Contemporary literary prizes are institutions that celebrate literary achievements, shape authors’ positions with respect to the market and the canon, form the worldwide readership. They frequently cause controversies, be it the list of nominees, the names of jury members, or, eventually, the winning authors or books. Among all literary prizes, the Nobel Prize in Literature is, probably, the most famous and controversial, because, “unlike the Booker or the Goncourt, [it] explicitly highlights and rewards the author rather than an individual literary work” (Braun 321). Since the Nobel Committee decided to award authors not only for the last year’s works, but for their writings in a wider period, the figure of the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, became “the guarantor of literature as it is mediated to an international public” (Braun 324). Literary prizes are important parts of literary systems, which can be defined as structures that describe the mode of interaction between authors, readers and markets.
In addition, literary criticism includes narrative criticism where the goal is to understand how each author wrote in order to produce a “desired effect on the reader” (Strauss 68). For instance, Mark was encouraging believers to stay strong under persecution by showing how Jesus endured the cross. Also, Luke includes so many outsiders—non-Jews, interacting with Jesus, which causes the reader to feel included in the Gospel story or to become one who includes those who have yet to meet Jesus. Additionally, literary criticism includes point of view; meaning, “The Gospel narrators always affirm the evaluative point of view of God, who is righteous and just and loving. By contrast, Satan and his demons are deceitful, evil, and destructive” (Strauss 70).
Literature has different meanings depending on who is using it. It could be applied widely to mean any symbolic record, enclosing everything from images and sculptures to letters. A Muslim scholar and philosopher Imam Ja’afar al-Sadiq defined literature as the garment which one puts on what he says or writes so that it may appear more attractive. Then, Panghilito Luigi added that literature is a slice of life that has been given direction and meaning, an artistic interpretation of the world. Normally, we can see that literature includes poems, novels, short stories and many more.
For being such a commonplace term, Literature is rather loosely defined. The term originated in the late 14th Century from the Latin root litera/littera meaning letter and was used to refer to writing formed with letters. Through the ages, several other definitions have come to pass, including Merriam – Webster’s, that says literature can be anything from written works (such as poems, plays, and novels) that are considered to be very good and to have lasting importance, to printed materials (such as booklets, leaflets, and brochures) that provide information about something. In this paper, we look at how written work developed since writing was invented and how crucial a role it played in shaping historical events and how in turn, history affected
Other authors and literary works can be borrowed from as well, but many are not as widely known or are well-known now but won’t be for long. Because of these limitations, many authors borrow from children’s literature when writing their stories. Children’s literature is recognizable and long lasting. Nathaniel Hawthorne an example of an author that takes references from Children’s literature. He displays this with his novel, The Scarlett Letter which contains a connection to Hansel and Gretel.
The Western Canon includes a wide range of genres ranging from works of Shakespeare to more modern works. To be placed in the Western Canon a piece of literature must show uniqueness and create an influence on culture. An example of such a piece would be Murder on Orient Express by Agatha Christie.
Literary aspect includes the categories of fiction, nonfiction, prose, and poetry. Literary narrative genres include categories such as history, legend, and myth. Secondly, the literary structure of the text is analysed in terms of setting, plot, language play, and theme. The setting consists of the basic context given in the narrative
The novel measure to its own time and have an accurate direction of its future development. The novel was a serious artistic genre for James and he recognizes its unique characteristics. He went beyond to even lay out the fundamental principles that make up its critical analysis. Although the novel is considered as valuable today, it was not always the case when it was first published. It was treated as an inferior literary piece of work that was unworthy of critical
What is Literature? Literature in this paper refers to foreign languages. It can be described as written texts with some sort of artistic value. This is a very broad concept, which when you think about it, often the first things that come to mind are poems, plays, short stories, novels, etc.… But there is much more to Literature than this. Diaries, auto-biographies, letters,