It was August, 1939. United States President Franklin Roosevelt reads a letter sent to him from prominent scientists Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard. The purpose of this letter was to inform the President that the Germans supposedly discovered the secrets to developing nuclear weaponry and to urge the President to do the same (1). This letter changed the course of human history; from this letter came the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the code-name given to the American research and development of an atomic bomb.
Was America right to use atomic weapons against Japan? The dropping of the atomic bomb in Japan at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was the end of WWII. However, there has been much conflict considering the use of the bomb. In this essay, I will discuss reasons from both sides of the argument and justify my opinion.
On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt got a letter from Albert Einstein, which Einstein had really composed on August 2, 1939. The letter recounted another field of material science that was demonstrating that the component uranium could experience atomic parting, with the resultant arrival of a lot of vitality. Einstein depicted the likelihood that a maintained atomic response could be created and the likelihood of the development of to a great degree intense bombs. He portrayed the likelihood that such bombs could be conveyed by ship, in spite of the fact that he was doubtful that such weapons could be conveyed via air. He noticed the probability that Germany would seek after a similar line of research and that the Germans had effectively suspended the fare of uranium from the Czech mines in their recently obtained region.
Let's start off with how history is always changing and adapting. The Manhattan Project was dedicated to studying nuclear science. We, the U.S., were able to build the first nuclear bombs. There were two bombs, which used uranium 235 and plutonium 239. Never before had this been done in the history of the world, which I think is a pretty big change.
The Manhattan Project might have ended in 1947, but its effects lasted far past that (Palmer “The Long Shadow Of The Manhattan Project Part I: The Atom Bomb And Science”). One of its more prominent effects was the Atomic age when thousands of nuclear weapons were created and tested including the hydrogen bomb (“The Development and Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons”). To this day, the hydrogen bomb is the most powerful nuclear weapon, with the energy of 15,000 kilotons of TNT (Palmer “The Long Shadow Of The Manhattan Project Part I: The Atom Bomb And Science”). The Atomic age was also included the Cold War, when Russia and America competed fiercely in a nuclear arms race, though they never actually fought with the weapons (Majerol “The Atom
It was August, 1939. United States President Franklin Roosevelt was handed a letter addressed from Albert Einstein. The purpose of this letter was to inform the President that the Germans supposedly discovered the secrets to developing nuclear weaponry and to urge the President to do the same (1). This letter changed the history of our world, because from this letter, the Manhattan Project was born. The Manhattan Project was the code-name given to the American research and development of an atomic bomb.
Paul Boyer, the author of By the Bomb’s Early Light, has an unusually high level of expertise on the subject of atomic bombs. He is an American biochemist, analytical chemist, and a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is at the top of his field, and is a perfect candidate to write this book. Not only will he be an expert in the science of atomic bombs, but he will know the history of this kind of technology. Paul Boyer’s main idea in this book is more of a discussion of Nuclear Policy and a look back at the nuclear age.
According to Bowles and Kaplan, “the Manhattan Project began with scientific research at the University of Chicago in a place called the metallurgical Laboratory, which was a code name to disguise its use for nuclear research” (Bowles and Kaplan, 2012, paragraph 2). There are many different languages that are spoken in the United States. Mexicans may have a different way of living compared to other racial groups. Puerto Ricans are known for establishing the drink the Pina Colada.
Fears that Germany had the possibility of creating an atomic bomb sparked the Manhattan Project, the first attempt at the building an atomic bomb in the United States during World War II. In 1939 nuclear research was immensely intensified when knowledge that Germany had found a way to split a uranium atom. The splitting of this atom caused an explosion bigger than any scientists had ever seen, enough energy to power a bomb that could produce tremendous destruction. Albert Einstein, who fled from the Nazi’s in Germany, was the first to call attention to nuclear research in the United States.
The laboratory at Los Alamos was one of the main sites of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the development of the first nuclear weapons led by the United States. Launched in 1942, in the heat of World War II, the Manhattan Project was developed in order to create a new weapon after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941. The Einstein-Szilárd letter was written to President Roosevelt encouraging him to start a nuclear weapons program in fear of the Axis powers acquiring these weapons before them. Robert Oppenheimer led the development of the bomb, which subsequently led to the development of the bombs that hit in Japan.
The Atomic bomb should be eliminated and banned around the world to stop the potential destruction of our world. Julius Robert Oppenheimer, a scientist from New York, grew up in a rich household with access to the best schools. Oppenheimer was chosen by the government to work on this project and win the race towards nuclear warfare. This author states what deadly substance makes these bombs. "For example, he had moved readily from Niels Bohr 's purely scientific conjecture in the 1930s that U-235 is the fissile isotope of uranium to his own problem-solving estimate in 1941 of the amount of U-235 necessary for an effective weapon.
Zoellner wrote the book Uranium to give people who do not have much knowledge as to what happened during the Manhattan Project, a deeper understanding of the “uranium era” and to show the hidden business transactions that were made by the United States to become the “powerhouse” country that it is today. Zoellner later goes into detail about the aftermath of the dropping of the Atom Bomb. As well as explains how the whole process of the Manhattan Project affected other countries needs for uranium for instance, “But every speck of it had to be counted and hoarded; it was, at the time, the most valuable matter on the planet” (64). He then goes into detail describing which countries wanted bombs and what they were willing to do to get them. When
In 1942, Leona Woods joined the Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago at only 23. This made Leona the youngest of Professor Mulliken’s PH.D students. The United States led this project during World War II to build the first nuclear weapon. While much of this project was classified and not published we were able to find some information about what was done during this time by great scientist. She was the only female in her group, one of the very few females to be a part of this project, and probably one of the most famous.
During August of 1942, the United States began developing atomic bombs to use during World War II. The project was named the Manhattan Project because it was based in New York City and the surrounding cities. Later, the project spread to Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The U.S. worked among the United Kingdom and Canada to create more effective weapons. The second World War included two groups of countries: one group (Allies) included Australia, Britain, Canada, China, India, New Zealand, the Soviet Union, and the United States; the other group (Axis Powers) included Italy, Germany, and Japan.
Fuchs was a leading physicist on the Manhattan Project and a main scientist at Britain’s nuclear facility by 1949 (Holmes 2). For several years, Fuchs shared all of his notes from the Manhattan Project with the government of the USSR. Fuchs eventually was caught by the United States government, and his arrest exposed many other spies within the Manhattan Project including the famous Rosenbergs, Julius and