In Hamlet 's soliloquy of "to be or not to be", he mentions an essential topic of existentialism. He is debating whether or not he should live. A sane person would not be questioning their own existence in that manner. The speech is spoken in verse which means that it is spoken in Hamlet 's sane self. The phrases spilling out of his mouth are not an act. In the speech, Hamlet interrogates himself with questions that sane people would not be able to answer themselves. Hamlet has been overwhelmed with the conflicts that have been occurring around him. The conflicts escort him to becoming easily pressured and desperate in finding a solution about the death of his father. He is very impatient to seek vengeance for his father and wants to kill King Claudius by any means at all. "To die, to sleep" is where Hamlet is discussing about his thoughts of suicide. It reveals a side of depression that Hamlet
Bargaining is an important stage when it comes to grieving because we all desire the ability to go back in time and prevent the loss of someone we love. There is often a bargaining with ourselves over our own identity that comes from the loss of someone we love. Hamlet is questioning his own life. He is bargaining with whether or not he wants to continue living with all the chaos happening around him. “To be, or not to be- that is the question: whether ‘tis nobler to the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune… and by apposing end them. To die- to sleep- No more; and by a sleep to say we end the heartache.”(ACT III scene i) In this quote we see Hamlet debate his own life and consider whether dying would be better than to
In the beginning of William Shakespeare’s introspective play, Hamlet’s first soliloquy finds him as a more melancholic and more desperate character. He faced conflicts involving himself, the people around him, and his environment–how the events that have occurred in his surroundings negatively influenced his character. In Act 1, after enduring an unpleasant encounter at his mother and Claudius’ court, then being asked by his parents not to resume his studies in Wittenberg and rather stay in Denmark, Hamlet starts to have his suicidal thoughts for the very first time. For Hamlet, existence itself is a burden; he desires for his flesh to ‘melt’ and wishes that God had not made ‘self-slaughter’ a sin. Hamlet, then characterizes the world as “weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable.” (1; 5) Claiming that suicidal is the only alternative way out of a painful world but it is however forbidden by his religion. In a quote from the text, “O God! a beast that wants discourse of reason, Would have mourn’d longer,—married with mine uncle, My father’s brother; but no more like my father”, (1; 21-24) Hamlet describes his intense disgust at Gertrude’s decision of marrying Claudius, her vastly inferior former brother-in-law. As matter of fact, this is specifically
Throughout the play, Hamlet’s madness changes from being an illusion and forms into a harsh reality. Even though he claims the reason behind him acting deranged is to disconcert King Claudius, his behaviour and actions towards other characters in the play really emphasize his insanity. As the play progresses, everyone becomes aware of his mentally ill state, including King Claudius, who sends him to England to have him killed. This way Hamlet won’t be able to reveal his corrupt ways.
Can people choose their fate, or are we all at the mercy of circumstance? In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the main character Hamlet shows that people are just a victim of circumstances. Hamlet was fine when his father was still alive; he only started going crazy when unexpected events in his life occurred such as; his father dying and his mother marrying his uncle. Hamlet is not to blame for his own downfall, how could he choose how his father dying would affect him. Hamlet is a Schizophrenic with the worst luck in the world. Hamlet’s depression inhibits his obsession for vengeance due to his inability to take action.
