Aztec Empire The Aztecs were a great Empire that lasted approximately 200 years. They entered the Valley of Mexico from North and founded their capital in the center of a lake. Their capital was called Tenochtitlan, and it was founded in 1325. In 1428 a Triple Alliance was formed with other two cities, Texcoco and Tlacopan, consolidating what we now call, the Great Aztec Empire. The primary source, The Broken Spears, not only tells us about the Conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spaniards, but it reveals us some of their social, cultural and political aspects.
Every tomb has two essential architectural components that reflected their religious function, a burial chamber and a close mortuary chapel. Terracotta funerary cones were inscribed with the owner’s name and put above the entrance to the tomb. Tombs were filled with a artwork and objects that the owner wanted to bring with them to their afterlife. In most tombs they put Egyptian artwork in them because tomb art was considered sacred and magical. It was supposed to tame the evil forces in the universe.
In this codex a Spanish monk, named Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, documented the religion, ritual practices, social structure, economics and cosmological views the Aztecs. With the help of native disciples of Bernardino, the codex was written in Nahuatl, and also contains the Spanish translation of the Nahuatl recordings. In this essay, I would like to focus on the social structure of the Aztec people. After a brief summary about the origins of this civilization, I take a closer look at the main groups that made up the Aztec society by highlighting the main characteristics of them. No
History: Aztec Life and Culture The Aztec civilization is one of the most spectacular examples of culture and art found in world history. The Aztecs were a group of American Indians speaking Nahuatl who arrived on the North American continent from the arid cactus lands of Northwest. They settled in Mexico for centuries where they were initially enslaved by the other Nahua tribes before emerging as a powerful tribe. The history of the Central Valley of Mexico after tenth century A.D. is dominated by a long tradition of tribal conflicts that led to the fall of several civilizations, replaced by subsequent Nahua tribes. The Aztecs called themselves Mexica, which was the name of priest-chief from ancient, legendary times of Mexi.
The two main Olmec cities were San Lorenzo and La Venta, which thrived from approximately 1200- 900 B.C. During that time, it was known to be the best in Mesoamerica . Majority of their important arts have been found in and around San Lorenzo. After 900 BC, San Lorenzo was blocked by the influence of La Venta. La Venta was ferocious city, with thousands of residents and a impact in the Mesoamerica world.
“ In every case or society was organized by and around ceremonial centers modeled on the vision of the structure of the universe ( Carrasco 38). Indigenous Mesoamerican belief that in the places that were chosen to live were divine power of their gods to always do what is right and balance. From all the experience and alliances the Mexican confederation took control. This group was the reflection of all the work acquire from the other groups back in time. The Mexicas has a more advance in agriculture, trade, culture, and engineering.
Giza was said to be the staircase to the sun. Finally was Ramses and his temple, which surpassed all other Pharaoh’s temples. Khufu, Zoser and Ramses show that they changed Egypt in the way that they lived and through the pyramids that they built, these were the three that brought about the most change to Egypt through their lives and actions. Zoser was the first King of the third dynasty. During his 19 year reign he brought the
One of the most well known things about ancient Egypt are the pyramids. Most of these pyramids were built to be tombs for Pharaohs, ancient Egyptian rulers and their families. Over 130 pyramids have been discovered to date. Some of the most famous Egyptian pyramids can be found at Giza, which is on the outskirts of Kairo. Several of these pyramids are counted among the largest structures ever built.
Do you know the origin of the solar calendar or the inventors of it? North America before 1500 CE, also known as the Pre-Columbian era, was the era of some of the greatest and most beautiful civilizations, such as the Mayan, which created the solar calendar and many other inventions, and Aztec civilizations, which also had a lot of technology. History shows that these civilizations had a lot of amazing and interesting culture and life, they invented many important pieces of technology, they had many great works and temples, and interesting religions. South America, during these times, was beautiful but also had flaws. Due to the large civilizations drought and other factors occurred, which led to war and violence.
The cognitive approach to archaeology comes to archaeologists as a result of the New Archaeology movement, aiming to look how and why certain cultures and subcultures did what they did. Looking at the archaeological record can tell a great deal about the material aspect of the culture being studied; however, we are able to paint complex pictures of how they lived, what their environment looked like, and why the made these artifacts. The cognitive approach