Nathan Huot Chapter 22 Notes Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was caused by economic development, population growth, agricultural revolution, expansion of trade, and an openness to innovation. The population in Europe rose exponentially with the fastest growth occurring in England and Wales where the population rose from 5.5 million in 1688, to 9 million in 1801, and 18 million by 1851. The Agricultural Revolution, which helped the innovations in manufacturing in the Industrial Revolution, was a revolution in farming that provided food for the city dwellers and forced poorer peasants off the land. In Europe, increasing production by traditional ways was a solution to the increasing demand that accompanied population
The steam engine was invented by one person, but perfected by many. It had a large impact on society, creating businesses and new life styles; therefore it was a turning point in the Industrial Revolution. Since the 1st century, the steam engine has had a long ride to perfection, as it was innovated over time by different people. In the late 1600’s and early 1700’s, people were stuck with the challenges of extracting water from the mines (Lira 1). Before the creation of steam pumps, the only way people could remove water from mines was to use many buckets and a number of pulleys (Lira 1).
Slavery survived the years during the Revolution, but major changes in the economy made any chance of unity between the slave-free North and the slave-driving South nearly impossible. The South’s slave-based economy had limited their chances of becoming as economically successful as the North. Innovations in transportation and communication such as the steamboat, canal, railroad, and telegraph sparked the beginning of the market revolution. These new innovations made it possible for people to easily sell their products.1The market revolution promoted freedom, and gave people the opportunity to improve economically. They were provided with new ways of making money, such as creating their own businesses and giving them the privilege of liberty to live as
The building of roads, canals and railroads played a large role in the United States during the 1800s. They served the purpose of connecting towns and settlements so that goods could be transported quickly and more efficiently. These goods could be transported fast, cheap and in safe way through the Erie Canal that was built to connect the Great Lakes to New York. Railroads were important during Civil War as well, because it helped in the transportation of goods, supplies and weapons when necessary. These new forms of transportation shaped the United States into the place that it is today.
As the Northeast began to develop industrially after the was of 1812, jobs were created providing both men and women the chance to earn a living. Though the idea of the industrial industry brought many positive innovations, the reality was not all it was cracked out to be. Working conditions proved unreasonable, and harsh. Though the innovations to come from the industrial industry were quite historical. Great Britain saw America start to slip away from their economical grasp, forcing great Britain to forbid any skilled manufactures from migrating to America.
The market revolution had a tremendous impact on many regions in the U.S., most notably the South and Northeast. The market revolution is a term used by historians to describe the expansion of the marketplace that occurred between 1815 and 1830, prompted mainly by major transportation improvements and various unique inventions to connect distant communities together for the first time. The South developed and thrived mainly from the cotton gin and the expansion of slavery. The Northeast flourished and bloomed from the factory system, interchangeable parts, transportation improvements, and women in the work force. The market revolution impact on the South and Northeast brought about widespread economic growth yet affected the regions differently, the South shifted from subsistence farming to commercial farming and the Northeast grew in mechanization and industrialization.
Before families lived as communities in the rural areas but industrial revolution led to urbanization, which attracted different people from different cultures to come to the towns in search of work, and they ended up living together, forming new societies (Freeman & Louçã 83-116). Economically, many countries have experienced the development of infrastructures such as the transport and communication sector, the health sector, and the agricultural sector, which have promoted good living standards for the citizens of these countries (Jovane, F., et al. 641-659). On the political front, countries were able to form governments since they were able to sustain their economies. The style of politics also improved from the ancient dictatorial system to the modern day democracy.
The United States experienced one of their greatest periods of economic growth, due to the invention of the steamboat. Steamboats started to come up in the transport of goods and people all around the United States, while barges and flatboats were slowly cut
Food that wasn’t “sold” could be traded with things other people had, so trading started to become really popular since then. With all the things going out around this revolution, now a form of government was necessary, and since it was necessary it was obviously created. Their government consisted in dividing the role people played in each job, they needed people to farm, cook, trade, and of course keep the order in the new society formed. Since population growth also came along with this revolution civilizations were being created, and with bigger civilizations comes the true form of government and social control which can also be seen today. In the actual world we have massive corporations that sell meat and vegetables worldwide, without the Neolithic Revolution we wouldn’t have that
Chapter-I Introduction 1.1: The Problem In the late 1700s and early 1800s the world saw the events we now call this Industrial Revolution. We transitioned from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy. During this time, technological and economic progress gained momentum with the development of steam powered ships, railways, and later within the 19th century with the internal combustion engine- an electrical power generation. The GDP per capita was broadly stable before the Industrial Revolution in and the emergence of the modern capitalist economy. The Industrial Revolution began an era of per capita economic growth in capitalist economies.
“Much of the blame heaped on the captains of industry in the late 19th century is unwarranted.” (Document F). The Gilded Age was a time where the U.S. economy grew very quickly and rapidly, due to the inventive minds and entrepreneurs of that time; but it has different perspectives of opinions in history today. This era led the U.S. to its state and place in the present world, thanks to its important contributors, (who are involved in the main debate of whether they were robber barons, unethical men who yearn for money, or captains of industry, leaders who add positive ideas and methods to benefit their country.) The industrial leaders of the Gilded Age are captains of industry, worthy of some gratitude and credit for how our society’s structure
During the period of 1870 to 1900 large corporations, such as the railway company, grew significantly in size, number, and influence. The cause of this was the need for a new way of transportation, the demand was great so the railways expanded all over the United States so that they could meet these demands. These large corporations affected the economy by making it easier to pay for everyday chores, politics in the way that it gave politicians too much power but in doing so gave normal limited power. The corporations had great power and influence which made them a huge impact to society. The economy was consistent in the United States during the 1870’s but as the years went on large businesses were able to lower the cost of food prices, fuel and lighting