The Boston Massacre occurred in 1780, six colonists were shot and killed by British Soldiers. Adams successfully defended these soldiers in court, although it was the unpopular view of the colonists. In 1774 Adams was chosen as a delegate to attend the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. During this meeting Adams played a leading role in convincing the congress to strive to declare independence. After this first meeting of congress Adams was elected once again to participate in the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
It was here that Washington created the Badge of Military Merit for enlisted soldiers and noncommissioned officers who demonstrated courage and valor in actions against the enemy (August 1782). After World War I, this early decoration was resurrected as the Purple Heart, now awarded to all members of the armed forces killed or wounded in action. Here Washington also prepared his speech to quell the incipient officer mutiny over Congressional delays in providing pay and pensions (March 1783). His extemporaneous comment as he donned his eyeglasses in public for the first time ("You see, gentlemen, that I have not only grown gray but blind in your service"), however, probably was as effective as the speech he had prepared and read with those eyeglasses. Finally, he wrote a letter to the governors of the new states setting forth his philosophy for a federal republic (June 1783).
The General in charge of the attack realized there were too many colonists, and sent for reinforcements. The reinforcements come 2 weeks later, at Bemis Heights, though, they were too late, as well as surrendered. The british surrendered, and the Americans were astounded. They had one. The battle of Saratoga was a game changer for both the Americans and the British.
Patrick Henry was the first and the sixth governor of Virginia. Henry led the antagonism to the Stamp Act in 1765 and he is mostly remembered by his speech,”Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”. He was know as one of the most influential bodies in Republicanism. While he was creeping up on his twenty fourth birthday, he finally qualified as a lawyer in 1760. After that, Henry was not prepared for what it took to be a lawyer.
General Cornwallis was a general for the colonies but eventually turned sides after falling in love with a loyalist. He then was a loyalist now becoming a general for Britain. General Washington had just won the battle of Trenton with the continental army and needed to resupply after defeating the hessians from Britain on December 25 1776. Cornwallis heard of the victory and went to Trenton with is 8,000 redcoats to overwhelm General Washington 's 5,000 militia men. Knowing Britain 's force was stronger George Washington came up with a plan to escape from the redcoats.
Washington considered a very risky plan, knowing if he didn’t do anything the revolution will come to an end. After Christmas day, Washington ordered his troops across the Delaware river and into the Trenton. He launched a surprise attack on the Hessian-Garrison troops that were based in Trenton. The Hessians, the day before were celebrating Christmas and were caught off guard by the surprise attack. The Hessians had a tough time rallying all their troops, but it was no use the colonist had won the battle.
John Adams was dramatically affected by Benjamin Franklin withholding this information because he was deeply passionate about this finding a solution to end the war. Angered by Benjamin Franklin’s actions, John Adams broke off any sort of communication with Benjamin Franklin by leaving Paris. The quarreling continued when John Adam arrived in Amsterdam, and Franklin confessed his disapproval for John Adams’s methods of dealing with foreign powers. The relationship between John Adams and Benjamin Franklin was not terrible because the day before the Preliminary treaty was signed Adams brought himself to praise Benjamin Franklin. Finally, On January 1783 the conflicts subsided with the signing of the Preliminary Articles of Peace.
Spies largely impacted the result of who controlled West Point. In May 1779, Benedict Arnold, a seemingly loyal American General, defected to the British due to several pass overs for promotions and recognition (Auburn). Arnold was given command at Fortress West Point, however Arnold writes to British General Henry Clinton: “If I point out a plan of cooperation by which Sir Henry shall possess himself of West Point, the Garrison, etc. etc. etc.
In beginning of Washington 's career in the military he started as Major, but was then promoted to Colonel, and finally to General. Washington was much involved in military even before the American Revolution Throughout the Revolutionary War, General Washington had led the continental army through much to preserve American peace and freedom. At the end of the war however, some soldiers were angry at Congress because it had failed to pay them their salary due to them for their work, bounties, and life pensions. The soldiers decided to hold a meeting to decide whether they should desert the army or what they should do. However their plans were altered when George Washington
Congress however approved the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms the following day. In March 1776, Washington placed the British in an indefensible position in the city of Boston, which led the British to evacuate. "The American forces ' early successes bolstered their confidence even as Britain continued to lose whatever colonial support remained (pg115). " The British navy then attacked and burned down the town of Falmouth Maine in October 1775. Such cruelty outraged even those moderate colonists who held out hope for reconciliation with Britain.
Marquis de lafayette Marquis de lafayette heard of the American revolution and got inspired.He decided to help but he never thought he will become one of America 's greatest hero. Marquis participated in the battle of brandywine where he got wounded so he called for a retreat which got all of his men out safely. Marquis showed great ability in following orders then later starting climbing ranks atill he became commander. Marquis was a very noble and loyal soldier he was very loyal to george washington. In the battle of barren hill his army was ambushed but in the end the british still had to retreat because of how strategic and skillful Marquis is.
He was elected in the first two national president elections. Going into the first war his plan was too capture two major british armies in Saratoga in 1777. He became a senior british officer in the colinal milita during the first stages of the Freanch and Indian war. Goerge Washington forced the british out of Boston in 1776, but was defeated and nearly captured that year when he lost New York
2 soldiers were guilty of manslaughter, but were later released after being branded The Seditious Committee of Correspondence British acts were not following through. King George III (1770) was attempting to assert the power of the British monarchy.. good man but bad ruler- surrounded himself with “yes men” (LORD NORTH) Townshend Acts failed to produce revenue & non importation acts were hurting the British Sam Adams organized the committees of correspondence (first in 1772, but later they were in 80 different towns) Function: spread resistance and British opposition Evolved in America’s first congresses Tea Brewing in Boston The dispute over tea taxes finally settled down, but then the British East India Company faced bankruptcy and had 17 million pounds of unsold
After Rufus King 's early political experiences because of the constitutional convention, he decided to switch his life career and left his law practice behind in 1788. He decided to move from the bay state to Gotham, and got into the New York political forum. Then went to move to New York City, and there he was elected to be apart of the New York State Assembly in 1789. Later on in 1795 he helped Alexander Hamilton defend the Jay Treaty by writing pieces for New York newspapers. King was re-elected in 1795 but decided to resign on May 23, 1796, Because he was made U.S Minister by the first president george washington.