The Major Reasons For World Hunger

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The number of people suffering from chronic hunger in 2010-2012 is 842 million, 12% of the world’s population with a decrease of 17% since 1990-1992. One of the reasons of the decrease is due to economic growth which improves the food access for the population. Developing countries such as Sothern Asia and Sub Saharan Africa have the highest number of undernourished people due to insufficient food [1]. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) the world is producing sufficient food for the whole population [2]. Approximately 1.7 billion people in the world are overweight and some consume at least six to seven times more than the minimum recommended calorie intake. This shows the world produced sufficient food but it is not distributed equally. The food that has been produced might not able to reach to some developing countries resulting in insufficient food in that particular country. Therefore the main reason for world hunger is due to food distribution and food insecurity. The 2009 Declaration of the World Food Summit define food security as “a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food, which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life" [1]. From this definition, it shows that there are four factors that will affect food security; food availability, access, utilisation and stability. Food availability is one of the factors that will

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