He starts of using diction that is heavy to show why it is easier for him to choose death, only thinking of himself. He then compares death and sleep to share why it is easier to kill himself. “Thus conscience makes cowards of us all”. This alliteration emphasis Hamlets disappointment in himself. All of this goes together to create vivid diction that leads readers into Hamlet's mind. As the soliloquy ends, Hamlet realizes there is a line that needs to be crossed for him being and not being. This is why death bothers him
Dissociative Identity Disorder, also known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is a condition in which an individual has two or more identities or personalities. An individual with dissociative identity disorder will suffer lack of continuity between thoughts, surroundings, actions and identity. The patient Hamlet from William’s Shakespeare’s Hamlet is diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder. Hamlet is a university student at Wittenberg and the Prince of Denmark who recently suffered the loss of his father, King Hamlet. Disturbed by his mother, Gertrude’s, marriage to Claudius and discovering evidence regarding his father’s murder, Hamlet becomes obsessed with exposing Claudius; however, he remains unable to act throughout
Hamlet, after being left alone in the hall, begins to argue with himself about whether “To be or not to be?”(III.i.57). Hamlet discusses the topic on whether he should end his life or keep on living. Throughout Hamlet’s soliloquy he comes up with reasons to support each side of his argument. Hamlet’s sanity is still intact at the moment because if someone who had lost their sanity began to contemplate killing themselves they would commit the act right away without even thinking. In addition, Hamlet manages to list reasons on whether he should go through with killing himself or not which an insane person would not do. To add on to Hamlet’s stress is the possibility that something might lie “after death”(III.i.79). The fear that whatever comes after death is unknown is one of the many reasons Hamlet does not want to kill himself. Hamlet is sane because some people today still have a fear about how what comes after death is unknown. Hamlet’s behavior begins to change when they prepare to show the play that Hamlet wrote to everyone in the castle. Hamlet acts disrespectful towards his mother once again declining the seat she offered him and sitting next to Ophelia instead. He talks about how his mother looked cheerful within “two hours” of his father 's death clearly still angered from his mother’s speedy marriage
Throughout the play, suicide is mention by Hamlet and the suicide that he mentions is something that is related with death and decay. The prime idea of this play is about a mystery of death which then causes revenge. This prime idea then lead every single action of Hamlet throughout the play as, his action mostly is in order to seek revenge for the death of his death father, King of Denmark. Hamlet’s father appears to Hamlet as a ghost and tells him that he was murdered by Claudius. The death of his father really weighs Hamlet and it make Hamlet into a spiral of depression in which lead him to contemplate suicide. Basically, death and decay are two words which give an imagery about something that is rotten, become not existing anymore, and smelly. The theme suicides in this play, is symbolize by death and decay in its storyline and most of the action
Suicide and homicide often have roots in a confused and unbalanced relationship between the life and the death instincts. The destructive impulses may be turned against one 's own self (suicide) or projected against an external target (homicide). Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, proposed that each human has a life instinct and a death instinct. The death drive seeks destruction¬– life 's return to an inorganic state. The play Hamlet by William Shakespeare is one of the tragedies that is centered around death and it can never become out dated because death will forever remain one of the greatest mysteries of the
In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the protagonist, Hamlet, dies in an effort to revenge his father, the King of Denmark, who was murdered and usurped by Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. Hamlet’s tragic flaw, the cause of his downfall, is the reason why the play concluded with his own death. Ruled by his intelligence, Hamlet examines ideas and plans from many different angles before putting them into action. Although his thoughtfulness is an admirable trait, due to the circumstances, his thoroughness led to the inability to make and commit to decisions, the cause of his doom. This indecisiveness is physically manifested on the PostSecret the forms of text and visual cues.
Suicide is a reoccuring theme in Hamlet. Since this is a theme that affects all characters to a certain degree, it is interesting to see how the idea of suicide is treated both morally, religiously and aesthetically. This essay will mostly be based on Hamlet´s own soliloquies, considering their relevance to the theme, but Queen Gertrude´s treatment of Ophelia´s death is also worth a mention.
Hamlet’s ability to overthink situations or decisions makes him conclude that committing suicide might be the easy way out of his indecisiveness. Hamlet overthinks every problem that is happening. He overthinks so much that he cannot make up his decision about what to do with the problem. The cluelessness that is going on within his mind makes him lose his mental status, life and the love of his life. Hamlets actions are hypnotized by his thoughts: “Thus Conscience does make cowards of us all, And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought, And enterprises of great pitch and moment, With this regard their currents turn awry, And lose the name of action” (3.1.85-90). Since Hamlet is not able to make up his own decisions he must take the orders from a ghost he meets which is the spirit of his father. Hamlet also knows he cannot make his decisions
In his soliloquy, he is asking himself whether it is better to live or to die, which he is considering to commit suicide. Also, in the soliloquy, Hamlet states that “Who would fardels bear, To grunt and sweat under a weary life, But that the dread of something after death, The undiscovered country from whose bourn No traveler returns, puzzles the will And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of?” (3.1.84-90). He explains that no one would like to live in an exhausting life, unless they don’t know what is going to happen after they die because they are afraid of what their after life is going to be. Both these quotes prove that the death symbol is always surrounded by Hamlet and he has a hard time to choose between life and
In the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the title character Hamlet’s mind is violently pulled in divergent directions about the morals of murder. He feels an obligation to avenge his father’s death and thinks that it may be excused, since it is a case of “an eye of an eye.” But he is conflicted because the Bible has also taught him that murder is a sin and revenge should be left to God. Hamlet’s struggle to interpret this moral dilemma and his indecision, together are the ultimate cause of all the tragedy in the play; this internal conflict illuminates the meaning of the work as a whole: that murder, greed, and revenge are sins, no matter the reason, and procrastination is very detrimental.