With her Smith College education, graduating summa cum laude (Parry, 2010), and her passion for journalism, Friedan began to feel something was missing in a life of marriage and motherhood. Moreover, it was the questionnaire from her 1957 Smith College reunion, that revealed some unsettling results; that women were dissatisfied with giving up work, and education for motherhood (Parry, 2010) that set her determination to set a new standard for women, hence, The Feminine Mystique. With her book, she inspired thousands of women to assess themselves in a different light. Thanks to Friedan, women now believed they had a choice and the power to make choices, to be their own person, to be joyful, to learn, to work, be taken seriously, and no longer wear a false mask. And they could still be a wife, friend, lover, and mother.
As of 2013 this interest group has reported over 80,000 members. The women’s movement otherwise known as the feminist movement refers to a campaign with the aim of reforming issues such as, reproductive rights, pay gap, woman’s suffrage, and rape. Although, Schlafly is a notable conservative woman, recently her ideas have fallen out of favor in the right wing, in order to make room for new conservative women, such as Sarah Palin. In public appearances Sarah Palin is known for her pro-family, Christian fundamentalist ideals. However, something that is little know about her is that she supports feminism and even speaks highly of radical feminists such as Alice Paul, calling her a “grizzly woman”.
Advertising through magazines and television defined and transmitted the role of women and motherhood (Stoneham, Holt). During this time the ‘Seven Sisters’, a group of magazines traditionally aimed at homemaker women some including: Better Homes and Gardens, Good Housekeeping, Family Circle, and Woman’s Day, reached over thirty four million consumers, which is a great deal of women to convince what lifestyle they should live. In addition, propaganda was used to put women “back in their place”, after mem came home from war (Holt). Many television shows presented a set example of a normal american life, the most memorable one being, “The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet” (Stoneham). June Cleaver, Donna Reed, and Harriet Nelson were all television show mothers who acted the part of the idealistic housewife of this time period.
Just shortly after their first big setback the Soviets put themselves down again when on July 1967 Vladimir Komarov died when the spacecraft he was in failed to successfully deploy its parachutes on reentry, which lowered the morale of the Soviets program. Those were all the notable setbacks that happened before the Americans put men on the moon and “won” the
In Kennedy’s speech, he claimed that the United States would reach the moon by the end of the decade. He used multiple metaphors throughout the speech, he even compared the idea of space exploration to that of climbing Mount Everest. One of his most famous lines from this speech is, “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard”. This quote from his speech is an example of the usage of Pathos, in the fact that it provokes an emotional response from his audience.
An astronaut named Yuri Gagarin was launched in space, known as the first man outside the Earth’s orbit in the spacecraft Vostok I. These incidents hurt the pride and ego that caused the American’s to take a step at such drastic measures even though they faced many failures in the space race. The events in the space race still continue… After this incident years went by and finally the day arrived where America will take the upper hand. Apollo 11 was launched into space in July 20th, 1965. The space craft was named The Eagle.
Imagine below freezing temperatures, and the people around you shocked as they watch the tragic event of the Challenger exploding, causing its members, including first to be teacher in space Christa Mcauliffe, to die. On January 28, 1986, people watched as o-ring failures released flames, causing the Challenger to explode, killing its members in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Challenger explosion made an important impact on NASA’s space exploration programs, as well as the public’s view on space exploration. In 1982, National Security Decision Directive wanted NASA to focus on making a fully operational space shuttle program. The program was to be cost efficient and have at least twenty-four flights per year.
During 1960’s and 70’s we have the second wave of feminism, a rapid wave that strongly spread throughout United States (Encyclopedia Britannica). Major themes were gender equality and discrimination. A majority of females were complaining about the lack of opportunities offered, and the wasted time and talent as house wives with a short vision of children and husband. The influence of it also touched literature, an example could be considered Breakfast at Tiffany’s, which was written at that period. During the beginning of the novel we valued the strength that Holly had to break from the social norms and traditions and present a new image of a female in the society; her authenticity made Holly such an intriguing protagonist.
The book reveals the private angst which many middle class women were experiencing in the 1950’s as unwaged housewives and consumers. ‘Mystique’ was Friedan’s term for the ‘problem with no name’ – the psychic distress experienced by women who had no public careers and were immured in domestic concerns. The book is based in part on a survey of Smith College graduates. The book led to the birth of America’s largest Organization- NOW (National Women’s Organization) in 1966. Betty Friedan – a Liberal Feminist believed in the theory of liberal freedom for women.
One conflict that takes place happens when Dee arrives home from college. When somebody dies, it can take a toll on everyone around them, and their items may be all that people can take to remember them by. Mama told Maggie that she could receive her and Big Dee's handcrafted quilts when she married John Thomas. Revolted by Mama's statement, Dee exclaimed, "But they're priceless! Maggie would put them on the bed and in five years they'd be in rags.
Heaven’s Gate lost a lot of their members and eventually died out. Bonnie Lu Nettles died in 1985. During the early 1990s, the cult resurfaced as Applewhite began recruiting new members. Soon after the 1995 discovery of the comet Hale-Bopp, the Heaven’s Gate members became sure that an alien spacecraft was on its way to earth. In October 1996, Applewhite rented a large home for the cult in Rancho Santa Fe.
Seventeen years later the Columbia was destroyed on its trip back to Earth, killing all the crew members on board. Those two horrible disasters shook NASA as well as the world. We only think about the tragedy they were. We never hear about the good that came after the accidents. After both events, the space shuttle program investigated the accidents and then came back stronger than it was before.
Women’s Movement--Phyllis Schlafly Not every woman with six children has the courage and time to fight for the privileges of women, but not every woman is Phyllis Schlafly of course. If we go back in time, we all know that many women have been suffering inequality for decades. For example, the obligations of women were to stay at home as moms or wives, and usually they depended on their husbands for everything. However, “Schlafly, a conservative activist best known for her opposition to modern feminist, and successful campaign against the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,” believed that American women are the most fortunate people because they can have children and men don’t, but also that women can do anything they make up
“Divorce rates increased because some educated women shunned marriage and believe only remaining single could they play roles they envisioned in the public world (Brinkley, Pg. 481).” Women of the progressive era felt they were being left out from developing careers. “So some women enrolled in new women colleges, some middle class women had become physicians, lawyers, engineers, scientist and managers. But moreover women jobs that society felted were suitable for them such as