Worldwide, it is estimated that one boy in every 5,000 will be born with haemophilia A and one boy in every 30,000 will be born with haemophilia B. There is no cure for haemophilia. However, with treatment a person with the condition can usually enjoy a good quality of life. In recent decades genetically engineered clotting factor medications have been developed to prevent and treat prolonged bleeding. These medications are given as an injection, the timing of which depends on how severe the condition is.
Blood Transfusion History Blood transfusions was one of the most important occurrences in history. A “blood transfusion is a medical treatment that replaces blood lost through injury, surgery, or disease. The blood goes through a tube from a bag to an intravenous (IV) catheter and into your vein” (Blood Transfusion). Thinking of another person’s blood into a whole different person’s body seems pretty dangerous since everyone is different. On the other hand, a blood transfusion today is very safe, “carefully tested, and tracked” (Blood Transfusion).
Drew made outstanding discoveries in the process of blood transfusion. Drew handled two of the largest blood banks during World War 2. Drew grew up in Washington, D.C. When Drew graduated from Dunbar High School in the year 1922, he went to Amherst College on a sports scholarship.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRAVENOUS INFUSION THERAPY Intravenous infusion therapy (IV therapy) is the commonly procedure in which liquid substances are directly injected or infused into a vein of the human. This way of administration is the fastest way to deliver fluids and medications throughout the body when compared to any other procedures. These way of administering therapies are normally referred to as Drips in the medical practices Fig 1.1: Patient receiving intravenous medication This type therapy is a very common procedure carried out in almost all the hospitals. Over 90 -95% of hospitalized patients are administrated with one or the other form of intravenous therapy in various medical treatments.
It has three functions one of them is that it transports nutrients, oxygen and hormones to cells throughout the body and removes wastes such as carbon dioxide and nitrogenous waste. It also regulates the body’s temperature, fluid pH and water contents of cells. And also it protects it by white blood cells, antibodies, and complement proteins that circulate in the blood and defend the body against foreign microbes and toxins. 2. List the structures and functions of the lymphatic system.
One of the main understandings of the day, proposed by Galen of Pergamon nearly 1500 years earlier, was that blood was a resource that was produced in the liver and consumed in the tissues and the brain. Harvey took immediate quarrel with this theory and set out to disprove it. He did this convincingly with what may be called a “Mass-Balance” calculation or quantitative argument. He determined that the left ventricle could hold approximately two ounces of blood through his study of cadavers. This information was essential because he could use this to approximate how much blood passes through the heart every half hour.
Obese people, those who don’t exercise often, pregnant women and people who stand for several hours are more prone to venous disease. The standard vein treatment technique when one has varicose veins is the vein stripping surgery. Today, however, any reliable vein specialist
“More than 36,000 patients nationwide are waiting for an organ transplant. Less than half of these patients will be transplanted; about 2,000 new patients are added to the waiting list each month.” (1) There is a higher demand for the need of organ transplants in our medical field as more and more lethal diseases are being detected. Deceased organ donors are people who have either been in accidents that are brain dead or who have suffered a cardiac death. While organ donors save many lives every year, the majority of people waiting for an organ transplant don’t receive one because they die first. This is because hundreds of healthy, use able, and in demand organs are buried and cremated every day.
The results have been very impressive as per other surgeons in USA & other parts of the world, who performed this procedure since the first done in England.Traditionally this weight loss procedure has been performed as a first stage of a two stage weight loss for super obese patients. Increasingly it is being adopted as a stand alone surgery for lower BMI patients as well. In this bariatric surgery, the surgeon removes approximately 60 to 80 percent of the stomach laparoscopically.
Blood donation makes all of this possible. (kleinman,2014) stated that There is also a kind of blood donation, one of the most common types of blood donation during which approximately a pint of whole blood is donated. Then the blood is separated into its components. Nearly 7000 units of platelets and 10000 units of plasma are needed daily. Also 21 million blood components are transfused each year.