The Montessori System In The Montesori System

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Recently, Montessori Education has been introduced in Mainland China, and this educational system has become increasingly popular among Chinese. Dating back to 1906, Maria Montessori set up the Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House), which was the embryo of Montessori system today (Kazdin, 2000). In this point, wondering why is Montessori system effective and successful is a common consideration among the parents. In the following content, Montessori classroom approach would be analyzed by some learning theories. To know about Montessori, the first glance should be focused on the classroom. Stepping in a Montessori classroom, you feel clam and quiet. A comfortable environment is indeed necessary for learning. According to Guthrie’s theory, environment should be arranged to present the stimulus that the desired response attaches to (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2013, P. 211). In Montessori classroom, “distinctive learning materials are displayed on open, easily accessible shelves” (American Montessori Society, 2016), for instance, books and child-size kitchen tools. In this way, children are exposed in an environment that full of stimulus, which activates the desired learning that we expect. Moreover, Montessori teachers “built into many of the materials is a mechanism (“control of error”) for providing the student with some way of assessing her progress and correcting her mistakes, independent of the teacher” (American Montessori Society, 2016). According to Piaget’s theory of optimal

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