Native Americans are the indigenous people of the United States, they have an extensive rich history, and stories of sorrow and bravery. Within the lower 48 states are the Great Plains American tribes, these tribes live in a region where there are few trees with valleys and rolling hills. This is where the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma as well as many other tribes resides in. With quite a dearth tribe, their highest population being 3,522 present day, but although they weren’t large they are known for their abounding cultural tradition and past. The Ponca tribe of Oklahoma had a mixed culture of the Middle Mississippi and Plains people. They were Siouan speakers, or the Dhegiha, which also included the Ohama, Osage, Quapaw, and Kansa tribes. The
While some of the cultural norms and expectations varied slightly amongst the members of the Sioux, Navajo, and Cherokee tribes, it seems as though the cultural communicative behaviors and/or many of the norms and expectations were overall exceedingly similar across these three tribes. Thus, we feel that while culture may vary slightly across tribes through their rituals and ceremonies, cultural values and identities were more related and applied throughout the general Native American heritage, rather than being tribe
The destruction of the Sioux’s native land had a great impact on their idea of home. When the Wasichus destroyed pieces of the physical being of their home, they also destroyed the emotional and mental ideas of home as well. The killing of the bison, had a very strong impact on the tribe, as well as when the whites forced the Sioux, to conform to their ideals of living, mainly by forcing them to live in the square houses.
The name “Sioux” is short for “Nadouessioux”, meaning “little snakes”, given to them by their spiteful long time rival the Ojibwa tribe. The Sioux community was divided into a organized nation of seven different, smaller tribes; later becoming known as: Oceti Sakowin, which translates into “Seven Council Fire” in the Sioux indigenous language. To keep their history alive, the Sioux practiced oral tradition in sharing their past, through the Siouan language and occasionally, they communicated through sign language. They were a dominant tribe in Minnesota that later migrated continuously through the northern Great Plains region following buffalo patterns. The Sioux depended on bison for most of their food source, clothing, and shelter.
The Lakota Indians The Lakota is a tribe located in the northern plains of America. They are related to the Sioux by culture, Language, and history. The Dakota are also a related tribe to the Lakota. They are known as Teton or also western Sioux. In the 1640’s the Lakota stayed closer to the Sioux.
A significant epidemic of smallpox destroyed more than half of Lakota tribes between 1722 and 1780 (Irvine & Gal, 2008). For this reason, the language speakers were greatly reduced. Another reason for the dying of the language is a series of warfare between the Lakota bands and the U.S. Army which also reduced their numbers. In 1877, they were forced to sign a treaty that ceded Black Hills to US and since then, they have been confined into Western South reservations of Dakota (Irvine & Gal, 2008). Influence by American culture has also played a big role to reducing the frequency with which Lakota language is spoken.
The Lakota culture has seven virtues, including humility. C.S. Lewis, author of Narnia, once said, “humility is not thinking less of yourself, but thinking of yourself less”. Many people associate humility with embarrassment and hanging your head. If you look at the actual definition of humility, it states the following; “a modest or low view of one’s own importance”. In the older times, humility was understood as what the definition is, modesty.
Many Native Americans live on reservations that were established in 1851 under President Andrew Jackson. Life on a reservation is not glamorous. A majority of the stories are filled with alcohol, suffering, death, and sadness. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie details some of the experiences that that Native American culture faces. Arnold reflects on the treatment of Native Americans when he states “We Indians have lost everything… We only know how to lose and be lost”(Alexie 173).
The Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma. Also known as the Loyal Shawnee, they are one of three federally recognized Shawnee tribes. The others are the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma and Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma.
In the 1500’s the Comanche tribe was originally merged with the Shoshone tribe in the Upper reaches of the Platte River. Only when the Europeans arrived did they split up. Around 1700 the Comanches acquired horses and started moving south from the Shoshone tribe. They made a stop in the Central plains before continuing on to an area that extended from the Arkansas River to Central Texas. As the tribe migrated south their population began to increase dramatically due to an abundance of food and an influx of Shoshone tribe members. The tribe itself was split into 8-12 independent groups and often fought amongst each other over land rights and food. When the Europeans discovered the Comanches they were settled in present-day Texas, Oklahoma
When analyzing the book Waterlily, by Ella Cara Deloria, it is important to recognize the vital relationship she illustrates between the Dakota Sioux tribe and their values of kinship. The book both incorporates the complex nature of kinship, but also constructs a comprehensive timeline of the traditional lives of the Dakota Sioux and how the interact within their society. Deloria strives at epitomizing how important kinship is in everyday life for the Dakota Sioux; and how it keeps them organized into one exhaustive, organized society, thus allowing them to stand together in solidarity. The entire idea of how vital kinship is for the Dakota Sioux tribe is exemplified in the beginning of Waterlily, when Blue Bird and her grandmother leave the camp in order to gather food for the merciless winter which was ahead of them. After returning to their camp they were shocked to find that the camp had been ravaged, with the inhabitants of it either missing or slain.
Indians). There are many American Indian tribes that had impacted the United States the most, but one tribe that had directly impacted the United States the most is this tribe, Chippewa, there are many things that are going to be reveal to learn why they were once enemies and now allies. It is known today that the regions of North America’s Great Lakes are homes to many American Indians and the group that had settled in these regions are called Algonquian (Ditchfield 5). This group of people were a very large
Then the Cheyenne and Lakota (Sioux) arrived. One Lakota named Lone Dog made a record in a spiral, each year marked by a symbol of the most memorable thing that happened that year. Many years were shown by wars. The wars were caused by the Lakota spreading out. The Lakota were the big kids on the playground.
United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, 448 U.S. 371 (1980) is a case that involves the Sioux Nation and the United States government, and it regards the United Stages Government authority to reneged a treaty and reclaimed land given to the Sioux Nation Of Indians, and if congress violated the separation of powers clause when it amended the Indian Claims commissions in 1978.