This character is derived from Margaret Atwood’s dystopian novel The Handmaid’s Tale. Atwood’s novel reveals that hunger for control can lead to the oppression of women, this is demonstrated through the Commander’s characterization, the Aunts attitudes, and some of the Gileadean rules/laws. Having the world at the tip of their fingers, and having men still feeling as if that is not enough, is the reason for the oppression of women in this novel, this is shown through the Commander’s characterization. In this scene, the Commander is explaining to the protagonist, Offred, that men felt as if everything were too easy to take hold of. Creating this new society was more for the pleasure of men than women.
Though these are hardships that nobody should have to go through, issues involving discrimination and bigotry helped her to realize her dream and defeat the racism that is presented to her. Mama deals with many forms of gender stereotyping throughout the play, both from society and from her own family. In this time period, women were paid a lot less than men and were still seen as lower-ranking and submissive humans even though they endured difficult tasks during wartime (Gardiner). Women in the 1950s were treated as inferior than men; therefore, men were taught to be the head of the house over a woman. Throughout the book, Walter and Mama fight over the head of the house.
In the Victorian era, men and women based their connections on the formidable society that was there at that time. Qualities that were not wanted by the society were ignored and disregarded as inappropriate, thus making conduct in this era very stern and gender stereotypical. Women at that period had a distinctly strict way of life. The main role of a woman was considered to marry, to take part in their husbands’ life, and to take on their husbands’ interests and business. They were confined to live false lives and have false interests to please the Victorian way of lifestyle.
“Basically, Zawadi mistrusted men as husbands, not as lovers, or even platonic friends. She loathed being taken for granted, which, she said, was how black men behaved, no matter where in the world they lived, the USA, Africa, the West Indies, men who considered women their rightful property. - Duniya said with feeling, “What an amazing woman, this Zawadi.” - “She is a gift. You should meet her.” - They fell silent, both thinking that Zawadi and Duniya would get along splendidly. (146-147) Through this chapter, we learn that Duniya has changed a great deal since the beginning of the book, converting herself in a more liberal woman.
For instance in the first chapter of Pride and Prejudice, Mr. Bennet insults women by saying that his daughters apart from Lizzy “are all silly and ignorant like the other girls”. Austen here makes a statement about women and their intelligence. Women themselves show willingness and acceptance of the patriarchal values. They do not resist and acknowledge the belief that men are superior and this is clearly shown in Pride and Prejudice when women accept their fate. At surface reading Mrs. Bennet could be seen as a hypochondriac women but literary theory has suggested that women were seen as inferior and always complaining.
Despite the fact that they were desirable creatures who provoked the attention of males all over the world, who’s beauty was appreciated and who’s input were vital when it came to keeping the household together and raising children; women did not have the ideal place in society. This was because they were seen as the weaker gender, they had to be satisfied with being ruled by males, and before the revolution of women empowerment, those who were feminists by heart had to suffer in silence. It was highly inappropriate for a woman to step out of line and in some countries such an action would even be punishable by death. The French constitution of 1792 banned women from public life, and Emperor Napoleon’s Civil code of 1804 was implemented in Europe, subsequently. This code denied women any legal rights and access to divorce, which meant that their husbands had control over them, confining them to a subordinate, domestic role.
A Definition of Justice Equality is the well-known problem faced by women. It is the issue of how women have been treated differently from men who act as if they have a higher social position. Besides the equality issue, there is another problem faced by many women: mental abuse at home. The husbands are not literally abuse their wife, but how they act have made their wives live in agony. Subsequently, when the women as the oppressed party who have been treated unequally cannot demand such abuse to be punished since it is not written in man’s law, they will seek their own justice.
For example, many women in Gilead agree with the government and help to keep other women in check. One would blame the Commander’s Wife for not showing team spirit to her gender and rebelling against Gilead, without understanding that this is actually an expectation, since it believes that gender is the most important trait, while really it is just a smaller version of the anti-individual totalitarianism of Gilead. Atwood may be reminding her readers that women by tradition have served to impose the rules of a patriarchal society, from the manner of responsibility for the socialization of young girls to the enforcement of adult individualists through mockery or isolation. In a way, The Handmaid’s Tale is about the present as well as the future, suggesting that until there are large changes in women’s and men’s understanding and social way, society will continue to be in danger of this kind of
CONRAD’S PERSPECTIVE OF WOMEN IN “HEART OF DARKNESS” Joseph Conrad is always accused for not treating his female characters seriously. They remain like an undeveloped fetus in contrast to the powerful male characters that we see in “Heart of Darkness”. Attitude of Marlow, the narrator, in the text is such that women are too fragile to handle the truth of real world. This is the reason why Conrad is considered a misogynist. However, it would be clearly wrong to accept the protagonist’s mindset as that of the writer.
However, biased expectations towards women, concerning both themselves and motherhood, have remained relatively unchanged. In, Maria, these expectations were addressed as the female sensibility. When describing Maria it is said that, “nay such was the sensibility which often mantled over it, that she frequently appeared, like a large proportion of her sex only born to feel” (Wollstonecraft 32). In any society men and women are expected to act a certain way. However, the female sensibility: which encompasses how one should dress, manners, etiquette, and reform have been used to suppress the position of women in society.