Not only one of the world’s first atomic bombs, but definitely a huge turning point in history, causing bucketloads of death and destruction. It all started in 1939, but only fully began their research on approximately September 23, 1941. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was frequently getting letters from supposed German scientists
The atomic bomb was one of the greatest and most destructive inventions in American history. J. Robert Oppenheimer is known to be the “father of the A-bomb” and received numerous praises for his work ("Oppenheimer: American Prometheus"). The Manhattan project, where the Trinity bomb was set off, was where everything fell into place for Oppenheimer and his career with the atomic bomb. “J. Robert Oppenheimer was director at the Los Alamos site.
The fields of science, technology, and fashion were positively impacted by immigrants. Albert Einstein changed America with his many scientific discoveries. Born in Ulm, Germany in 1879, Einstein immigrated to America in 1933. He is most known for his theory of relativity, which “proposed a revolutionary conception of the physical world, suggesting that time, mass, and length were not fixed absolutes, but dependent on the motion of the observer” (How I See the World). In addition, some of Einstein’s discoveries, would go on to make the atomic bomb possible.
Hitler’s principal motivation as the Nazi leader was the extermination of Jewish people. Thomas J. Watson founded IBM in 1911 and was president of his company. IBM at that point developed the predecessor of current computers, the punched card, which was essential for the administration of the United States’ Social Security Act of 1935. Hitler found admiration for his development and recognized Watson in 1937 with the "Das Verdienstkreuz des ordens vom Deutschen Adler" (The Cross of Merit of the Order of the German Eagle) which was the most unique form of appreciation that Hitler could concede to ambassadors, diplomats, and important foreign personalities. It was received among prominent figures such as Henry Ford, and James D. Mooney.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
In 1945, World War II (1939-1945) had been going on for six years. The United States had entered the war in 1941 and had only been fighting for four years. In a desperate attempt to end the war, the United States decided it would be a good idea to scare people by using the nuclear bombs they created (Brumfiel). On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped a bomb named “Little Boy” on the Japanese city, Hiroshima. Three days later, on August 9, the U.S dropped another bomb called “Fat Boy” on the Japanese city, Nagasaki (Hall).
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
Rutherford’s Impact on the Atomic Theory Rutherford had the most important contribution to the Atomic Theory because of his discoveries of the nucleus and protons, and his contribution to nuclear chemistry. Rutherford’s discovery of the nucleus and proton are very important to the atomic theory because they are most of an atom 's weight and protons define what type of element an atom is. His discovery of alpha and beta rays are important to chemistry because that is the foundation of radioactive decay. Before we begin, here is some background on the atomic theory. In 400 B.C.
Auschwitz was the Nazis largest concentration camp and operated from 1940-1945. In September 1941, the Nazis experimented in Auschwitz I with a new method of mass murder. Gassing prisoners using a chemical called Zyklon B. These experiments proved to be so successful, that the Nazis decided to build a much larger camp called Auschwitz-Birkenau, where they placed large gas chambers and crematoriums. These gas chambers had been specially built for this purpose, with a number of gas chambers at Auschwitz increasing, each year.