The Malthusian Population Theory

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1. The Malthusian population theory Before one goes on to discuss population growth, one has to first acclimatize to the dynamics of population growth. Such dynamics are brought into play by the Malthusian population theory. The Malthusian population theory is that, the procreative instinct of mankind is such that population always increases as fast as the means of support will admit (Patek, 1906). Patek (1906) continues by stating that the idea of Malthusian is such that no man has a right to assume obligation of paternity until there is reasonable certainty that he will be able to maintain his offspring until they are self-supporting. A similar description of the Malthusian population theory is given by Ehrlich and Lui (1997), which states…show more content…
According to Coale (cited by Ehrlich and Lui, 1997), England 's population doubled in the two centuries before the Industrial Revolution which yielded an average rate increase of 0.35 percent. There was an unprecedented population growth in the European history during the last decades of the 18th century but it began to decrease during the 1800, this reduction was brought by decreases in the national birth rates that occurred in France and the United States (Ehrlich and Lui,…show more content…
Urban areas can become important ally for long term sustainability also history has proven that fertility decline has always occurred first and quickest in cities, making urbanization a potent ally in fertility reduction efforts (Guzman et al., 2009). 2.3. Violence and security “While the marked decrease in population growth in many countries and regions is good news for those concerned about global population, it offers no clear relief for concerns about the security implications of population change.” (Goldstone, 2002). Violent conflict is mainly driven by disputes over a shared natural resource due to population growth, as such if government help is ineffective in attempt to remedy the situation violent conflict may surface. According to Brown et al. (1999), population growth has been a driving force in many modern conflicts, like the “soccer war” in Central America in 1960 to present day conflicts in central Africa. Other examples include structural and demographic-driven water scarcity in the Middle East and disputes in the Nile River Basin between Egypt and

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