Analytical Perspective: Montgomery Bus Boycott Background Due to the Jim Crow laws enforced in many southern states, the bus system in many of these states were segregated, with the white passengers being able to sit at the front of the bus (and the majority of the bus). The ‘coloured’ passengers had to sit at the back of the bus, entering from a different door than that of the whites. This was especially true in the bus ring of Montgomery, Alabama. This was tiring for the black population who had to use the public transport to get to their jobs. Actual Events On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks sparked the beginning of the boycott of the Montgomery buses, and the beginning of the civil rights movement as a real, tangible force.
In 1955 a year after the first Brown V. Board of Education case Rosa Parks stood her ground in a bus. Making another huge impact in the U.S. Causing boycotts and protests, mainly led by Martin Luther King Junior. The case even paved the way for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which was then followed by the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, both were monumental in the fight for Civil Rights. Private Schools even had to participate in the ruling also, In 1974, in the Runyon V. McCrary Court Case, the verdict was that if a private school didn't want to enroll a student because of race was violating civil right laws.
Brown’s view gives one an overview of Detroit that was perhaps built on the wrong foundations, and which led to what it became in the twenty-first century as well – the fourth city of the United States that died because of its race intolerance. One could almost stop the discussion right here, as he sums up the entire city in this one pamphlet. There were Union issues, race issues, political corruption, and above all else, the housing for “negroes” were neglected over time. The Black people were provided with housing yes, but were living in slums, hence, with the added disadvantage of continued segregation. The riots of 1943 were eventually caused by some of these elements.
The organization, therefore, played a significant role in the civil rights movements as indicated by the opposition to the introduction of racial segregation into the policies hiring and offices of the federal government.By the begging of 1960, the group has approximately 6000 members and over 50 branches across the nation(NAACP,2013). The high numbers enabled the organization to be influential in winning the rights of back people to serve as officers during the World Wars. In the subsequent years, the group played an increasingly important role in organizing nationwide protests that included marches in many cities against the silent movie by DW Griffin Birth of a
For example, According to source A, the Montgomery bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. Rosa Parks boards a bus from work, the bus gets full and the driver asks her to move seats because she is black and blacks have to sit in the back. She refuses and she is arrested and fined because Jim Crow laws in the south segregated areas for whites and blacks. Another fine example of segregation according to source C is the Plessy vs Ferguson court case in Louisiana when Homer Plessy buys a train ticket for first class, but being one eighth black is moved to a, “blacks only car”. The Jim Crow laws even segregated train cars so blacks and whites would not be next to each other.
The protagonist, Rosa Parks, felt like a caged bird when she sat in the Cleveland Avenue bus, because she was tired of letting the white people control her life, and the dark memories the bus driver brought back made her feel worse. The main character, Rosa Parks, gets on a bus and regrets it immediately after she discerns the bus driver. “It was the same driver who had put me off the bus back in 1943, twelve years earlier… I do know most of the time if I saw him on a bus, I wouldn’t get on it” (168). The protagonist remembered the bus driver and avoided him for more than a decade, because she felt violated and wanted to prevent the same event from happening again. The act made her feel caged, because it affected her daily routine, and her life didn’t advance the way she desired.
For example, Source C states, “Two years earlier (1890) the states of Louisiana passes a law requiring racial segregation of train cars.” This shows that the people made it such as big deal that they took away the right away from African Americans to ride the same bus as others. This also shows that segregation is causing issues having to do with where African American people can go and how they can get there. In addition, Source C also states, “JIm crow laws also led to the disenfranchisement of African American voters.” This shows that some African Americans also got their right to vote taken away depending on where they lived. This also shows that since states only recognized African Americans as “separate, but equal” they cared less for their legal rights and privileges. In conclusion, many African Americans had the legal rights that were granted to them taken away due to
Racism against Black People in the United States Amal Mohamed Qatar University Racism against Black People in the U. S Fifty years ago, a black American woman named Rosa Parks refused to leave her seat on a bus she was riding on her way to her home in Montgomery, Alabama, in the United States after finishing a busy day working as a tailor. The Jim Crow laws in the States at the time stipulated that blacks pay the ticket price from the front door, board the bus from the back door, and sit in the back seats, while the whites have the front seats. It 's even one of the rights of the driver order the black seated passengers to leave their seats in order to be seated by a white person. That day, Parks deliberately didn 't give up her seat to one of the white passengers and insisted on her position, simply refusing to give up her right to sit on the seat she chose.
In her home state Alabama, the civil rights movement was the main focus because the blacks and white were segregated. The African Americans were not allowed to drink water from the fountains of white Americans. They were not allowed to enter in the rooms and hotels of white people. The white Americans had rights to humiliate them because they were forced to leave seats for white people in public transportations. In 1955, Rosa Parks got a prominent place after refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus.
In 1964 Martin Luther King Jr gratefully (Ly adverb) won the peace prize, Then King got murdered after he gave his “Mountaintop” Speech, King was murdered on April 4,1968 he was shot in the and died instantly. The civil rights movement was having a freedom 's struggle because (because clause) there was a lot of “Whites Only” on certain doors which (which clause) meant that no blacks were allowed in that place or restaurant. Congress sent out soldiers to protect African American students from the angry Caucasian police and people. (1 sentence opener) There are 3 important people named John F. Kennedy, Ruby Bridges, and John Lewis. John F Kennedy is one of the hero’s that had a huge struggle with