Representatives from both athens and other Aegan aty-states met in Delos to form a coalition, that was later known as the Delian League. The Delian Legue was formed for mutual defense, but it was also made to liberate the Greek Cities of Lonia from the Persian rule. A couple of years the Athenian General Cimon wins a great victory over the Persians at the mouth of the Eurymedon River, in southwest Turkey. Herodotus, known as the “father of history; wrote his accounts of the Greco-Persian wars from a vantage point in Asia Minor in 460 BC. it is now 455 BC and the Greeks suffer a major reverse, when their fleet is trapped in the Nile and destroyed by the Persians.
One reason is so that the people could retreat there if ever under attack! The acropolis was destroyed by the Persians when they attacked it in 480 B.C. No, the Acropolis didn’t stay destroyed you see in the 5th century it was rebuilt. The Acropolis contains many beautiful buildings, but its most famous one is the Parthenon.
Greeks had conquered the world, so they exported their way of life. But, there are no kingdoms without a king, and with Alexander’s swift and stunning compromise, his empire would crumble almost as quickly as it was built. 404 BC., a long and bloody 27-years’ war has come to an end. Athens is dominated and destroyed
Atop the Acropolis is the Place to be! Introduction The Acropolis of Athens is a monumental landscape nowadays with historic significance that was built during the Golden Age of Athens. The Acropolis served as the preeminent sanctuary of ancient Athens with the purpose of providing sacred grounds that were dedicated to the city's matron deity, Athena. The Acropolis is usually mentioned with the temples built on top of it; the Parthenon, the Erechtheum, and Athena Nike.
Alexander the Great reigned after the assassination of his father at the age of 20. The young ruler was born in Pella, Greece. Standing before the death of his father, Alexander vowed to complete the plans of his father of conquering the Persian Empire. “Although Alexander was both
After the formation of the Hellenic League which successfully repelled Persia from Greece, the alliance broke up into two major forces. Thucydides claims “at the head of the one stood Athens, at the head of the other Lacedaemon, one the first naval, the other the first military power in Hellas.” (1.18) Athens and allies became the Delian League, which continued fighting in Asia Minor in order to conquer and liberate Persian controlled Greek states, and Sparta and allies formed the Peloponnesian League. However, once peace had been established with Persia in 449, the Delian League was reformed and Athens held hegemony over the allies and utilized them as tribute paying subjects.
As soon as boys born in Sparta were old enough to start learning they would be put into military training. The Spartans most likely wanted to get an edge on other nations around them and probably wanted to be prepared for war. Which was pretty typical of Sparta at that time since they had fought Persia some years before. Persia was conquering many areas around the Aegean Sea and tried to attack Greece, but thanks to the alliance of Sparta and Athens and other nations they were able to stop them for some
According to Thucydides, Athens became the ultimate empire having power as the leader of the Delian League. (Hunt, Pg.100) Athens was superior and had power, which put terror in the surrounding city-states. Athens allies had put up a protection wall to protect Athens from the Spartan attack by land. Sparta had their hands full.
The wars that were between Persia and Greece are called the Persian wars. There were a total of two invasions, one in 490 and 480 B.C.E. The city-states of Greece came together to fight the persians. Their victory kept the entire civilization alive. If Greece had been defeated, the world may not have inherited things like, classical architecture and sculpture, theatre, Olympic Games, and even democracy.
The Statue of Zeus is a very famous structure made by the architecture,Phdieas. The statue was nicknamed Altis. Those who came to watch the Olympics were able to see the Statue of Zeus. The Temples began in 470 B.C. and ended in 450 B.C. The statue,on the other hand began construction in 435 B.C. and ended in 422 B.C.
Furthermore, he led them rebuild their temple and worship there God without a problem. In the year of 480 BCE King Xerxes took over the Persian Empire it was a disaster because he tried to increase the Persian Empire by trying to take over the Greek Empire, however the Greek Empire didn’t allow that to happen and attack the Persian Empire. Until 333 BCE when
Pausanias (d.c.470-465) was a controversial Spartan who commanded the victorious Greek army at Plataea, but who was later accused of treason and executed in Sparta. Pausanias son of Cleombrotus was a member of the Agiad royal family. He was a son of King Cleombrotus I and nephew of the famous King Leonidas. After Leonidas was killed at Thermopylae in 480, Pausanias became regent for his young son. In 479 Pausanias commanded the Greek army that defeated the Persians at Plataea, effectively ending the Persian threat to mainland Greece (Greco-Persian Wars).
Thermopylae: Thermopylae was a battle fought between the Greek alliances within the city-states, which was led by King Leonidas of Sparta and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Peloponnesian War: Athens and Sparta united during the Greco-Persian wars, after the war was over, Athens grew more powerful this caused tensions to rise between Sparta and Athens. They fought each other for nearly 30 years until Sparta was victorious. Unfortunelty Athens was left bankrupt and demolished.
The Greek had defeated the invading Persians and Athens had risen in power, prevailing over the rest of Greece in the political, cultural and economic arenas. Athens erected a temple, The Parthenon, dedicated to the goddess Athena using an order of architecture referred to as "The Doric Order. " There were three orders used in ancient Greek architecture, Doric being the earliest and simplest of the three. The Ionic order was the next to be used