The Lakota Indian Reservation

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The terms of the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 placed the Lakota on one large reservation that encompassed parts of North Dakota, South Dakota, and four other states. After the United States defeated the Indian tribes in the Indian Wars of the 1870s, the US States reclaimed 7.7 million acres of Sioux’s sacred Black Hills and moved the Teton Sioux to Government broke the Lakota’s original reservation into several smaller ones. Not only did the U.S. government reduce the Indians’ acreage, it also splintered the Tribe. In 1889 the United the Standing Rock Reservation. Although the Reservation originally occupied 2.7 million acres, subsequent land confiscations by the government reduced the Reservation’s size to 1 million acres.

 About 90,000 Native Americans are homeless, and 40% of
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These schools were part of a plan devised by well-intentioned, eastern reformers led by Herbert Welsh and Henry Pancoast who also helped establish organizations such as the Board of Indian Commissioners, the Boston Indian Citizenship Association, and the Women’s National Indian Association.
 The goal of these reformers was to use education as a tool to “assimilate” Indian tribes into the mainstream of the “American way of life;” the Protestant Republican ideology of the mid-19th century. Indian people would be taught the importance of private property, material wealth and monogamous nuclear families. The reformers assumed that it was necessary to “civilize” Indian people, make them accept white men’s beliefs and value

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