Salary increase as an effective method to combat petty corruption of government officials Corruption is an issue that get major concern on almost all governments. According to World Bank (1997), corruption is “the abuse of public office for private gain”. Many countries, especially developing ones, are struggling to reduce corruption in government bureaucrats. Corruption among government officials is widespread from top to bottom level. It do not only happen on top level, where corruption is in form of political maneuver and policy making for profit gain, but also arise in middle to low level civil servants.
Scholars define corruption as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain at the expense of the public good (Karklins 2002). On the other hand, Stapenhurst (2000), defines corruption as the abuse of public power for personal gain or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance. The biggest issue that surrounds corruption is the misuse of public resources. However, corruption is not limited to the public functionaries as it also within the private, non-governmental sector. Senior (2006) argues that corruption occurs when a corruptor covertly gives a favour to a corruptee or to a nominee to influence action(s) that benefit the corruptor or a nominee, and for which the corruptee has authority.
Corruption affects our lives, society and economy. The corruption has affects both major and minor effect on the economic, which have a serious impact on the individual community and country. First, corruption leads to the depletion of national wealth. It causes increased costs of goods and services, the funneling of scarce public resources to uneconomic high profile projects at the expense such as schools, hospitals and roads. Moreover, it causes inflation and imbalanced economic development in market structures which cause economic delay in growth.
Corruption is the misuse of power by any authorized person. Authorized person may be a politician, a bureaucrat, a civil servant, member of the armed forces. Corruption is a very important global issue far more crucial than poverty or unemployment. It can also be said that corruption and unequal distribution of resources is the major cause of social instability and conflict in the society. Corruption has been a part of our economic and political life since ancient times.
How does the desire to pursue money and power negatively impact the characters' moral sense of right or wrong? Many people allow their social class and wealth to determine their belonging in life. In The Great Gatsby people with "old money" are more respected and superior than those with "new money". The characters' actions are driven by their desire for wealth and power. The carelessness that money creates allows those in power to bypass and disobey the laws because they believe their money will bail them out of trouble.
Many revolutions started because of government corruption. Linguistically, the word “corruption” when it used as an adjective it means utterly broken. In a general definition, it is the abuse of using public power on illegal targets or sometimes for personal gain or benefits by the governmental employees. There are many forms of political corruption. The most common are
Corruption can be considered a special crime where it might not involve reporting from a victim as both bribee and briber are winners in a corrupt transaction. It may be a situation where a corrupt public official receives a bribe from a contractor for granting his company a tender of a government project. This type of public corruption is relatively difficult to investigate and prosecute compared to other illegal acts (Wagner & Jacobs, 2014, p. 185). The reason is simply because corruption is often carried out by hidden ways and only among insiders, limited to a network of trusted actors and repeat customers (Lambsdorff, 2007, p.136-163) thus gathering of evidence is the biggest challenge for investigators and prosecutors. Even if one of the transacting party can be convinced to be a prosecution’s witness, the disadvantage for relying on his/her evidence is that he/she might turn hostile during the prosecution.
‘ Government, or 'political', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain. Corruption may include many illegal activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal. When power is abused within the confines of the laws, is called “legal corruption”. Politician often have the ability to make laws to protect
Child labor is illegal in Bangladesh but government officials can be bribe that means exceptions are made. Child labor is a reality even in our community, people are poor and corrupt government officials can be paid bribes. Human trafficking, child mortality, poor education standards, environment destruction and terrorism are all fuelled by corruption in the government. Corruption is more than just losing public funds but it’s all about the cost of people’s lives. About sixty eight percent of the countries around the globe have a serious corruption problem.
There is domestic and international inequality. ANALYSIS Corruption does not only affect the growth rate of income but also affect inequality and poverty. Corruption affects poverty by first impacting on economic growth factors. Corruptions will lead to lower economic activities, creates inefficient by increasing the business thus hinders income inequality then leads to poverty in economic. In the economic model, corruption discourages foreign and domestic investment (Chetwynd E, Chetwynd F and Spector B 2003).