During recess, students learn to resolve conflicts, solve problems, negotiate, and work with others without adult intervention. Cognitive abilities may also be enhanced by recess. Studies have found that students who do not participate in recess may have difficulty concentrating on specific tasks in the classroom, are restless and may be easily distracted. In addition, recess serves as a developmentally appropriate strategy for reducing stress. Contemporary society introduces significant pressure and stress for many students because of academic demands, family issues, and peer pressures.
(Ireland) (Smith) In conclusion, the question still remains “Should all high school students be required to complete parenting classes?” By my research that I pulled, it would be highly beneficial in helping with teen pregnancies and parenthood preparation. These classes teaching teens about responding to their child’s behavior skills. If they are in high school, it teaches them how to maintain their grades and not to drop out. It helps with post-partum depression after the teen feels obligated. And last but not least it puts the students into concertation of safety
Working as a teacher assistant means displaying a modelling behaviour towards children, young people and adults. Modelling behaviour can be reflected by several ways but our behaviour and communication are the first reflection of our personality and image. School are the first institutes children come to meet new friends and skills to tackle them individually. Effective communication is a two way process, it involves how we say and how considerately we listen to the other person. It is very important to listen to the child even though it doesn 't make sense because that 's how you are building confidence and self esteem in him or her which will help him later with other peers.
This is because Montessori teaches children to explore independently and work on activities which interest them and guidance is given only to a certain extent when help is needed. I feel that this would actually bring out the inquisitive nature in them for they would be intrigued by the activities which they choose to discover more about. Also, without giving the children any test or examination, there would be significantly less competitiveness in the class. I believe that all these would in turn allow the children to develop a love for learning, which is very important in
So it would seem that behavior is key to the goal of the teacher and by re-enforcing positive and ignoring and stifling negative behaviour teachers can control and conduct behaviour which is key to classroom management. Although these behaviorist strategies have been considered and used from 1960’s. There is still some Skinner in the classroom today and not only used to control behaviour but to reward through reward systems. Hussang on her presentation on key classroom management theories claims that “Skinner’s work has been directly incorporated into modern school systems. Though rewards were utilized for good
Discovery learning is a method of inquiry-based instruction. Discovery learning believes that it is best for learners to discover facts and relationships for themselves. There are varying definitions of what discovery learning is. A review of the literature suggests that discovery learning occurs whenever the learner is not provided with the target information or conceptual understanding and must find it independently and with only the provided materials. Within discovery-learning methods, there is an opportunity to provide the learners with intensive, or conversely, minimal guidance (Prem Lata 2005) and both types can take many forms (e.g., manuals, simulations, feedback, example problems).
Vygotsky assumes that learner will learn best when actively participating in a learning session with the teacher through doing constructed activities. Vygotsky builds a theory of Zone Proximal Development (ZPD) which is an undercover area of knowledge that a learner can build when teacher able to refine the way of learner perform. In social constructivism, the role of human linguistic abilities enable learner to outdone natural limitation. Vygotsky ZPD will enables the learner to reach a potential development by the guidance and participation or teacher as facilitator and peers. A learner capability of problem-solving and understanding situation will be upgraded above their actual development because constructivist believes the cognitive structures that still in the process of maturing will mature after compromising with the guidance or with the participation with others.
Thus it can be said that formative assessment supports the expectation that all children can learn to high levels and poor performance students who has the lack of ability and therefore become discouraged and unwilling can benefit from it. While feedback generally originates from a teacher, learners are also supposed to play an important role in formative assessment through self-evaluation. Two experimental research studies have shown that students who understand the learning objectives and assessment criteria and have opportunities to reflect on their work show greater improvement than those who do not (Fontana and Fernandes, 1994). Students with learning disabilities who are taught to use self-monitoring strategies related to their understanding of reading and writing tasks also show performance gains
(Cambridge Assessment Network Keynote, 2006). Students have different learning skills and it will be important for teachers to take into considerations to recognize them and balance the assessment of their need. This study found out that when the strategies used are effective for all students. Furthermore, assessing students is necessary measure the effectiveness of instruction, good assessments are constructed based on what works for students (Regier, 2012). However, research has shown that assessment instruments need be to appropriate to the materials or subject being taught.
Stripling (2008) states that John Dewey’s ideas of leaning is, “through experience that learners draw meaning by connecting on experience to another and to the future and organizing the ideas that emerge from the experiences” (pg.51). I believe that children learn best in an environment that promotes learning. A learning environment that promotes learning includes where students are active participants as individuals and as members of collaborative groups, student work is valued, appreciated and used as a learning tool, and students have cooperative and self –directed learning. Growing up in school, my teachers encouraged participation from all their students and they helped us learn about valuing others and their opinions. We did not do any collaborative groups, but working at a school all the teachers have implemented collaborative groups in their lesson plans.