Paul’s epistle to the Ephesians is a rich, upbeat, and positive letter, full of warmth, theological insights, and spiritual depth. “Pound for Pound,” writes Klyne Snodgrass (1996), “Ephesians may well be the most influential document ever written” (p. 17). Its application for believers today is as significant as it was then. The Church in America, Snodgrass (1996) writes, “need[s] nothing less than a new reformation, and Ephesians is the document to bring it about” (p. 18). If Ephesians is such an important epistle, it might be helpful to know a little about who the Ephesian’s were and why Paul wrote to them.
During the premodern period in Europe, it was largely accepted that the Catholic Church had ultimate authority. At that time, there was no real division between church and state. Instead, all matters were heavily intertwined. However, Martin Luther, John Calvin, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, and Rene Descartes questioned the authority of the church and lead many people to consider that the church might not be the only authoritative figure to rely on. These men presented ideas that characterized a shift in authority that also is known as the shift from the premodern period to modernity.
Which makes sense because when you change from being atheists to Christianity, people would say you have had a change of heart, that results in a different end. The phrase “resulting in a different end” is also critically important to understand what is meant when Finney means “change of heart”. When someone swaps from one religion to another they start to praise the God they switched over to. In the example given above, if someone switches from atheism to Christianity, they would start to praise and glorify the Jesus Christ. This means this person that converted into Christianity gave up sinning of the flesh, and selfishness since he now looks up to the Lord, which can be proven when Finney added, “A change of heart, therefore, is to prefer a different end.
Fundamentally, idolatry is the worship of an image or object or the excessive devotion towards a person or item. From a religious perspective, idolatry is the worship of images and representations other than the true God. Idolatry is a practice whose scope is often misunderstood, prompting the efforts by different people to demystify the practice both in the past and in the world today. Martin Luther, for instance, explores his understanding of the practice in his Large Catechism, a text meant to guide Lutheran clergymen in their service. This essay discusses idolatry, with specific emphasis on Luther’s ideas and presentation of the same and its prevalence in the modern world.
Nestorianism, named after Nestorius, was built on the denial that Jesus was fully God and fully human at the same time; his explanation was something like a split personality between the human and the divine nature. The two natures could cannot coexist at the same time, however, they can switch back and forth; although Jesus has both natures inside on him, they could not both at the same time. Eutychianism was named after Eutyches, a man who opposed Nestorianism, who believed that Jesus’ divinity and human nature combined to create a new, third thing. He taught, “Christ’s humanity was so united with his divinity that it was not the same as ours” (Quash and Ward, 41). If Jesus was not able to be both man and God at the same time, he would not have the ability to save us from our sins.
The coming of Christ had a purpose, namely to serve the Lord and carry on his work. Similarly, we get the prophecy of Christ works as a priest (Psalms 110:4; Hebrew 5:6,10). Similarly, the Messianic Psalms included a prediction of the rejection of Christ. Christ was rejected by the Jews just as it was written in Psalms 118:22-23; Matthew 21:42; Mk. 12:10-11: “The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner”.
Christians believe Jesus is a divine embodiment of God walking on Earth, but they also believe he is the Son of God. In the Bible, it states: “And there are varieties of ministries and the same Lord. And there are varieties of effects but the same God who works all things in all persons.” (1 Cor. 23:4-6) Christians construe this statement from their Holy book, as evidence that there are three distinct Persons- Father, Son and Holy Spirit and yet it is one of the greatest misconceptions that significantly differentiates Islam and Christianity as separate religions.
Summary: Green begins his chapter by outlining two of the main ways that he sees popular Atonement Theology spreading. The first is the popular “Penal Substitution” doctrine, and the other is a disregard for the doctrine of Atonement Theology altogether. He then begins to form an argument against “Penal Substitution” by attacking the concept of God as the subject of the cross and Jesus as the object, an image that, to Green, paints God as an abusive father. In the same line of thinking, he debates the literal take that most Christians adopt when it comes to the New Testament metaphors.
It is important for us to notes that Paul is not writing out a systematic theology on eschatology. He just tries to communicate the truth of ministry and life to the people in his time. Paul has made a point to the Corinthians and against the false teachers in his time. I like that way Penna writes, “The mistake of the commentators has perhaps been to try to be clearer than Paul himself… Paul does not offer dogmatic solutions but rather offers only certain suggestions, opens up certain ways of looking at the at it, confirms or excludes certain perspectives typical of the Christian faith” (Penna 232).
Augustine refutes Caelestius’ ideas by using Scripture to show that we are righteous only by the grace of God through Jesus Christ. He showed that Caelestius is unable to explain many texts that speak of the sinfulness of all humans. Caelestius challenges the idea that the fall resulted in our nature being corrupted so that it is unable to do
What are the things in Christianity that you often put secondary or feel doesn’t apply to you? If you’re a buffet style Christian, you can choose to follow Christ and his entire Word and instruction. Don’t pick and choose what you like or feel that Christianity should contain. You’ll miss amazing things and aspects of life that’ll guide you to
The author tell if removing the historical section of the Bible we would still have a good portion left to support that it is the word of God, which the author sees clearly that they enter twain with each to prove history. Here is Oswalt concluding observation to the second question- does it matter in the end whether these accounts are historical or not? “The answer to the question is “no.” The conclusion with the scripture of Apostle Paul in I Corinthians 15:13-17, speaks very clearly about if Jesus Christ be not raised from the dead then believing of the gospel is in vain. That God did raise Christ from the dead and we whom have accepted Christ as our Lord and Savior are still in sin, if there be no resurrection.
These beliefs depend on a fear of God rather than sole worship, as He is portrayed to be a spiteful, all-powerful being. In my teaching, the fear of God was not placed within me. Instead, a deeper trust in God’s saving powers was instilled upon my beliefs, which attempted to draw belief from love rather than fear. God was portrayed as an all-loving being attempting to free us from the control of sin, which quite evidently contradicts the image of a vengeful God. Religion has shaped the way the
The author of Moody Handbook of theology, Paul Enns; speaks of the theologians that profess a God Is Dead Theology, in during so "deny all forms of traditional ontology and allow for no sovereign and conditioned Being but only a 'God ' w one h o at some point in the dialectic will His own self-annihilation." It was conclude that these theologians had borrowed from Bultmann, and their assessment was that the Bible is mythological. It is fair to say if assessment was to be take of the state of world today, they could very well come to the conclusion that the Bible just maybe a myth, and the lack of morals and moral values was birth in that 19th century nurture in the 20th century and will be the death of man in the 22nd century. In that one