The Mongol Empire

738 Words3 Pages
The Mongol Empire lasted for more than a hundred years, and throughout their reign, they left lasting impressions on Europe and Asia. Their conquests left millions dead, yet they changed much in the regions which they conquered. Their rule enabled the unification of the Mongol tribes, cultural progression in the Middle East, and innovations in multiple fields in China. Throughout their reign, the Mongols left three clear principal legacies: innovation throughout their empire, increased cultural contact, and a lasting environmental benefit. Principal legacy is the lasting imprint a being or object makes on a large scale. In summary, the Mongols should be judged mostly positively by historians because of their principal legacies: the innovation…show more content…
One example of innovation by the Mongols can be seen in their currency. When the Mongols “increased the amount of paper money in circulation and guaranteed the value of that paper money in precious metals”, they used a precursor to modern currency. Modern currency is paper money based off of the value of gold. This was an important stepping stone for the development of modern currency. This left a lasting impression on the Mongol empire which lasted even after it split up. The Mongols also used a system of ten, which organized the military into “units of ten, a hundred, a thousand, and ten thousand”, creating a military based off of loyalty and merit rather than familial ties. This system was also a critical predecessor to modern military, which works extremely similarly to the Mongols’ system. This shows it is possible that the Mongols’ military system influenced how militaries worked after the Mongols’ fall. Finally, the “Mongol Khans […] funded advances in medicine and astronomy […] and their construction projects […] promoted developments in science and engineering”, showing how their rule allowed them to promote development and discovery in all fields. These advances and projects stayed in Asia even after their fall, and these innovations inspired further learning and progress, showing how the Mongols left a positive…show more content…
They “allowed for travel along the trade routes for monks and missionaries, traders, and explorers,” which allowed for famous explorers such as Marco Polo to explore and learn about Asia. Marco Polo and his learnings have since become a well-known resource for the culture and inner workings of the Mongols. His works also talk about the generosity and wisdom of Genghis Khan, and it gives an inside look on how the Mongols operated. This was all possible because the Mongols allowed explorers to travel throughout their lands, showing their understanding that freedom of movement would leave a lasting impact on the world. In addition, the trade routes the Mongols opened up introduced Europeans to “Asian goods […] [,] and the ensuing European demand for these products eventually inspired the search for a sea route to Asia. Thus, it could be said that the Mongol invasions indirectly led to Europe’s “Age of Exploration” in the 15th century.” This left a major impact on the world, as Christopher Columbus discovered America inadvertently on a search for a sea route from Europe to Asia. The discovery of America was a major event in world history, and it only happened as it did because of the Mongols’ influence on the Age of Exploration. This shows that the Mongols’ reopening of trade routes influenced major world history events in a positive
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