The Mongolian Empire

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The Mongolian Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries, the Empire is known today as one of the largest land mass empire ever in history known to man. The Mongolian empire originated in central Asia and with time covered from the Sea of Japan to Eastern Europe. The key factor, which focused on the formation of the Mongol empire, was the unification of the nomadic Mongolian tribes under Genghis Kahn. While the key factors of expansion was the Composite bow and their use of horses, their military power and their use of other nations engineers during sieges. All of these factors played a key part in creating one of the biggest empires known to men.

Without Genghis Kahn the formation of the Mongolian empire may never have been formed.
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But in ‘1206 there was at least 105,00.’ (Sverdrup, 2010). Although the military origination and strategies were simple they were extremely effective, each squad was made up of the four main tribes the Arbans, the Mingghans, the Tumerns and the Zunes. The Mongolian empire was famous for their horse archers, but their lanced armed Calvary were as equally skilled with their weapons as the archers. As the Mongols concurred more cities they recruited many other strong soldier types thus allowing them to become a force to be reckoned with. After concurring most of china they recruited the bombardier corps who were classified as master builders and Chinese engineers, thus giving them people who could build siege weapons. But unlike other armies the Mongols usually didn’t carry siege weapons as they would slow down the speed in which they could travel so instead they would get the Chinese engineers and bombardier corps to build “catapults and trebuchets on the spot using the available local resources.” (Rogers & Clifford, 2010). It was this type of adaptation, which allowed the Mongolian empire to spread so far and so…show more content…
The material used was classified "A combination of many technical factors made the composite flight bow better for flight shooting.” (Kooi & Bergman, 1997). This was what actually made the composite bow the key weapon for steppe warriors and steppe horsemen for over approximately two millennia. Mongolian troops were classified as some as the most skilled people who could use the composite bow. The composite bow can shoot approximately just over 200 meters. And due to it being so small due to its composite construction it made for a strong and accurate bow that could be used on the back of a horse easily. Targeted enemies could be easily hit at around 175 meters, by knowing this it allowed the Mongol army to figure out the best tactical distance for the mounted archers to engage with the enemy. Horse mounted archers main tactics would be “skirmishing; meaning they would approach, shoot, and then retreat before any effective response could be made.” (Strategikon, 1984). This was an extremely useful tactic as it enabled the horse archers to attack and withdraw before hardly any injuries or deaths could occur from an enemy due to them taking them by surprise. The Mongolian Empire had no problem killing people and due to this the concurred lands went through dramatic decline in populated areas. Before the Mongol Empire concurred North China it had a
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