To begin with, Hoggle says to Jareth “I am taking her to the beginning of the Labyrinth.” When really he wasn’t. Another example of verbal irony is when Sarah says “The maze is a piece of cake.” But really the labyrinth was really hard for her. Lastly, when Hoggle says “I’m not interested in friends,” he actually did want friends. This is creating suspense because we are curious on what will happen next and we want to see what will eventually happen. Another way the author A.C.H Smith uses irony to establish surprise is from dramatic irony.
Not surprisingly, Shakespeare’s writing strongly reflected ideas about witchcraft in his time. In Macbeth, Shakespeare’s witch plans the harm she will cause another’s husband, who is a sailor on a ship (Levin 2), exemplifying the witch who is able able to cause adverse events, causing harm, or punishing others. Also, the witches attempted to use ‘image magic’, which is when a person creates a wax figure and then harms that figure, thus causing harm to the actual person (Levin 6). This idea of abstract magical power contrasted with witchcraft in the Dark Ages where power was derived more from knowledge and use of specific herbs and potions. The invention of the printing press similarly had the ironic effect of spreading belief in witches along
Rule breaking, leads to rulemaking. But to break an established rule in any artform hinges on the author's intent; to do it out of ignorance or laziness just results in sloppy work. To effectively break the rules, it’s necessary to learn them, acknowledge them, and then go on without them. John Huston’s The Maltese Falcon (1941) is the perfect example of this. Huston makes use of the tools in classical Hollywood narration to create a visually and technically mediocre film, but manipulates and bends those same tools to profoundly enhance storytelling and character development.
Surprise is an emotion that rarely stands alone. Using situational irony, authors use surprising twists to manipulate the reader’s emotions beyond creating shock. For example, “The Ransom of Red Chief” by O. Henry utilizes situational irony to instill humor in those who read the short story. Guy de Maupassant also uses situational irony in “The Necklace,” but the feeling he creates is one of justice. Both short stories, when analyzed, show that the effects of situational irony on a reader’s emotions surpass creating surprise.
There we can finally see that Gene never cared about Finny even though Finny loved him like a brother, and did no wrong to him. Only a heartless, self centered person would laugh at someone in pain especially his fallen friend. As hard as it is sometimes evil things or people can destroy good works. The novel A Separate Peace definitely has the theme of good vs evil. The many struggles between good and evil can be observed in Gene and Finny's relationship.Wether Gene is trying to see 'fault' in Finny, or he is hurting his good friend Finny, or being heartless about Finny's pain and suffering.
Additionally, his relax posture and smug look before the hit indicates his lack of prediction to the attack and confidence about winning. On another note, later in the movie, Lockhart’s lack of knowledge about magic becomes apparent, reinforcing the hindsight bias during the dueling demonstration. In addition, Gilderoy’s self perception is that he thinks he is a genius and a very skilled wizard. In reality, he is rather unintelligent, lazy and arrogant. However, Gilderoy’s opinion of himself that he wants to present to others, or his self presentation mimics his self perception.
Many books possess an evil character, a villain, however the villain normally helps to improve the story and create a depth to the plot. In the work Of Mice and Men, the author John Steinbeck uses the character Curley to show that violence is never the answer. When introduced to anyone new, Curley has to threaten them, because he needs to showcase his role of leadership in the group. However if he showed them kindness instead, people wouldn’t see him as an angry person. For example, Candy warns George to distance himself from Curley, because he has a nasty temper and loves beating up big guys because he is not big.
Surprisingly, Gilgamesh is scared, and almost reluctant to fight when he first sees Humbaba. Humbaba “nodded his head and shook it, menacing Gilgamesh; and on him he fastened his eye, the eye of death. Then Gilgamesh called to Shamash and his tears were flowing” (20). Gilgamesh needs help to defeat Humbaba, but his arrogance keeps him from becoming self-aware of his weakness. Gilgamesh and Enkidu ruthlessly triumph over Humbaba and in their celebration.
Both of the narrators were so arrogant, that they both caused the downfall of their character. The narrator in The Black Cat would have gotten away scott-free, but he wanted to brag on his wall building skills so while he was tooting his own horn, he accidentally turned himself in by causing the wall to fall, and his dead wife to fall out. The narrator in The Tell Tale Heart also would have gotten away scott-free if wasn’t so arrogant and wanted to also show off his great “burying a corpse skills”. But alas, his conscience ended up getting the better of him and he turned himself in. Both stories also involve the senseless murder of a one eyed being, whether it be a cat or a human.
On the outer shell, Grendel is a monstrous villain who hates mankind, but the reader soon realizes, in reality, he just wants to fit in. Since Grendel knows he will never fit in, he decides to destroy what he cannot have and he "[understands] that the world [is] nothing: [but] a mechanical chaos of casualties, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears. I understood, finally and absolutely, I alone exist" (Gardner 22). Instead of criticizing the villain, Grendel makes the reader sympathize with him by saying " [he] alone exist[s]". Thus allowing the reader to interpret the tone better because of how Grendel expresses his feeling.