The Iroquois League and the European Union One league from the ancient times and one union from the 1900s are the very reason for this informational essay. People wonder and ponder on the choice to join or not to join… the Iroquois League and the European Union, and then there are the questions of why was it created, how did it get created, and what happened? And to answer these questions we need to compare and contrast the Iroquois League and the European Union. What was the reason the Iroquois League and the European Union were formed? This question was one that has been asked throughout history and the answer to that is peace.
The Iroquois Confederacy was a group of five Native American groups, (Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayuga, and the Senecas, and later the Tuscarora) that congealed together to form a political confederacy. Before the arrival of the Europeans in the late 15th century, the Native American groups fought against one another frequently. They were caught in a perpetual and never-ending cycle of wars of retribution. This confederacy was created to maintain peace between all five nations and to be aligned against foreign invasions. Becoming one of the most powerful Native American groups in the northeast, the confederacy relied on a council of sachems instead of a chiefdom system.
The Iroquois Constitution is a political document which the mystic and prophet Dekanawidah, someone who travelled from village to village to urge their residents to stop fighting and join together, establishes the Iroquois Confederacy. The document was originally, not a document at all. The Iroquois were bound together by the Great Binding Law (or Great Law of Peace), which was an oral recitation passed down from generation to generation. The memories of these speeches were recorded in wampum shells, which allowed the Iroquois Constitution to be written down in the nineteenth century. Through the translation that is provided by Arthur C. Parker, it can be inferred that the Iroquois had very close-knit ties with the flora and fauna that surrounded
The Grand Council of Chiefs is composed of fifty Chiefs representing the Five (and later Six) Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. Originally a confederacy of five nations inhabiting the northern part of New York state, the Haudenosaunee consisted of the Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga and Mohawk. When the Tuscarora joined the confederacy early in the 18th century, it became known as the Six
In the late 1500’s, the five tribes Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca joined together to form Iroquois Confederacy. Before uniting they had been fighting with each other, a man from Huron tribe(the peacemaker) set out to end this war. The offer of peace was first accepted by the woman and this is how clan mother came to be the head of the family. These five tribes called themselves Haudenosaunee, meaning people of the longhouse. In 1723, the six nation Tuscarora joined the Iroquois Confederacy.
The Shawnee teamed up with the British to fight for the Ohio River. The Shawnee occupied the front lines of the British Army. The American, yet again, try taking control of American Indian territories as this was the cause of the war between the Shawnee and the Americans. The only way that the Shawnee would win was if they fought alongside with the British. As they did, The British and the Shawnee take over the Ohio River, but they had to agree to the terms of the Treaty of Greenville as they had to give up more land to get back what was theirs in the first
Deganawida was one such man. He sought for peace among Indians. He helped found the Iroquois confederacy through his desire for peace. He did this with the help of a Onandaga who was living among Mohawk Indians named Hiawatha. The Iroquois were also known as the Five Nations.
During the French and Britain‘s conflicts, the Iroquois Confederacy consisted of six nations: the Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Tuscarora. Although, I’m sure all of these nations have interesting backgrounds, I’ve decided to find out more about the Cayuga nation. The Cayuga nation has a very interesting culture, which includes the food they eat and the religion they’ve chosen to practice. The main foods involved in the Cayuga diet included corn, beans, and squash, also known as, the Three Sisters.
In 1742 the chief of Onondaga of the Iroquois Confederacy knew that his land that the people shared would become more valuable than it has ever been. (Doc B)The reason for this was because the “white people” also known as the Americans wanted the land of the chief. The feelings of the Chief result in complaining to the representatives of Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia,
The lived in small groups that were called bands, usually comprised of up to four hundred people. in each band, there was a chief, and each chief had a council selected from the elderly of the band. The chief along with the council were the lawmakers of the band as they were the one who settled arguments, distributed punishment, and hunting or fishing rights. In addition to the band, the other way in which Ojibwe were differentiated is clans. " Each dodaim [totem] was made up of people who shared the same ancestors.
Most of these tribes were set in desert-like places. These tribes figured out how to make an irrigation system in the middle of the desert to farm. The Iroquois were probably the more complex of the tribes. The Iroquois had a league that’s main goal was to join together for joint defense and for cooperation. This is quite interesting, as it compares
Culturally, however, there was little to distinguish them from their Iroquoian-speaking neighbors. All had matrilineal social structures - the women owned all property and determined kinship. The individual Iroquois tribes were divided into three clans, turtle, bear, and wolf - each headed by the clan mother. The Seneca were like the Huron tribes and had eight (the five additional being the crane, snipe, hawk, beaver, and deer). After marriage, a man moved into his wife's longhouse, and their children became members of her clan.