The Two Model: The Linear Innovation Model

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The second model : The Linear innovation model
In this model have been presented through three stages , which include: (Technology push model, Market pull model & Gate model ) . Many authors and scholars have written about the linear model of innovation, since decades but in predominantly known and commonplace and indicate that this model comes from the science Vannevar Bush: in the first stage it closely related with his name , which called technology push's model, in his article "Border endless" appeared in the form of an official in the late in (1945) he talked about causal relation between basic research( science )and socio-economic advance where marketing and sales is added after production.. However, history does not
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In third stage from linear innovation model , which called " Gate model represented by a funnel , there are found feedback loops and variations in the times between stages .(Marinova & Phillimore, 2003) . According to Godin & Lane(2013) this model includes a simple a sequential process of steps going from basic science to innovations – an innovation being defined as an invention that is profitable. The linear model founded the assumption that innovation is applied science. It is called as “linear” that due to there is a just-defined set of stages that innovations are presumed to go through it and it is process assumed within firms Comes in the first science or basic research, then development then finally production then marketing.…show more content…
In the old model innovation of closed innovation, companies depended on the claim that innovation processes need to be control by the company and that means you must be under controlling . ( Elmquist, Fredberg& Ollila, 2009) . In other words, organizations have to produce their own ideas owned by them, because they are developing, manufacturing, marketing, distribution and service themselves. This is by advocating self-reliance: If you want to do it yourself. Innovation is closed to generate the flow of ideas and development of the company. To provide new ideas for the corporates market and successful , played some tacit rules where they invested more in internal research and development than competitors and they hired the best and smartest people for achieve their goals . These investments , that enabling them to reap more profits and control of the intellectual property (IP) to prevent competitors from the exploit it . And can then re-invest profits in more research and development (R & D), which in turn led to the discoveries of an additional breach,
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