In the Allegory of the Cave, three brothers are chained to a wall and the brother can only see shadows of real things. One brother is set free from the cave and can now perceive reality for what it really is. The brother tries to go back and save his other brothers but his brothers are too comfortable in their chains. Even if the brother was able to set his brothers free and let them see outside of the cave, the brothers would have gone blind from the brightness. Both Linda and John died because they were shown new realities too fast which is the representation of the brothers going blind from the brightness of the sun.
When the enlightened prisoner returns to the cave “they all laugh at him and say he had spoiled his eyesight by going up there”(Plato __). Plato infers that society will purposely be blind to conform to society’s norms.When the escaped prisoner returns to the cave he “gets his eyes full of darkness” (Plato ___). The freed prisoner explains what the actual objects were that they were seeing were. Plato demonstrates that the ignorance and blindness to the truth is by choice. Plato says the prisoners that are chained up could not fathom the new truths; they are
He is the one, put in the book to break all the rules and bring the life of knowledge and ideas back to where they belong. At first Equality felt awful for many of the things he had done for example; “each night […] we, Equality 7-2521, steal out and run through the darkness to our place.”(35), but sooner or later it didn’t matter much to Equality anymore. When Equality worked in his place (a dark hole in the ground from the unmentionable times) he worked on a box that made electricity when he finished it he brought it to the home of the scholars, who rejected it. This was the last straw for Equality and that’s when he lost it; “You fools! You fools!
Equality’s tunnel resembles Plato’s cave, and the Scholars represent those still not in reality. In fact, “The Council of Scholars has said that we all know the things which exist and therefore the things which are not known by all do not exist,” a mindset parallel to those unaware of reality (52). Equality travels to the Home of Scholars, attempting to bring them into the light, yet just as those in the Plato’s Allegory, the Scholars do not believe him. It is not until after Equality escapes into the forest, however, that he leaves the cave of morality: “We remembered we are the Damned. We remembered it and laughed” he jested (80).
The experiment was supposed to last two weeks but ended up only lasting six days because of the way that people abused their power and did not do the morally right thing. In the Stanford prison experiment, the guards were too afraid to go against the guard that was taking charge because he put himself as this role of a higher authority. He took charge and all the other guards followed him even if what he was doing to the prisoners was wrong. The rest of guards stood by it and let it happen because they were afraid of what would happen to them if they did not. The power got to their heads and they mistreated the boys even when they knew it was the wrong thing to do.
In the book “Anthem” by Ayn Rand, the main character, Equality 7-2521, changed significantly. At first, he believed in staying true to the society, but this later changed when he began to have his own ideas and thoughts. He began to see the world through his own eyes, instead of looking through the tainted eyes that the leaders of his society had given him. Throughout the book Equality 7-2521 discovered many new and different feelings. He began to fall in love with The Golden One, even though it was forbidden.
In both works, the cave prisoners and Neo are portrayed as ignorant but questioning of the world they cannot see but can sense, as represented by the cave and the matrix. In “Allegory of the Cave”, the prisoners have been chained up since birth, and only know of the world inside the cave. The prisoners have always had curiosity about the outside world, but they are content with their inside world. Socrates even claims that “to [the prisoners], the truth would literally be nothing but the shadows of the images” (Plato 29). Socrates is saying that because all the prisoners know is the shadows, that is all they believe.
In The Allegory of the Cave, the prisoner that escaped tries continuously to inform the others of the new world. Yet even when they threatened to murder him if he let them out of their chains, he still tried his hardest to get them to believe what he had seen. Socrates then states that “I think that he would rather suffer anything than entertain those false notions and live in this miserable manner” (Plato 615). So no matter how badly they treat him he feels the need to try and persuade them to come out into the real world. In Black Men and Public Space, when people are frightened by him he begins to change the way he acts around people.
“We all want to know where we came from, but because our earliest beginnings are lost in the mists of prehistory, we have created myths about our forefathers that are not historical but help to explain current attitudes about our environment, neighbors and customs” (6). Myth functions as a guidance that explains everything that we come into contact with in the universe. It provide us with a shared set of rights and wrongs on which our social norm depends for existence. Also, it guides a person through the stages of life and show them the way of
In his Republic, we see a group chained and only able to see the shadows of things outside the cave – their truth is that everything is a shadow. This is everyone’s truth, this is right, until someone is released. Upon exiting the cave, they see the world around them and learn that the shadows on the wall are simple depictions of physical things beyond the cave. The sole adventurer outside the cave attempts to go back into the cave and tell everyone that what they know is wrong, that they are right because they have witnessed what is beyond the cave – the truth they are telling, their truth is the way and only way. Plato believed that “absolute, objective Truth” should “be housed in a particular privileged individual,” taken in the form of a philosopher-king (Salvatore 155).