For the Cherokee, everything had its proper place. The Aztecs, who were polytheistic, also used their religious beliefs in their ceremonies and rituals. The Aztecs used human and animal sacrifices as well as an advanced calendar in their festivals. Like the Cherokee, certain animals and numbers held significant meaning in their religious and everyday beliefs. The Incas were polytheistic like the Aztecs.
The two main topics of their texts were astronomy and religious views. Some examples of their sacred stories and text include: Dresden Codex Madrid Codex Paris Codex Books of Chilam Balam Popol Vuh The Ritual of the Bacabs gods/goddesses and deities : Mayan deities were individuals derived from nature which the civilisation depended upon most. The ancient Mayans had incarnations of sun, rain, moon, lightening, medicine, death and so on. Some examples of their most important God/Goddesses were: Huracan - God of wind, storm, fire Ixchel – Goddess of Medicine and Midwifery Buluc Chabtan – God of War Kinich Au – God of the Sun Chicchan – God of Rain Itzamna – God of Harvest people/social structure : Of course, at the top, was the king as he had the highest authority. Next, were the nobles and the priests who were the only members of the society that were educated, except for the king.
Located on the Yucatan Peninsula, this Mesoamerican society existed from around 300-800 C.E. (Bentley and Ziegler 138-139). Their tradition of human sacrifice came from their predecessors, the Olmecs (Bentley and Ziegler 137). This tradition was in the form of a game. The Mayan ball game, called Pok-a-Tok, was played using prisoners of war (Bentley and Ziegler 139).
The Madrid Codex is also known as the Tro-Cortesianus Codex. It is one of the three surviving pre-Columbian era Maya books that dates back to the Postclassic Period of Mesoamerican history, from around 900 to 1521 AD.  The Madrid Codex is held in the Museum of the Americas (Museo de América) in Madrid and is considered to be the most important piece in the museum 's entire collection. The Codex was made from long strips of amate, a Mesoamerican paper made from inner bark. The pages were folded up accordion-style like a screen.
Stones from their palaces and temples revealed many carved pictures of cocoa pods. 600 AD, Maya Culture: Moving from Central America to the northern portions of South America, the Mayan territory stretched from the Yucatán Peninsula to the Pacific
Teotihuacan was not built by the Aztecs, but was considered a sacred site; they believed was the birthplace of the new sun. Also, the largest pyramid in the world is the Great Pyramid of Cholula; it has the greatest temple of Teopanzolco. In addition, there is a temple called Calixtlahuaca. Calixtlahuaca is located outside of Toluca west of Mexico City. This temples is notable not because of its monuments, but because of its well-preserved nature (Ancient Aztec Sites in Mexico).
Sumerians had a polytheistic belief system, which means that the people believed and worshipped multiple gods and goddesses. These deities were associated with forces of nature such as wind, water, air, or other phenomena such as the sun, moon and stars. Some of the gods and goddesses found in Gilgamesh include: Anu, the father of gods, Ishtar who was the
The Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs are all ancient civilizations. They have evolved and helped create what our society is today. They were all similar in some way which connects them. However, they have unique qualities that help them be remembered today. The Mayan worshipped a broad array of deities the Mayan religion was characterized by the worship of nature gods.
The religious aspects of mayan culture is easily seen in the architecture of the great city as many stones are inscribed with messages describing or paying homage to their gods (the Maya had a written language). They also created upright stone slabs called “stelae” (pictured to the right on the page before) that bore commemorations, infact, “the oldest example of these stelae in Mesoamerica was discovered at Tikal and dates to 292 CE. It shows a ruler holding in his left hand the Jaguar God of the Underworld, probably a patron god of
Aztec Empire The Aztecs were a great Empire that lasted approximately 200 years. They entered the Valley of Mexico from North and founded their capital in the center of a lake. Their capital was called Tenochtitlan, and it was founded in 1325. In 1428 a Triple Alliance was formed with other two cities, Texcoco and Tlacopan, consolidating what we now call, the Great Aztec Empire. The primary source, The Broken Spears, not only tells us about the Conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spaniards, but it reveals us some of their social, cultural and political aspects.
Ancient Mesopotamia had four first cities: Sumer, Uruk, Ur, and Babylon. Sumer is located in modern day Iraq. The people of Sumer are known as Sumerians. Sumerians built many cities and because they lacked stone and timber they used mud bricks to build with instead. They influenced many cities with their arches, ramps, columns and pyramid shaped ziggurat (Document 1).
The Aztecs religious beliefs The Aztecs of Mexico City had very unique beliefs. They worshiped in the temple which is in the middle of the exhibit. The Aztec temples were almost always offering mounds, the priest of the Aztec religion would use these temples to worship and pray. They also used it for offerings to the Aztec Gods. The way the Aztec’s way of worshiping was praying and sacrificing.
The Sumerians worshipped many gods that is called, “polytheism”. They worship them in ziggurats. Ziggurats was a giant brick building with lots of ramps and stairs. They Sumerians believe that the gods walked down from the giant stairs. At the top of each ziggurat was a shrine.
Notably, the Great Sphinx stands at a height above that of a six-storey building, and it is considerably longer compared to a city-block. Astonishingly, the huge monument is wholly carved out from natural bedrock. It is found in Giza, a city of Egypt. The Great Sphinx guards the Giza pyramids to the Eastern side. The mystery of this monument and the pyramids borders on the time of their construction, the people who built them and why (Hagen& Rainer, 2007).