From a social model of view, impairment is the body, organ or function is missing or defective. However, disability refers to the lack of community awareness of the physical injury and concern affect they are in a disadvantageous position in society. This is excluded from the participation of mainstream activities. Obstacles to the medical model make the physical and mental disorders as a personal body or mental impairment lead to personal physical and mental function is limited, thereby creating restrictions on participation in social and productive activities.
Despite these beliefs of the physician, patients are left feeling discriminated against and feel unworthy of healthcare. Physicians go into this career to care for patients and they should go into this career willing to take care of patients of other gender identities, race, and other religious beliefs other than their own.
“A person’s disability defines who they are as an individual” (Draper). All too often, people with disabilities are placed in categories or groups due to their physical or mental capabilities. “I often think of what his life would be like if we hadn’t been able to put aside our stereotyped impressions of severe mental retardation—the hopelessness, the life-long dependency for his most basic needs, the inability to even communicate those needs to others” (Rabalais 43). If society does not give individuals a chance to actually show their capabilities, how would one ever know what their true capabilities are? “People tend to feel that a person with impairment is “still one of us” as long as the impairment is perceived to be minor and/or temporary” (Green 204).
First of all, the disabled have barriers that create separation due to their companies, workplaces and their peers. Some of the barriers listed by the CDC are, “a physical environment that is not accessible...negative attitudes of people towards disability… policies that are either nonexistent or that hinder the involvement of all people with a health condition in all areas of life.” This shows that many barriers placed on the disabled are from their environment, lack of communication, negative attitudes and nonexistent policies to help them. In addition, multiple barriers are often common and only make the overall separation of disabled worse. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states, “Often there are multiple barriers that can make it extremely difficult or even impossible for people with disabilities to function.”
People constantly look for differences in those who stand out rather than looking for similarities. Instead, these differences make people feel bad for them, giving them this sense of sympathy which is bad, “Sympathy literally diminishes the wonderful, replacing awe with pity or the delight of the “cute” (354). People with disabilities would be categorized under the “them” category since they are different and don’t meet the typical human standards. When people are different they are considered to be unordinary, Thomson doesn’t want the reader to think that of people with disabilities stating, “Imagining disability as ordinary, as a typical rather the atypical experience, can promote practices of equality and inclusion that begin to fulfill the promises of a democratic order” (Thomson 372). What is being said in this quote is that people need to stop seeing “disability” as unordinary and that doing so will help people start making the “unordinary” feel part of the community promoting equality.
An individual with an Intellectual Disability has significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behaviour, which covers many everyday social and practical skills, some also have physical problems. Being vulnerable leaves them more exposed to the social determinants of health (i.e. poverty, unemployment, social exclusion).A person with an ID have equal rights to health care, there voice is not heard and they are often over looked. I am alarmed by the figures and statistics I have uncovered in this assignment. I fear for the future of my patients/clients with an intellectual disability who have diverse health problems and have difficulties communicating and often on a low income. Inequality will always exist, whether it is based on gender, ethics, race or
Even with everything that has happened to show that the disabled are still capable many people still believe that they aren’t able to be independent. Many stigmas are surrounding the disabled community because of this. Those that are a part of the disabled community should be treated with more respect and more acceptance based on the past mistreatments, the stigmas of visible vs invisible disabilities, and the daily struggles they have to go through from the public's ignorance. Throughout history the treatment of those whom are disabled has been terrible, dehumanizing, and inhumane. In the 1800’s, anyone with a disability would be treated as if they were not human.
One such objection is that in regards to the notion that preventing more handicapped people from being born is a good thing, this might further alienate and call less attention to the current handicapped population. However, this objection within itself is flawed because it is almost a call for more people to be born disabled solely for the reason of adding to the ranks of the current disabled population. This is indisputably an unethical way of thinking as it seeks to subject more people to suffering for the sole benefit of a small proportion of the population. Furthermore, people who object say that preventing the birth of these handicapped people insults the existence of the current population of handicapped people by disvaluing their lives by saying their parents, if given the choice, would have chosen them to be different.
In health and social care, we tend to label individuals without knowing it and the outcome of it can be difficult for individuals to understand. However, labelling can be calling people names which can be offensive to the person and this can be referring to someone as be fat, uneducated, mean and weak. However, labelling people in health and social care setting can affect both the discriminator and the victims in a way that limit communication and appropriate services for the service users. In relation to labelling, if some discriminated against the other, the outcome could be that the individual can end up disrespecting the victim or causing an harm to the victim and the effects is that it can limit the the idea of seeing the real person behind the scene. For example, in a care home if someone refers to an individual of be fat this can be a form of labelling and this can affect the way the individual feels about his or herself.
In working with clients with intellectual disability there were a few occasions whereby a service user had passed away and I noted this process to be very confusing for the clients. In this sense the Kubler-Ross model has highlighted some limitations on individuality by putting too much emphasis on progressing through these stages to the reach the acceptance stage, which can be seen as promoting some allowance of comfort (Konisberg 2011). However, people with intellectual disabilities may have complications in identifying and vocalising their emotions with grief and in some cases may not have the capabilities to ever experience the stage of acceptance. The Kubler-Ross model emphasizes communicating with the bereaved or dying as a person centred approach whereby talking about the experience helps identify emotions and provide suuport, but as Wijne & McEnhill (2008) maintain difficulties in communication is a major complication for supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities through issues of grief and loss, inevitably impacting on their symptom assessment and support they
The main arguments that Davis Lennard has placed out for this introduction are the constructive views of normality versus disability. To summarize Lennard’s argument, he states that the majority of a population and/or society must be similar, to be recognized as “normal.” What is then “normal” is now seen as average, thus, creating a false illusion for one to “idealize” for something that is considered better than what is known as the average. And because we are constructed to have an ideal type of a body, we see a disabled body as the “problem,” even though that is not the case. Lennard states that the disabled body becomes a body that is less than an average body (aka normal body).
DISABILITY DRIVING ASSESSMENT Being disabled does not necessarily mean that you will be unable to drive a vehicle for the rest of your life. For people with serious disabilities such as : loss or impairment of one or two legs or arms, provision has to be made for special appliances, aids, and other vehicle modifications to enable them adapt to the changes and drive safely. In such cases, it is important to pass a disability driving assessment before your license can be issued.