PZ: The reason I wrote the book was because of Abu Ghraib. A couple of years ago all of us saw those horrendous images of American soldiers abusing detainees. At the time, the Bush administration and the military were saying, "This is the work of a few bad soldiers, it's not systemic." WM:
The Abu Ghraib abuse is a real life example of what had happened in the experiment. American soldiers in the 2003 Iraq war trapped prisoners in detention sites which resulted in the American soldiers playing a role of prison guards. The soliders got so hooked to their roles of guards that they started abusing the prisoners. The violations included torture, physical and sexual abuse, rape, and murder. This just proves Zimbardo’s studies were true, that we all believe we are good but people can change due to influence and power.
The 1971 film, A Clockwork Orange, consists of many psychological concepts. Two concepts in particular seem to have the biggest impact and role throughout this film. These concepts being, classical conditioning and the idea that our environment and our experiences of nurture are what shapes us. A Clockwork Orange is the story of a group of young men who take pleasure in committing crimes and causing others to feel pain, they call themselves the “Droogs”. Alex, the group leader, suffers from Antisocial Personality Disorder, a disorder also known as “psychopath”.
This experiment was conducted using normal mentally stable volunteers and assigned them to be either a prisoner or a prison guard. The roles were selected at random. Once the people who were assigned as guards received the power in the prison, they began to perform humiliating acts towards the prisoners; humiliating acts such as striping the prisoners naked and other sexually graphic acts. According to Dr. Phillip Zimbardo, “Within 36 hours, one of the
He started to behave in a way that was cruel and far harsher than the rest of the guards and at the end of the experiment claimed it was because he was conducting his own experiment to see how far they would let him go until they retaliated. The way he behaved portrayed that, even though he might not have come into the experiment with the intention to release that behavior from within, but his actions became a roll that he took too far. A sociocultural component shown in the film were the ways that the volunteer guards interpreted the stigmas around being a prison guard. That they should be cold, strict, and unnervingly verbally abusive. Time upon time in the film, the volunteer guards were verbally abusive of their power with the prisoners.
Antisocial personality disorder is described to be the tendencies to disregard and violate the rights of others around them. (Psychologytoday.com, 2017) There are many symptoms to look at for the mental illness. The DSM-5 lists many traits that people carry with them when having the illness much like Randle McMurphy. Randle was arrested and sent to work on the work farms for statutory rape.
Selective incapacitation targets a specific type of offender, the type that is generally dangerous and more likely to continue offending outside of prison. Their prison sentences may be lengthier because of their unstable characteristics. There is a problem with selective incapacitation though; discrimination between races and ethnic minorities happen because they are more commonly found to be in the selective incapacitation approach. The other more expansionist approach is general incapacitation where the broad use of imprisonment is utilized “to achieve large gains in crime prevention by locking away even minor offenders” (Alarid & Reichel, 2017, p. 20). However, with this approach, the problem posed is overpredicting which results in avoidable long sentences for a population that would generally not
In the film 13th we see examples of how prison guards act in a real life situation. Brutality and humiliation are common place in this environment especially when race is involved. Both of these scenarios are vastly different, the 13th dealing with the prison system from a racial standpoint as well as a breakdown of how the prison system works once you are in it, while the Stanford experiment focuses on how people react under the extreme conditions of a prison environment. Both situations have to deal with the breakdown of men and how they are reprogrammed to conform to the new set of laws they must now live
First of all, every individual in society is entrusted by the government to obey the law and contribute to the community in a positive manner. However, incarcerated individuals have abused this trust by harming others and the community itself. Therefore, shouldn’t these individuals be further punished if they have committed crimes that made their victims suffer? Since it is believed that “human rights of prisoners are said to be ‘weak’ human rights,” then these law offenders could be punished by depriving them of their freedom with strict rules and even solitary confinement. In solitary confinement, prisoners may be punished by limiting human contact which have made prisoners “mentally even more ill” (Yamashita, “Human Rights of Prisoners”; Casey, “Solitary Confinement in the UK”).
While Dwayne Betts was incarcerated he suffered from many unpleasant experiences. The main things people experience in prison are: prisonization, the pains of imprisonment, total institution, and degradation ceremonies. Prisonization is basically how new inmates adapt to the norms, routine and culture of prison. Prisons are a microcosm of society with their own rules both formal and informal (norms). There is also a different set of values than on the outside.
Throughout the vivid examples of his memoir, what shocked me the most about prison life, is that the structure of correctional facilities are meant to bring degradation to the inmate from the very moment they arrive, to the moment they are released once again into society. To explain the degradation ceremony, Williams gives various examples, including the humiliation inmates experience when they are subject to a strip search (Williams, 40). Not only are inmates subject to the humiliation of being completely naked as a prison guard searches their body, but when in the shower-room, inmates are forced to shower in front of one another with no individualistic privacy; Williams states, that perhaps the thing that bothered him the most while incarcerated, was the fact that he was not able to hug his mother when she drove numerous miles to visit him (Williams, 46 & 47). In my opinion, the visiting restriction of not being able to hug your loved ones is the most psychologically degrading act that prisons can enforce. As I put myself in Williams shoes and think of how I would feel being subject to the many degrading things that occur inside these facilities, I wonder what is enough rehabilitation?
Cold, stone, rigid walls. A gray blotch of “food” that no one can recognize. Persistent abuse from those who are supposed to aid the mentally disturbed. This is what Lennie Small’s life would have been like if George didn’t shoot him: constant suffering. That is exactly what George didn’t want for Lennie, so he shot him.
In Michelle Alexander’s book, “The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness,” Alexander addresses a topic that many may not know is happing. Alexander addresses the racism towards people of color by using the legal system as a tool to legally segregate people of color as well as poor whites. Alexander touches upon the way politicians use the war on drugs as an excuse to build more jails to incarcerate poor people of color. She also talks about the way police use racial profiling.
Thus, O’Connor meticulously crafts the Misfit as villain, molded through unfair
Their power was unlimited; they had no boundaries. Because of this, they started doing small, evil acts, which quickly escalated to larger-scale acts of near malice. For the “prisoners”, the system was unsteadily and randomly created and reliant upon the “guards”, creating a very unhealthy system