vimy Ridge marked ‘the birth of a nation’ for Canada, says Governor-General David Johnston” (Postmedia news). It was the first time all four Canadian Corps fought together in the history of the war. The victory of ‘taking Vimy Ridge’ was celebrated, and two months later Viscount Julian Byng was promoted out of the Corps and Arthur Currie became the first commander of the Corps. The 60’000 casualties in the war, made Vimy the most symbolic of Canada’s overall sacrifices. This pushed Prime Minister Borden to ensure a separate representation at the Paris Peace Talks after the war.
The battle of Vimy ridge has left a significant mark on Canada and the reputation of Canadian soldiers. The battle of Vimy ridge is known as the most defining moment for Canada, it has put new tactics in place that have created long lasting change and were used throughout the rest of WW1 and still used today. The significance of the battle was not the battle itself but the effects that Canada would feel nationally instead, the first steps were made of Canada becoming its own country instead of a British colony. After the battle of Somme, Canadian soldiers had lost their passion to fight and confidence in their general.
Second of all, we all know the US is an ambitious country who wants to expand its territory all the time. Like the ”Manifest Destiny”, the slogan”54°40’ or fight” and there was an information that the US has its eyes on territory as far north as Alaska. You see, now the US soldiers are stationed on the boundary of the 49th parallel, I suppose it may be an omen of America to terrify Canada. And also, the amount of settlers coming to Victoria is becoming bigger and bigger, which we can’t to control as of the moment. Therefore, if we build a new colony, we can avoid American aggression and restrict immigrants in a degree.
Another major figure in the Underground Railroad was Thomas Garrett. Born unto a Quaker family who his runaway slaves in Delaware, Garrett was exposed to opposition at an early age. After saving the life of an African American slave who was kidnapped by slave traders, Garrett became dedicated to the abolitionist cause in 1813. He was on record saying, “Friend, I haven't a dollar in the world; but if thee knows a fugitive who needs a breakfast send him to me”. He turned his home in Wilmington, Delaware into the last stop for the Underground Railroad before slaves reached Pennsylvania where they got their freedom.
In “Anglo-Saxonism in the Yukon: The Klondike Nugget and American-British Relations in the “Two Wests,” 1898 -1901,” Adam Arenson uses historical newspapers to argue that the British and the Americans applied the idea of manifest destiny to succeed in the Klondike Gold Rush. Arenson states, “An extensive reading of the region’s newspapers and an examination of thousands of commercial photographs reveal how this emerging world view played out in daily life, especially in the striking collection of newspaper editorials and images that united American and British symbols and destinies.” Arenson closely examines newspapers articles and pictures from the Klondike Nugget and the Dawson Daily News to illustrate that the Americans and the British