The Medical Model

914 Words4 Pages
What is the medical model? This paper aims to critically examine the social model of disability, an organisation formed by disabled individuals in order for an equal and fair society for the disabled community. Every individual should feel and belong to a mainstream society which is also their human right. The social model developed after the publication of the fundamental principles of disability by the union of the physically impaired against segregation (UPIAS) in 1977.” Disability is something imposed on top of our impairments, by the way we are unnecessary isolated and excluded from full participation in society”.(UPIAS 1975) They argued that society was the key factor is disabling people as a consequence disabled people felt oppressed…show more content…
It also is seen as relevant as the pain, depression, illness suffered is a constant reminder of the disability. this incapacity is manageable if the impairment is made available. “Disability is something imposed on top of our impairments by the way we are unnecessary isolated and excluded from full participation in society. (UPIAS 1975). Impairment merely means that features of an individual’s body do not perform or they do but with difficulty. Disability is a consequence of damaging connections amongst people and within the individual’s social environment. Similarly Impairment is a fragment of these damaging connections however it is not the source or the defence of disability. Impairment can be seen as the damage, illness or the ailment that may be the primary or a source which inevitably leads to loss or change in psychological function. Meanwhile the disability is defined as the loss or restriction of chances to integrate in society on uniformed levels because of environmental and social impediments. (Oliver and Barnes…show more content…
So if a child is deaf their inability to hear is their weakness. This model has also been refereed as “personal tragedy model” as it considers the problems the people with impairment face are a result of how their bodies are made. Medical model also modifies the way disabled people perceive themselves leaving them to adopt a sense of negativity about their own personal image and bodies. Many disabled feel that their impairment blocks their involvement in social events. This form of oppression can also hinder a disabled person’s likelihood to challenge their segregation from the mainstream world. A disabled person is restricted by what they cannot do. Within the Medical model framework an individual’s limitations are the primary source of their difficulties faced and these issues can only be corrected through
Open Document